Urban Problems and Community Development
In recent years, concerned governments, businesses, and civic groups have launched ambitious programs of community development designed to halt, and even reverse, decades of urban decline. But while massive amounts of effort and money are being dedicated to improving the inner-cities, two important questions have gone unanswered: Can community development actually help solve long-standing urban problems? And, based on social science analyses, what kinds of initiatives can make a difference? This book surveys what we currently know and what we need to know about community development's past, current, and potential contributions. The authors--economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a historian--define community development broadly to include all capacity building (including social, intellectual, physical, financial, and political assets) aimed at improving the quality of life in low- to moderate-income neighborhoods. The book addresses the history of urban development strategies, the politics of resource allocation, business and workforce development, housing, community development corporations, informal social organizations, schooling, and public security.
النتائج 1-5 من 83
No one argues that community development can effectively counteract the business cycle or fend off major transformations in the macroeconomy . Neither can it compete with income - transfer programs as short - run responses to poverty .
For example , based on its surveys , NCCED estimates that CDCs have produced more than 400,000 housing units , new construction as well as major rehabilitations . 12 Nevertheless , the statement that housing is the primary development ...
... and a host of related activities fall squarely within this century - long tradition.38 In chapter 5 Sara Stoutland contends that there are three major themes in studies of CDCs : community control , comprehensiveness , and synergy .
Similarly, the decentralization of employment from central cities to suburbs for the past three decades has been a major focus for people concerned about the availability of jobs. In chapter 9 William Dickens reviews the studies on ...
The major institutional sectors that we distinguish are the standard for-profit, nonprofit, and governmental. Every organization belongs to an institutional sector, in addition to one or more product sectors.