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" Schein (1985) defines culture as: a pattern of basic assumptions — invented, discovered, or developed by a given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration — that has worked well enough to be considered... "
Leadership: Succeeding in the Private, Public, and Not-For-Profit Sectors - الصفحة 18
المحررون: - 2005 - عدد الصفحات: 427
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Readings in Managerial Psychology

Harold J. Leavitt, Louis R. Pondy, David M. Boje - 1989 - عدد الصفحات: 783
...cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration — a pattern of assumptions that has worked well enough to be considered valid...perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems. In terms of external survival problems, for example, 1 have heard these kinds of assumptions in first-generation...
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The Theory of Industrial Organization

Jean Tirole - 1988 - عدد الصفحات: 510
...learning how to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration, and that have worked well enough to be considered valid, and, therefore,...correct way to perceive, think, and feel in relation to these problems. (Schein 1984, p. 3) Organizational memory helps the members to find relatively satisfactory...
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From the Profane to the Sacred: Small Groups as Vehicles for Cultural Change

Tim Dalmau - 1990 - عدد الصفحات: 76
...formally, by organisational culture we mean a pattern of basic and often unstated assumptions that have worked well enough to be considered valid and, therefore,...correct way to perceive, think and feel in relation to their problems. In this we follow Schein (1985:9). The patterns of basic assumptions are those invented,...
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Educational Leadership: The Moral Art

Christopher Hodgkinson - 1991 - عدد الصفحات: 202
...discover and abide by "the way we do things here". Organizational culture has been defined by Schein as "a pattern of basic assumptions — invented, discovered,...to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems."33 It follows that culture is essentially conservative. It serves to integrate, maintain,...
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Work Psychology and Organizational Behaviour: Managing the Individual at Work

Wendy Hollway - 1991 - عدد الصفحات: 240
...inconsistencies in the way that the term culture is used by Schein, his formal definition is as follows: a pattern of basic assumptions - invented, discovered,...perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems. (Schein 1985b: 9) For Schein, organizations exist near the bottom of a size hierarchy of social units...
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Workplace Superstars in Resistant Organizations

Seth Allcorn - 1991 - عدد الصفحات: 200
...is created in order to know how it can be managed. Edgar Schein defines organizational culture to be a pattern of basic assumptions — invented, discovered,...to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems.2 This definition includes a number of important elements. First, organizational culture is...
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Understanding School System Administration: Studies of the Contemporary ...

Kenneth A. Leithwood, Donald F. Musella - 1991 - عدد الصفحات: 360
...discovered or developed by a given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaption and internal integration — that has worked well...perceive, think and feel in relation to those problems. (Schein, 1985, p. 9) An organization's culture is less tangible than its context but not less powerful...
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Reframing Organizational Culture

Peter J. Frost, Larry F. Moore, Meryl Reis Louis, Craig C. Lundberg, Joanne Martin - 1991 - عدد الصفحات: 414
...enough to be considered valid, and, therefore, 5. is to be taught to new members of the group as the 6. correct way to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems. The Defmition Examined and Explained Culture, in any of its meanings, is a property of a human group....
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Integrating Design and Manufacturing for Competitive Advantage

Gerald I. Susman - 1992 - عدد الصفحات: 320
...developed in learning to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration, and that has worked well enough to be considered valid,...perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems." Organizational culture can be analyzed at three different levels (Schein, 1984). Visible artifacts,...
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Developing Library Staff for the 21st Century

Maureen Sullivan - 1992 - عدد الصفحات: 132
...given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration-that has worked well enough to be considered valid and,...to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems.17 Over time the culture becomes imbedded in the infrastructure of the organization and may...
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