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the Conference be, ex officio, members of the Committee.

The Rev. Dr. Cox moved; Rev. Dr. RAFFLES seconded::

V. That the following members of the Conference constitute the said Committee, with power to add to their number :-Revs. Thomas Allin, Edward Bickersteth, William Bevan, Dr. Beilby, C. M. Birrell, John Blackburn, Thomas Blackburn, Esq., Dr. Blackwood, Revs. Dr. John Brown, Dr. Buchanan, W. M. Bunting, T. Perceval Bunting, Esq., Revs. J. Tod Brown, A. D. Campbell, Dr. Candlish, W. H. Cooper, Dr. Cox, Dr. Cunningham, Alexander Dunlop, Esq., Rev. R. Eckett, Thomas Farmer, Esq., Revs. Donald Fergusson, James Hamilton, John Hamilton, Esq., Advocate, W. Hamilton, Esq., James Heald, Esq., John Henderson, Esq., Revs. Ridley H. Herschell, J. Howard Hinton, Dr. Hoby, J. A. James, Thomas James, John Jordan, John Kelly, Dr. King, R. W. Kyle, Dr. Leifchild, Thomas McCrie, John McFie, Esq., Hon. and Rev. B. W. Noel, Revs. Dr. Newton, Robert Newstead, George Osborn, Dr. Paul, C. Prest, Hugh E. Prior, Dr. Raffles, Dr. Reed, James Sherman, Sir C. E. Smith, Revs. Dr. Steane, Dr. Symington, J. Scott, Dr. Smyth, J. S. Taylor, A. S. Thelwall, Dr. Urwick, H. F. Wallace, Dr. Wardlaw, A. Wells, Sir J. B. Williams, Rev. Dr. Young.

The Committee having reported on the various points referred to its consideration, The Rev. EDWARD BICKERSTETH moved; Rev. Dr. RAFFLES seconded; Rev. Dr. NEWTON Supported :

VI. That the Conference now assembled on the important subject of extended Christian union, after lengthened engagements of devotion and discussion, in which the happiest tokens of the Divine favour have been sensibly experienced, offer to the brethren in Scotland, by whom they were invited to assemble, most cordial thanks and congratulations.

The Rev. R. W. KYLE moved; Rev. J. TOD BROWN seconded; Rev. J. S. TAYLOR, ALEX. CAMPBELL, Esq., of Monzie, supported :

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even as God, for Christ's sake, hath forgiven us; in everything seeking to be followers of God as dear children, and to walk in love, as Christ also has loved us.

Dr. BLACKWOOD moved; the Rev. Dr. YOUNG seconded; Rev. ROBERT NEWSTEAD, Rev. Mr. ROGERSON supported :

IX. That, as the Christian union, which this Conference desire to promote, can only be attained through the blessed energy of the Holy Spirit, the Conference unanimously recommend the members present, and absent brethren, to make this matter the subject of simultaneous weekly petition at the Throne of Grace, in their closets and families; and suggest the forenoon of Monday as the time for that purpose.

Sir C. E. SMITH moved; the Rev. JAMES BEGG seconded; Rev. JAMES HAMILTON supported:

MAN, Rev. HENRY WALLACE, Rev. Professor EDWARDS supported:

