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as much as poffible; vomits and purgatives occa fionally, and properly adminiftered, may be ferviceable. When you get to the warm latitudes and trade winds, which blow from the N. E. and E. N. E. you will feel yourfelf grow uncommonly heavy and drowsy every day, which you must not indulge in fine fair weather it is healthy to rife early in the morning, and very pleasant to walk the deck, at least I always found it fo; to behold the fun, that grand and most refplendent luminary of heaven, emerging from the azure horizon, gilding the ocean with a glittering hue; to view the beauteous dolphin giving chase to myriads of flying fifh, promifcuously rifing and fkimming the air like birds, to evade them; with fharks, porpoises and bonnettas innumerable all around, feeming to welcome each newborn day, are objects grateful to the eye, pleafing to the mind, and truly delightful! But fhould storms prevail to anger the dreadful ocean, and change the delightful scene from gladness to horror, your mind will be impreffed with ideas of a different nature, the jarring elements will fill your foul with wonder and terror! What a beautiful and furprifing ftructure is a well built ship! Wherein we can swiftly and fecurely travel in defiance of the winds and waves, over the most dreadful monsters of the deep, and vifit the remoteft quarters of the globe.

"Eye natures walks, fhoot folly as it flies,
"And catch the manners living as they rise."


It was always a moft pleafing fatisfaction to me when in one of thofe floating habitations, in the midst of feeming danger, thinking momently she would overset, to find her steadily return to her original pofition, and force her way through feas foaming with madness in almoft oppofite direction to the winds: to fink unhurt between faline rolling hills, and rife and glide again triumphant over the furious tops of liquid mountains. By night, too, the grand and awful beauties of the deep are a luxury to the most ruftic mind; but to the man who is contemplatively inclined, they produce the most fublime fenfations, and are fources of extreme delight; the changes and variety of colours of the waters, and the sparkling particles like fire often attracted. my attention; fometimes I have been almost induced to think I was failing through a flaming phofphorus. I fhall here fubmit an extract from a poem which I wrote on my first voyage.

When Sol, each day, withdrew his beams of light,
And fable clouds brought on the gloomy night;
Upon the deck how often have I trod,
Delighted-mufing on thy works, O God!
The curling waves, now glittering with white,
Again, the colour of the fable night;
On one huge furge a purple hue I've seen,
And on another an undulating green;
fome of a yellow, fome a crimson dye,
And fome the colour of the azure sky;
Those beauteous fcenes did often entertain
My penfive thoughts, and charmed ev'ry vein.
B 2


As you probably, may call at Madiera, I will give you an idea of that fmall Island by an extract from my journal.

As foon as we came to anchor oppofite Madeira, a fmall African ifland, fituated in about 32o, N. latitude and 16o, 50′ W. longitude, we got into the small boat, thinking to go on fhore without ceremony; but before we got half way, to our great astonishment, a fmart firing from the fort obliged us to return to the fhip; fometime after, a low, fat, fwarthy man, who could fpeak a little broken English, accompanied by two curious ill-looking fellows, yellow, tall and meagre, with black ragged coats and gold lace hats, fmall fwords, &c. &c. boarded us; we were informed by the fat man, (who was their linguift) that they were cuftomhouse officers, and that we should have waited till they boarded us, and got their fees, which was a few pounds of falt beef, or pork; in fhort, as foon as they had got a piece of beef and a few glaffes of port, they departed well pleased; in like manner they paid their devoirs to each fhip (the fleet confifted of one hundred and eighty fail). We then with difficulty got afhore, the fwell or furf at the beech being always fo ftrong, that fmall boats would be dafhed to pieces if great care was not taken to keep them a float fome diftance from the fhore: people paffing and repaffing, are obliged to be carried on men's fhoulders


to and from their boats; feveral lufty yellow fellows ftand naked from morning 'till night for that purpose, and are well paid by the different paffengers. The chief produce for exportation is wine of an excellent flavour and quality; instead of turning four by heat like other wines, this improves vaftly in warm climates the older it becomes, and is an excellent medicine, I am informed, in intermitting fevers; there are as different qualities of this wine as there are of rum or brandy: London particularly is the best, and is fold for about forty pounds fterling per pipe. The capital is Fonchial, and contains about five hundred houses; the natives are Portuguese, and drefs in the fame uniform of their custom-houfe officers; their characteristic is, that they are poor, proud, fuperftitious and treacherous; the finest of their women, fome hundreds of them, are cooped up in convents; what pity that fine young women fhould be compelled to whither out their days. in fuch inglorious dens of folitude? Deluded to think their prayers cannot reach heaven if not offered in goals: I was grieved to the foul whenever I faw any of them peeping through their horrid iron grates-I suppose it is a paffage in St. Paul that induces them to live this reclufe life, where he recommends a married life, but fays, "a fingle life is better". If so, they are fadly deceived, for the fenfe of that cafe is plain from many other parts of the ·B 3 gofpel

gofpel, and is to the following purport: "That fingle chriftians during perfecution can pafs through adverse fortune better than those who have mates and children to provide for;" in many parts of fcripture a fingle life is condemned, and marriage strongly recommended, particularly to "young women". And furely it is a violation of the Almighty's command not to "increase and multiply;" for those who receive life should give life to others. I was hurt very much whenever I faw any of their bald-pated hypocritical guardians, called fryars: thofe artful dogs are numerous, and frequently parade the ftreets in proceffion with an air of folemnity; the poor deluded nuns think thofe rogues are all faints, by whom they are taught to believe that fuperftition, ignorance and folly, are beaming virtues; and no doubt but many of the poor beings, as flesh and blood, fecluded from all other fociety, thinks it no fin to become dupes to the proftitution and luft of thofe libidinous fcoundrels; their chapels are tolerably elegant, and adorned with images of pure gold.


I was introduced to feveral of the English merchants there, and treated with much hofpitality and politenefs; they have delicious fruit, and every luxury they can wish for. I took a ride to the English Conful's, which is a mile from town, where he has an elegant rural feat; the country is beautifully variegated with vineyards, cafcades, and limpid rivulets,


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