Urban Problems and Community Development
In recent years, concerned governments, businesses, and civic groups have launched ambitious programs of community development designed to halt, and even reverse, decades of urban decline. But while massive amounts of effort and money are being dedicated to improving the inner-cities, two important questions have gone unanswered: Can community development actually help solve long-standing urban problems? And, based on social science analyses, what kinds of initiatives can make a difference? This book surveys what we currently know and what we need to know about community development's past, current, and potential contributions. The authors--economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a historian--define community development broadly to include all capacity building (including social, intellectual, physical, financial, and political assets) aimed at improving the quality of life in low- to moderate-income neighborhoods. The book addresses the history of urban development strategies, the politics of resource allocation, business and workforce development, housing, community development corporations, informal social organizations, schooling, and public security.
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Thus , in our definition community development is asset building that improves the quality of life among residents of low- to moderate - income communities , where communities are defined as neighborhoods or multineighborhood areas .
More than half the organizations responding to the NCCED survey serve rural areas , mixed urban / rural areas , or areas larger than a neighborhood ... In the urban sample , two - thirds serve a neighborhood or multineighborhood area .
As a reformulation of earlier approaches , CCIs build on the conceptual foundations of community development theory and practice , represented by both private and public sector efforts such as the Gray Areas Program , the Community ...
Aside from entities such as the Industrial Areas Foundation ( IAF ) that specialize in organizing , groups at levels one , two , and three have shown only half - hearted and fleeting support for the idea of organizing .
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