XIII. That in the prosecution of the present attempt, the Conference are clearly and unanimously of opinion, that no compromise of their own views, or sanction of those of others, on the points on which they differ, ought to be either required or expected on the part of any who concur in it; but that all should be held as free as before, to maintain and advocate their views, with all due forbearance and brotherly love. Further, that any union or alliance to be formed, should be understood to be an alliance of individual Christians, and not of denominations or branches of the Church; and the design of this Alliance shall be to exhibit, as far as practicable, the Essential Unity of the Church of Christ; and, at the same time, to cherish and manifest, in its various branches, the X. That the Conference record with de- spirit of brotherly love;-to open and mainlight and heartfelt thanksgiving to God, that, tain, by correspondence and otherwise, fraafter the most frank and unreserved expres-ternal intercourse between all parts of the sion of their sentiments, by brethren of various Christian world; and, by the press, and by denominations present, there has been found, such scriptural means as, in the progress of not only a general and warm desire for ex- this Alliance, may be deemed expedient, to tended Christian union, but ample ground of resist not only the efforts of Popery, but common truth, on a cordial belief in which, every form of Superstition and Infidelity, and the assembled brethren could themselves to promote our common Protestant faith in unite, for many important objects, and also our own and other countries. invite the adhesion of all Evangelical Chris- The Rev. Dr. CANDLISH_moved; Rev. Dr. tians; so that, cheered by these auspicious WARDLAW seconded; Rev. A. D. CAMPcommencements, the Conference would go BELL, Rev. JABEZ BURNS, Rev. JAMES forward with their great object, depending on BEGG, Rev. Dr. HENRY, Rev. J. M'LEAN, continued help from the Divine Head of the JAMES BRIDGES, Esq., supported:Church; and now determine, that a more XIV. That, in the judgment of this Conextensive meeting shall be convened in ference, one of the most important objects London, in the summer of next year, to which the contemplated Alliance ought to which Christians from various parts of the have in view, is the promotion of sound views world shall be invited. on the subject of the sanctity of the Lord'sday, as well as the better practical observance of that day, and the removal of hindrances and obstacles to its observance. The Rev. Dr. ALDER moved; Sir J. B. WILLIAMS seconded; Rev. THOMAS M'CRIE, Rev. Dr. HOBY, supported:

The Rev. J. H. HINTON moved; WILLIAM

BOLTON, Esq., seconded:XI. That the Conference, postponing the preparation of a full and formal document on the subject, deem it sufficient for the present to intimate, that the parties who shall be invited to the future meeting, shall be such persons as hold and maintain what are usually understood to be Evangelical views in regard to such important matters of doctrine as the following, viz. :

1. The Divine inspiration, authority, and sufficiency of Holy Scripture.

2. The Unity of the Godhead, and the Trinity of Persons therein.

3. The utter depravity of human nature, in consequence of the Fall.

VII. That, as the Conference rejoice in the substantial agreement which exists among the people of God, so they are deeply impressed with a sense of the importance of exhibiting and carrying out that agreement; believing, as they do, that the alienation of Christians from one another, on account of lesser differences, has been one of the greatest evils in the Church of Christ, and one main hindrance to the progress of the Gospel; and that the aspect of affairs, in a religious view, both at home and abroad, is such as to pre-alone. sent the strongest motive to union and cooperation.

Rev. JOHN BLACKBURN seconded; Rev.
Dr. CUNNINGHAM supported:-
VIII. That this meeting desires to express
its humiliation before God and his Church,
for all the divisions of the Christian Church,
and especially for everything which we our-
selves may have aforetime spoken, in theolo-
gical and ecclesiastical discussions, contrary
to speaking the truth in love; and that we
would earnestly and affectionately recommend
to each other, in our own conduct, and par-
ticularly in our own use of the press, carefully
to abstain from, and to put away, all bitter-
ness and wrath, anger and clamour, and evil
speaking, with all malice; and, in things in
which we may yet differ from each other, still
to seek to be kind, tender-hearted, forbearing
one another in love, forgiving one another,

4. The Incarnation of the Son of God, and His work of Atonement for sinners of mankind.

5. The Justification of the sinner by Faith

6. The work of the Holy Spirit in the Conversion and Sanctification of the sinner.

7. The right and the duty of Private Judgment in the interpretation of Holy Scripture.

8. The Divine institution of the Christian Ministry, and the authority and perpetuity of the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord's Supper.

XV. 1, That a Provisional Committee, in four divisions, be appointed from among the members present at this Conference. The first division to sit in London, with power to act for foreign countries, and for the midland and southern counties of England; the second to sit in Liverpool, with power to act for the northern counties and Wales; the third to sit in Glasgow, and act for Scotland; the fourth in Dublin, with power to act for Ireland.

