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goes a wenching with as much eafe and tranquility as if he was going to a fermon. The following fong is applicable for a cowfkin hero.
AIR. Irish Hautboy.
Tho' * he may growl and grumble,
From fultry toil and labour,
My book-keepers I humble,
Humble as the canine race;
I furely kick them out of place.
*Alluding to the attorney.
My driver I've made crazy,
The flaves under due cómmand;
I plant fields of Indian corn,
Ay, and plains of Guinea grass;
And indulge my favourite lafs.
When fol is blazing in the sphere,
Or kifs and play, fo banish care,
Young men, before they leave their native and peaceful habitations, form ftrange ideas of the West Indies; their minds are fed and inflamed by fickly Hope's delufive dreams, fo that every adventurer is buoyed up with the chimerical notion of acquiring abundance of wealth without much difficulty, but not one in forty fucceeds; and even those who do, only fhine away for a little time, « great in their crimes," and go off in a stink, like the snuff of a candle.
Some years ago the Weft Indies fuited poor adventurers vaftly better than at prefent; formerly transports acquired large properties; it was not thought ftrange for convicts after fix or feven years bondage was over to enter into marriage G 2 with
with their master's daughters, and thereby get poffeffion of flaves and cultivated plantations; and the offspring of those (fcum of prisons) now flourish. Of late, the British colonies in the West Indies are fo over-run with the fons of peasantry, from different parts of Great-Britain and Ireland, particularly from Scotland, the latter well educated men in general, that it is very difficult for poor men of any other nation to fucced as they do; for the Scotch are partial and friendly to each other, are keen and cunning, and infinuate themfelves with wonderful dexterity into places and penfions; yet there is no rule without an exception; I have known many candid, openhearted, impartial, and friendly Scotchmen; fo that you must not defpair of fuccefs, for you will have a chance as well as another. I fhall now endeavour to point out to you the different gradations, in both the planting and mercantile lines, which young men commonly go through to arrive at any degree of greatness.
When a green-horn, as he is properly called, arrives, he enquires and delivers his letters of recommendation, and is got into business, as I obferved to you before; indeed, if he has no letter nor friend, his own modeft behaviour and appearance will recommend him in the country, for overfeers are glad to get green-horns, becaufe they can impofe hardships on them, and make them fubferviant to their interefts. Here I must obferve, that letters of recommendation, if they
are to good men, may be of effential fervice to a ftranger, by introducing him to refpectable. connections; and yet I would not have you depend much on the promises of great men. I was warmly recommended to his Excellency general Darling, the honourable Richard Welch, and others; and though each took me by the hand, and gave me dinners at times, and though I conducted myself as prudent as I poffibly could, because I did not fawn, cringe, and put up with a little-minded cowskin hero's abuses, they did nothing for me at laft,
The usual falary for a book-keeper in the country is £40 per annum, with board, washing and lodging, the fame as the overfeer; in the windward islands, book-keepers are not permitted to mefs at overfeer's tables, for which reason they are not fo much respected as in Jamaica.
In the windward iflands the falary is greater, as they must board themselves; in those islands any man may get an overfeer's birth (called a management) through intereft; in Jamaica it is not fo; for I never knew an overfeer there who did not ferve at least two or three years, (fave only Little Confequence before mentioned).
When a young man gets into a good employ, I mean where the attorney, without favour or affection, makes it an established rule to prefer the oldest book-keepers in rotation, he should ftrive to please the overfeer, and remain in it as long as poffible; if he continues three or four years G 3
on one plantation it will be a recommendation to him; and if the attorney is a good man he will take notice of him accordingly. Nothing can be more hurtful than many movements; "a rolling ftone gathers no mofs." Should he and the overseer disagree, though his friends support him and fend him elfewhere, they will naturally conclude that he is in fome measure culpable; befides, overseers, being low-lived fellows, will, to justify themselves, tell false stories, which may gain fome credit; fo that every movement will leffen him in his friend's opinion, and retard his steps to preferment. If a man has friends he should not boast of them, nor tell every person who they are; it is bad to tell an enemy your strength or weaknefs, for he will divife methods to attack and encounter you accordingly.
Overseers are commonly jealous when they perceive that their book-keepers have friends, or merit; fo you will pleafe to obferve this, to be fecret, and not to let any man know the bottom of your heart. It is good to have friends, and bad to be too troublesome to them, but worse to need their affiftance.
The first charge a book-keeper gets is that of the sheep, goats, fwine, and poultry (called the fmall ftock) with the keys of the corn, and other ftores; he must be very particular in getting up early every morning to haften to the field to call the lift and return to feed the fmall ftock, and to count them exactly; he must keep an exact