Islam and the Baha'i Faith: A Comparative Study of Muhammad ‘Abduh and ‘Abdul-Baha ‘Abbas
Routledge, 25/04/2008 - 256 من الصفحات
Muhammad ‘Abduh (1849-1905) was one of the key thinkers and reformers of modern Islam who has influenced both liberal and fundamentalist Muslims today. ‘Abdul-Baha (1844-1921) was the son of Baha’ullah (1817-1892), the founder of the Baha’i Faith; a new religion which began as a messianic movement in Shii Islam, before it departed from Islam.
Oliver Scharbrodt offers an innovative and radically new perspective on the lives of these two major religious reformers in 19th century Middle East by placing both figures into unfamiliar terrain. While one would classify ‘Abdul-Baha, leader of a messianic movement which claims to depart from Islam, as an exponent of heresy in Islam, ‘Abduh is perceived as an orthodox Sunni reformer. This book, however, argues against the assumption that both represent two extremely opposite expressions of Islamic religiosity. It shows that both were influenced by similar intellectual and religious traditions of Islam and that both participated in the same discussions on the reform of Islam in the 19th century.
Islam and the Baha'i Faith provides new insights into the Islamic background of the Baha’i Faith and into ‘Abduh’s own association with so-called heretical movements in Islam.
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A Comparative Study of Muhammad 'Abduh and 'Abdul-Baha 'Abbas Oliver Scharbrodt. at Western Kentucky University, USA. His research interests lie in the study of modern Islam and of Iranian Shiism and Sufism. C u l t u r e a n d.
Sufis. m. Certain groups within the Shia upheld a dissident stance towards mainstream Islam and offered alternative models of religious authority which challenged the religious monopoly of the 'ulamā' and which were moreinclinedtowards ...
Mystical Islamor Sufism challenged the authority of the 'ulamā' andtheir ratherliteralist and legalistapproach tothe Qur'ān offering,similar to the Ismailis, more esoteric readingsof scripture that aimed at revealing its hidden meanings ...
Similar to the Sufis,Mulla Sadraupheld thedivine guidanceof the Perfect Man who hadbeenembodied bythe Prophets andImams inthepastand who could be embodied by anyone who reachesthe finalstages of the mystical journey towards God.
This observation servesas further evidenceof thedormant millenarian potential within Sufism that can erupt under certain circumstances and transform an ordinary Sufisaintintothe Islamic saviour.29 TheMahdi uprisings of1881–5 in Sudanare ...
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