2. That this Committee have power to add to its members, from among those Christian friends who may, from time to time, signify their adhesion to the objects of the present Conference, and their readiness to join the proposed Alliance.

3. That it be an instruction to the Committee, to hold an aggregate meeting of the four divisions, in Liverpool, in the month of January, and at Birmingham in the month of April, next ensuing: and that the aggregate meetings be authorized and empowered to make all necessary arrangements and intimations connected with the proposed meeting in London, in June, 1846.

4. That the London division of the Committee shall have power to convene an aggre gate meeting at their discretion.

The Rev. JOHN JORDAN moved; Rev. Dr. BUCHANAN Seconded; JOHN HENDERSON, Esq., Rev. Dr. MASSIE, THOMAS FARMER, Esq., Rev. Dr. JOHN BROWN, Rev. J. A. 5. That the several divisions of the ComJAMES, Rev. J. H. HINTON, supported:mittee shall interchange their minutes after XII. That it be recommended to the future meeting, in connexion with the promotion of Christian union, that they form an institution, whose name shall be "The Evangelical Alliance.'

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The Rev. Dr. STEANE moved; Rev. Dr. SYMINGTON seconded; Rev, JAMES SHER

each meeting.

6. That it shall be an instruction to the Provisional Committee, to use their best efforts, by holding meetings, and by all other suitable means, to awaken attention to the subject of Christian union; to explain the objects, and, as far as possible, to diffuse

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the spirit, of the present Conference, in their several localities.

7. That this Committee have power to originate Local Committees on the same principle.

The Rev. G. OSBORN moved; Rev. JOSHUA

RUSSELL seconded :·

XVI. That the practical suggestions which have been made, in the course of the meetings of the Conference, be remitted to the Committee; with special instructions to take them into their deliberate considerationparticularly at the aggregate meetings, appointed to be held in January and April and to mature them, as far as practicable, and to report upon them to the meeting to be held in June.

T. PERCEVAL BUNTING, Esq., moved; Rev. JAMES HAMILTON seconded; Rev. Dr. SMITH, JOHN HOWARD, Esq., Rev. Dr. URWICK, Rev. GEORGE OSBORN, supported :

XVII. That this Conference cannot conclude their sittings, without expressing their sense of the obligation under which the Christian Churches within these lands have been laid, by the services of John Henderson, Esq., of Park, Glasgow; both as it respects the arrangements for convening this Conference, and his munificence in assisting to provide the funds necessary to defray its expenses.

The Rev. A. S. THELWALL moved; Rev. F. WEST seconded :

XVIII. That the thanks of the Conference are due to the Rev. Dr. Crichton, Convener, to the Committee of Arrangement, and to the Christian ladies in Liverpool, for their efficient services and hospitality. The Rev. C. M. BIRRELL moved; ROBERT BICKERSTETH, Esq., seconded:XIX. That the cordial thanks of this Conference be presented to the Revs. A. S. Thelwall, Dr. Steane, W. Chalmers, G. Osborn, and W. Bevan, for their constant and efficient services in connexion with its business. Sir C. E. SMITH moved; the Rev. A. D. CAMPBELL seconded::

XX. That this Conference, while they refrain from adopting as their own, the Address submitted to them at its first sitting by the brethren from Scotland, or pronouncing any opinion on the matters contained in it, records its thanks to those friends, for the kindly spirit which pervades, and the ability which marks that document; and especially to the Rev. Dr. King, by whom they understand that paper was chiefly drawn up. The Rev. Dr. BUCHANAN moved; Sir C. E. SMITH seconded:

XXI. That the cordial thanks of the Conference are due, and are hereby presented, to those Reverend Fathers who have successively occupied the chair at its Sessions.

PROPOSED EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE. [THE subjoined has been sent us by the Secretary of the London Committee of the proposed EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE, with an urgent request for its insertion in the present number, which we hereby most cordially grant it.-ED.]

