Case Studies in War-to-peace Transition: The Demobilization and Reintegration of Ex-combatants in Ethiopia, Namibia, and Uganda
World Bank Discussion Paper No. 331. With the assistance of Emilio Mondo, Taimi Sitari, and Tadesse A. Woldu. Provides a detailed analysis of the intricate nature of the political, economic, and sociocultural issues that arise during the transition from war to peace in Ethiopia, Namibia, and Uganda. These countries offer a unique range of conditions and program models, as well as a variety of successes and failures from which to learn. A recently released overview, The Transition from War to Peace in Sub-Saharan Africa (Stock no. 13581; ISBN 0-8213-3581-2), is based on these country studies and a synthesis of reports of demobilization and reintegration programs in several other countries.
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activities administrative agricultural amount approach areas army assistance average Bank beneficiaries benefits budget cash centers civilian combatants Commission committees component contribution costs cover defense demobilization Derg disabled discharge district donors DVPOs economic effectively employment especially established estimated Ethiopian evaluation ex-combatants ex-soldiers expenditures expenses experience fact forces funds implementation included increased independence initially issues lack land limited major million Ministry MLRR monitoring months Namibia needs NGOs offices operations organized orientation overall participation payment percent period phase phase II PLAN political problems projects received regional rehabilitation reinsertion reintegration resettlement responsibility rural settlers severely skills social soldiers South staff SWAPO Table target group transition transport Uganda units urban UVAB veterans
الصفحة 281 - By analogy with notions of physical capital and human capital — tools and training that enhance individual productivity — "social capital" refers to features of social organization, such as networks, norms, and trust, that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit. Social capital enhances the benefits of investment in physical and human capital.
الصفحة 345 - Guaranty"), between the Lender and the United States of America, acting through the Agency for International Development ("AID"), hereby assigns to AID, without recourse (i) its entire right, title and interest in and to the Note of the Borrower referred to above (which Note is attached hereto), including its rights to unpaid interest on such Note, and (ii) its entire outstanding right, title and interest arising out...
الصفحة 218 - Program for the Alleviation of Poverty and the Social Costs of Adjustment (PAPSCA...
الصفحة 273 - ... the unemployment rate and the rate of inflation were, in their opinion, somewhat low when fixed values were given for the other objectives. This can at least in part be explained by the fact that the model was not used for forecasting but for optimization purposes, and the feasible region of the decision variables may not have corresponded exactly to the one considered relevant in the current economic situation.
الصفحة xi - The transition from war to peace is a complex process marked by the need to stabilize the economy, demilitarize the country (demobilization and demining being paramount), reintegrate dislocated populations, protect the most vulnerable war victims (children, disabled, and widows), and reestablish civil society and good governance.
الصفحة 168 - The three-year phased implementation will involve 25 percent of stateside hospital locations in the first year, an additional 50 percent in the second year, and the remaining 25 percent in the third year. To the extent that the program is successful in redirecting existing CHAMPUS workload to military medical treatment facilities or network providers, funds budgeted for CHAMPUS will be realigned to support this effort.
الصفحة xviii - Ministry of Education and Culture Ministry of Health and Social Services Ministry of Trade and Industry Ministry of Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources...
الصفحة 56 - Ethiopian reintegration experience it was explained that "...the urban target group was more complex and difficult than that of the rural ex-combatants because of the diverse social and economic backgrounds of the ex-combatants, the tightness of the urban labour market and different measures required to assist this group
الصفحة xiii - A successful demobilization and reintegration program (DRP) for ex-combatants is the key to an effective transition from war to peace. The success of this first step following the signing of a peace accord signals the end to organized conflict and thereby provides the security necessary for people affected by war to reinvest in their lives and their country.