The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives

الغلاف الأمامي
Psychology Press, 1999 - 648 من الصفحات
Coinciding with the 900th anniversary of the Crusades, this book is the first general introduction to some of the wider aspects of the history of the Crusades. Prepared by Carole Hillenbrand, a leading authority with a world-wide reputation, The The Crusade is unique in covering the Crusades from the Muslim perspective; it is also a timely reflection on how the phenomenon of the Crusades influenced the Muslim world, then and now--militarily, culturally, and psychologically. The Crusades discusses a group of themes designed to highlight how Muslims reacted to the alien presence of the Crusaders in the heart of traditional Muslim territory. Ideological concerns are examined, and the importance of the concept of jihad is assessed in the context of the gradual recovery of the Holy Land and the expulsion of the Crusaders. There are also chapters devoted to an analysis of the warfare--arms, battles, sieges, fortifications--on the basis of written sources and extant works of art. Also extensively discussed is the complex issue of the interaction between Muslims and Crusaders in a social, economic, and cultural setting. The epilogue traces the profound impact of the Crusades on Muslim consciousness up to the present day. The Crusades is also lavishly illustrated with 500 black-and-white pictures and two full color-plate sections.
 

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المحتويات

Expanded Contents List
xv
Preface by Yasir Suleiman
xxxvii
Key to Abbreviations Used in the Text
li
Expanded Contents List
1
The Nature of Medieval Muslim Sources
9
The First Crusade and the Muslims Initial Reactions
31
The Eastern Perspective Seljuq Disunity 485492Io92Io99
38
A Summary of the State of the Islamic Lands on the Eve of the First Crusade
47
The Value of Popular Folk Literature
263
Later Medieval Views of the Franks in the Cosmographical
271
The Religious Dimension
282
The Frankish Threat to the Pilgrimage and to the Holy Cities
291
The Evidence of Contemporary Muslim Poetry
297
Whats in a Name?
303
Muslim Polemic and Propaganda about Frankish Christianity
310
The Propaganda Value of Saladins Magnanimity
316

Muslim Accounts
54
The Conquest of Jerusalem
63
Muslim Reactions to the First Crusade and the Establishment of
69
Crusader Expansionism and Muslim Disunity 49151810991124
76
Tailpiece
83
Jihad in the Period 493569I IOO1174
89
Spiritual Jihad the Greater Jihad
97
The Lack of Jihad Spirit in Syria and Palestine
103
Zengi and the Fall of Edessa
112
The Religious Dimensions of the Career of Nur alDin
118
The Image of Nur alDin in the Written Sources
132
The General Status of Jerusalem in the Medieval Islamic World
141
The Role of Jerusalem in the Propaganda of the CounterCrusade
150
Jihad Literature from the Time of Nur alDin
161
Jihad in the Period from the Death of Nur alDin until
171
The Evidence of the Medieval Muslim Chroniclers
180
Saladin and Jerusalem
188
Nur alDin and Saladin a Comparison
193
A Hollow Sham?
204
The Fate of Jerusalem in the Ayyubid Period 2 II
211
The Power of the Preacher to Rouse the Populace to Jihad
223
The Jihad Titulature of the Mamluks Evidence of Monumental
230
The Attitude to Jihad amongst the Military and Religious Classes
237
An Overview
243
Jihad in More Recent Times
250
How the Muslims Saw the Franks Ethnic
257
Aspects of Life in the Levant in the Crusading Period
329
Muslim Views of the Frankish Leadership
336
Frankish women
347
Was the Frankish Lifestyle Influenced by the Muslims? 3 54
354
Travel
366
The Incidence of Conversion amongst Muslims and Franks
375
Cultural Exchanges between Muslims and Franks the Evidence
381
The LongTerm Effects of CrusaderMuslim Contact 39 I
391
Conclusions
419
Armies Arms Armour and Fortifications
431
The Aims of this Chapter
432
The Mirrors for Princes Literature
439
The Arms and Armour of the Muslims
450
Fortifications in the Levant in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
467
The Conduct of
511
Battles
518
Muslim Accounts of Individual Sieges
533
General Remarks
540
The Naval Dimension
556
An Overview of the Value of the Islamic Sources on the Conduct of War
578
Armies Arms Armour and Fortifications 43 I
589
Some General Reflections
611
Bibliography
617
Index
635
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