At the meeting of the Aggregate Committee of the proposed Alliance held at Liverpool, on Thursday evening, January 15, 1846, Sir Culling Eardley Smith, Bart., being in the chair, the following Resolutions were unanimously adopted :—

The Rev. J. HALDANE STEWART moved; the Rev. Dr. BUCHANAN seconded:

"That, in seeking the correction of what we believe to be wrong in others, we desire, in humble dependence on the grace of God, to obey ourselves, and by our practice and influence to impress upon others, the command of Christ to consider first the beam that is in our own eye; that we will therefore strive to promote, each in his own communion, a spirit of repentance and humiliation for its peculiar sins, and to exercise a double measure of forbearance in reproving, where reproof is needful, the faults of those Christian brethren who belong to other bodies than our own."

The Rev. Dr. MASSIE moved; the Rev. J. TOD BROWN seconded: "That, when required by conscience to assert or defend any views or principles wherein we differ from Christian brethren who agree with us in vital truths, we will aim earnestly, by the help of the Holy Spirit, to avoid all rash or groundless insinuations, personal imputations, or irritating allusions, and to maintain the meekness and gentleness of Christ, by speaking the truth only in love." The Rev. J. A. JAMES moved; the Rev. W. W. EWBANK seconded; the Rev. Dr. URWICK supported:

"That, while we believe it highly desirable that Christians of different bodies, holding the head, should own each other as brethren by some such means as it is hoped the proposed Evangelical Alliance will afford; we disclaim the thought as injurious and uncharitable, that those only who openly join this Society are sincere friends to the cause of Christian union: that, on the contrary, we regard all those as its true friends who solemnly purpose in their hearts, and in any way profess that purpose with their lips and fulfil it in their practice, to be more watchful in future against occasions of strife, more tender and charitable towards Christians from whom they differ, and more constant in prayer for the unity of the whole body of Christ."

The Rev. Dr. BUNTING moved; the Rev. Dr.

STEANE seconded:

"That we therefore would invite, humbly and earnestly, all ministers of the Gospel, all conductors of religious publications, and others who have influence in various bodies of Christians, to place on public record, in any way they prefer, their serious purpose to watch more than ever against sins of the heart, or the tongue, or the pen, towards Christians of other denominations; and to promote more zealously than hitherto a spirit of peace, unity, and godly love among all true believers in the Lord Jesus Christ."

The Rev. EDWARD BICKERSTETH moved; the Rev. J. H. HINTON seconded; the Rev. J. COOPER and the Rev. T. WAUGH supported:

Christians who belong to the Society of "That while several reasons may hinder Friends, and to other denominations, from direct union or co-operation with this Provisional Committee, we desire to acknowledge all those of them as Christian brethren, who, except with reference to the Divine institution of the Christian ministry, and the authority and perpetuity of the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord's Supper,' adhere to the same basis of Evangelical truth, and manifest in their lives the fruits of righteousness; and to practise towards them, no less than towards believers of other bodies, the same maxims of forbearance and love." The Rev. JOHN KELLY moved; the Rev. JOSHUA RUSSELL seconded; the Hon. and Rev. B. W. NOEL supported:

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[THE following admirable observations of Robert Hall are so appropriate to the circumstances of the times, that we must commend them to the serious perusal of our readers.-ED.]

"That union among Christians which it is so desirable to secure, must, we are persuaded, be the result of something more heavenly and divine than legal restraints or angry controversies. Unless an angel were to descend for that purpose, the spirit of division is a disease which will never be healed by troubling the waters. We must expect the cure from the increasing preva lence of religion, and from a copious communication of the Spirit, to produce that event. A more extensive diffusion of piety among all sects and parties will be the best and only preparation for a cordial union. Christians will then be disposed to appreciate their differences more equitably; to turn their chief attention to points on which they agree; and, in consequence of loving each other more, to make every concession consistent with a good conscience. Instead of wishing to vanquish others, every one will be desirous of being vanquished by the truth. An awful fear of God, and an exclusive desire of discovering his mind, will hold a torch before them in their inquiries which will strongly illuminate the path in which they are to tread. In the room of being repelled by mutual antipathy, they will be insensibly drawn nearer to each other by the ties of mutual attachment. A larger measure of the Spirit of God would prevent them from converting every incidental variation into an impassable boundary; or from condemning the more innocent and laudable usages for fear of symbolising with another class of Christians. The general prevalence of piety in different communities would inspire that mutual respect, that heartfelt homage, for the virtues conspicuous in the character of their respective members which would urge us to ask with astonishment and regret, Why cannot we be one? What is it that obstructs our union? Instead of maintaining the barrier which separates us from each other, and of hostile communities, we should be anxiously employing ourselves in fortifying the positions devising the means of narrowing the grounds of dispute, by drawing the attention of all parties to those fundamental and catholic principles in which all concur.

