Urban Problems and Community Development
In recent years, concerned governments, businesses, and civic groups have launched ambitious programs of community development designed to halt, and even reverse, decades of urban decline. But while massive amounts of effort and money are being dedicated to improving the inner-cities, two important questions have gone unanswered: Can community development actually help solve long-standing urban problems? And, based on social science analyses, what kinds of initiatives can make a difference? This book surveys what we currently know and what we need to know about community development's past, current, and potential contributions. The authors--economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a historian--define community development broadly to include all capacity building (including social, intellectual, physical, financial, and political assets) aimed at improving the quality of life in low- to moderate-income neighborhoods. The book addresses the history of urban development strategies, the politics of resource allocation, business and workforce development, housing, community development corporations, informal social organizations, schooling, and public security.
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Even more broadly , individuals and organizations in the community development system range from neighborhood residents to allies in the federal government who fight year after year to keep particular funding in the federal budget .
In federal government circles , some regard community development to be whatever the federal Community Development Block Grant ( CDBG ) program supports . However , in our experience , when people say or write community development ...
The political environments most important in the past have been city and federal, but state and regional environments will become increasingly important. This will require community development advocates to adopt new strategies.
BOX 2-4 LEVEL THREE : STATE , REGIONAL , AND NATIONAL SUPPORT ENTITIES State and federal policymakers and bureaucrats State and federal legislative committees State and federal executive branch agencies Quasi - public housing and ...
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