Urban Problems and Community Development
In recent years, concerned governments, businesses, and civic groups have launched ambitious programs of community development designed to halt, and even reverse, decades of urban decline. But while massive amounts of effort and money are being dedicated to improving the inner-cities, two important questions have gone unanswered: Can community development actually help solve long-standing urban problems? And, based on social science analyses, what kinds of initiatives can make a difference? This book surveys what we currently know and what we need to know about community development's past, current, and potential contributions. The authors--economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a historian--define community development broadly to include all capacity building (including social, intellectual, physical, financial, and political assets) aimed at improving the quality of life in low- to moderate-income neighborhoods. The book addresses the history of urban development strategies, the politics of resource allocation, business and workforce development, housing, community development corporations, informal social organizations, schooling, and public security.
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This book promotes a conception of community development that entails building practical capacities — physical ... types of capacity building that seem required locally , regionally , and nationally for achieving sustainable progress .
Informal neighborhood social ties and the capacity for collective problem solving are underdeveloped . Further , residents are disproportionately isolated from informal networks that carry information about good economic opportunities .
Our conception of community development includes capacity building both inside and outside neighborhood boundaries for such things as employment , shopping , schooling ( or even future housing ) , as long as members of the neighborhood ...
... which provides the capacity to exert political influence . An entity's political capital comprises those aspects of its physical , financial , social , and intellectual capital that have potential to affect political outcomes .
The new building and the nurses ' skills are new assets that increase the community's capacity to provide health services . Or , for a job placement agency that serves a particular neighborhood , building relationships with suburban ...