"To this we may add, that a more perfect subjection to the authority of the Great Head of the Church would restrain men from inventing new terms of communion, from lording it over conscience, or from exacting a scrupulous compliance with things which the Word of God has left indifferent. That sense of imperfection we ought ever to cherish, would induce us to be looking up for superior light, and make us think it not improbable that, in the long night which has befallen us, we have all, more or less, mistaken our way,

and have much to learn and much to correct. The very idea of identifying a particular party with the Church, would be exploded; the foolish clamour about schism hushed; and no one, however mean and inconsiderable, be expected to surrender his conscience to the claims of ecclesiastical dominion. The New Testament is surely not so obscure a book that, were its contents to fall into the hands of a hundred serious impartial men, it would produce such opposite conclusions as must necessarily issue in their forming two or more separate communions. It is remarkable, indeed, that the chief points about which real Christians are divided are points on which that volume is silent; mere human fabrications which the presumption of men has attached to the Christian system. A larger communication of the Spirit of Truth would insensibly lead Christians into a similar train of thinking; and, being more under the guidance of that infallible teacher, they would gradually turn to the same point, and settle in the same conclusions. Without such an influence as this, the coalescing into one communion would probably be productive of much mischief; it certainly would do no sort of good, since it would be the mere result of intolerance and pride acting upon indolence and fear.


During the present disjointed state of things, then, nothing remains but for every one to whom the cure of any part of the Church of Christ is intrusted, to exert himself to the utmost in the promotion of vital religion, in cementing the friendship of the good, in repressing, with a firm and steady hand, the heats and eruptions of a party spirit. He will find sufficient employment for his time and his talents in inculcating the great truths of the Gospel, and endeavouring to form Christ' in his hearers without blowing the flames of contention, or widening that breach which is already the disgrace and calamity of the Christian name. Were our efforts uniformly to take this direction, there would be an identity in the impression made by religious instruction; the distortion of party features would gradually disappear, and Christians would everywhere approach towards that ideal beauty spoken of by painters, which is combined of the finest lines and traits conspicuous in individual forms. Since they have all drunk into the same spirit, it is manifest nothing is wanting but a larger portion of that spirit to lay the foundation of a solid, cordial union. It is to the immoderate attachment to secular [or sectarian] interest, the love of power [or party], and the want of reverence for truth, not to the obscurities of revelation, we must impute the unhappy contentions among Christians-maladies which nothing can correct but deep and genuine piety. The true schismatic is not so properly the person who declines a compliance with what he judges to be wrong, though he may be mistaken in that judgment, as the man who sedulously employs every artifice to alienate the affections of good men from one another."-Review of Zeal without Innovation. Bohn's Standard Library, 470-473.




(From the " Northern Warder.") Paris, January 16, 1846. MY DEAR SIR,-I propose to-day to give you some details about the work of God among the Romanists in France. You are aware that, about nine months ago, my friend and

brother, M. Audobez, went for the first time | flowing of their wickedness the more the poor to Sens, departement de l'Yonne, to look a man felt miserable, and to soothe his aching little into an Evangelical movement com- conscience, he tried to persuade himself that mencing in that town, the residence of a to speak would be to throw pearls before Popish Archbishop. This movement has ever swine. He was hanging his head sorrowfully since been growing at a rapid and miraculous down, and the torment of his soul was inrate, and has extended from the chief town all creasing, when one of the forty, who seemed over the department. Twelve places of Evan- as it were to preside over the others, unexgelical worship are open at this moment in as pectedly turned towards him with these words, many different localities, and if the Société "You, Sir, who are sitting down there, you Evangélique had the means and the ministers have not yet spoken a single word; we should at its disposal, eight more places could im- like to have your opinion; do you not agree mediately be opened. At Sens and at Aux- with us?" The colporteur answered, in a erres churches have been built, and though somewhat trembling voice, that his opinion they were thought sufficiently large, they have differed so widely from theirs that it could very soon been found to be too small. From not but be disagreeable to them to hear it. nine to twelve and fifteen hundred hearers But they all insisted that they wanted to know are thronging in the places of worship and in his thoughts about religion. He replied that the courts, and this not one Sunday, but if he said what he had to say, they would cerevery Lord's-day; not in one place, but in tainly get angry at him. They assured him several places; not only when the weather is they would not. He then asked if they fine, but whatever is the state of the atmo- would promise to let him speak out to the sphere. In places where there are as yet end without interrupting him? This promise neither church nor chapel, the people meet in having been made by all, the humble and barns, or in the largest room that can be unlearned disciple of the Holy Spirit silently found in the village; the whole house is soon lifted up his heart in secret and fervent invaded, and not a place remains vacant on prayer, and, taking his New Testament from the stairs, nor at the door and the windows. his pocket, he opened it, and, in a slow and In a number of villages there are no meet- devout manner, he read aloud, from beginings, because there exists not a shelter that ning to end, the second chapter of the First can hold the people. They are in no way Epistle to the Corinthians, without being once discouraged, they wait patiently and confi- interrupted. The attention of all the forty dently for their turn; they make frequent and seemed riveted on what he was reading. He touching appeals to the Société Evangélique, then added some simple and forcible remarks intreating that Evangelical worship may be in way of commentary and application, and established amongst them; and promising to these were listened to with the same serious have always a cart in readiness to go for the attention. Some objections were made, but minister and to take him back. In the mean- in a most becoming manner, and many queswhile they walk every Sunday in any weather, tions were addressed to him. He answered through very bad roads, from six to eight readily both to the objections and to the English miles, to the place of worship nearest questions, and the conversation that followed to them, or rather the least distant. The area became so interesting that it continued uninof this remarkable movement comprises about terrupted till one o'clock after midnight. Our sixty miles of ground, and in this field only dear friend, already exhausted by the fatigues three ministers of God are regularly at work. of the day, felt then the absolute necessity of Religious tracts are distributed in large quan- retiring to his rest. But as he was rising from tities, and eagerly received and read. The his seat, one of the merchants said to him-origin of the whole movement can be traced "But, Sir, we cannot thus part with you; you to the simple dissemination of the pure and have told us such astonishing things; you unadulterated Word of God, without note or have talked of prayer in such a way, that we comment. But I must tell you, at some much wish to hear you pray, and to know length, a remarkable and recent fact; it shows how you would pray for us. All having at once how our zealous and simple-hearted joined in this request, the colporteur immecolporteurs go to work, and the blessing that diately knelt down, and all was silence in the rests upon their humble and useful labours. room, not a sound was heard except the The brother colporteur of whom I am about noise of the tempest raging without, and to talk is now in Paris, and he is a faithful adding, as it were, by the contrast, to the servant of Christ. One day, in the latter end solemnity of this already so deeply affecting of November last, he was walking, with his scene. The colporteur poured out his heart bundle of Bibles and New Testaments on his before his heavenly Father, whose lovingback, along the shores of the ocean in Brit- kindness he had just so fully experienced. tany (La Bretagne); the weather was very When he got up from his knees, all were stormy, and at night he arrived broken down serious, and seemed deeply impressed. They by fatigue in a small town, and took up his asked him if he could not procure for them abode in a modest inn. After having put the book from which he had just read things aside his bundle, he was shown into a large so new and so astonishing? He then room, where forty guests were already seated acquainted them that his life was devoted to at supper round a table. They were all mer- the selling and the dissemination of that chants, and their object for coming was a book. He went to his bundle, and premarket that was to take place the next day. sented each of the forty with a New Our colporteur was seated at the lower end Testament. The price having been offered, of the same table. The merchants conversed he asked for one franc (ten-pence) a-piece. together in high spirits, first about their The unanimous answer was, "That is trades, then about politics, then about the not enough for such a precious book;" priests, and lastly about religion. Imme- and every one of the forty paid to diately impious jokes and horrible blasphe-francs for his New Testament, requesting the mies went the round of the table. Our dear colporteur to apply the forty additional francs brother suffered much in his soul, his conscience cried to him that he ought to speak for Christ and His Gospel, but he was frightened at the sight of those forty blasphemers he alone, and they all agreeing against his God; the more they went on in the over

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*This must not astonish English and especially Scotch readers. Millions in France are kept in such gross darkness by the lying priests of Rome, that they actually have never seen a Bible, nor know anything of it.-F. M.

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see the whole five plans proceed harmoniously in operation together. They are perfectly distinct, and need not interfere with one another.

And is there anything like enthusiasm in believing that such suggestions are perfectly practical, and such results practicable? To our mind they appear so very simple, and so certain of success, that we cannot so much as imagine what objection can be offered to them.

Will any one mature a plan on this subject to submit to next meeting of Synod? Or will any individual undertake to present the matter in some practical form to that Court? We think it would need nothing more to ensure that something effectual were done before the commencement of next winter.

to the gratuitous dissemination of the book regular in his attendance, and attentive to the among forty persons too poor to pay for it. prelections. He must also have pondered There you have my anecdote, Mr. Editor. over the subjects in private, have read the You may rely upon the exact truth of every works referred to by his professors, and thus particular; and among the thousands of facts by his own private studies have made himself related in connexion with the diffusion of the master of the subjects both in principle and Word of God, I know none more affecting in detail. But how can this be accomplished, nor more deeply interesting. I wish you if for his subsistence he is compelled to devote could hear yourself the candour and the the hours which are not demanded by actual humility with which our colporteur relates it, attendance on the classes to tuition or secular and humbles himself before God at the re- business? In such cases must not the stumembrance of his weakness when he first dents present themselves in the class ex- One thing is certain. Bursaries, or somemet these men. See how he was led on by hausted in mind and in body, and thus dis-thing equivalent, we must have. Not only the Spirit and the merciful direction of the qualified for that vigorous attention SO the Dissenters, but the Established Churches Lord; he was, as it were, forced to speak- urgently demanded? While, besides, their of the three kingdoms, notwithstanding forced to expound the Word of Truth-inability for private study has deprived them their "tempting prizes" in after life, have forced into a personal and directly Christian of more than one half the advantages rea- been compelled to provide scholarships, exhiconversation with men who, but a few months sonably expected from a collegiate educa-bitions, and bursaries; and can it be supposed before, blasphemed against the God of tion. that we can dispense with them? Our sister heaven-forced to pray with them and for Church in Canada has set us an example them--and, lastly, forced to put the words of in this good work. May we be wise enough eternal life into the hands of each of these to emulate her! forty men. May we not rest confidently assured that he who finisheth the work he has begun will also finish this work of mercy, and that several, if not all of these forty ignorant men, will be, if they are not already, converted from darkness to light, and from death to life eternal? And who can say what a holy and extensive fire may have been kindled that blessed evening? I have thus given you a glimpse into the every-day growing worth of the Société Evangélique. I will only add this, that, to carry on that work, our Committee is at this moment labouring under the pressure of actual debt, and of engagements between this and the 15th of April next, amounting to one hundred thousand francs (4,000l.)!! If speedy and efficient aid is not sent in answer to our constant prayers, the work must be curtailed, and whilst the Lord of the harvest is opening his fields, and ripening the harvest, we must answer to the hungry and thirsty souls, who are loudly calling for the preaching of the Gospel, "We cannot send messengers of peace and mercy among you, for lo, we have no-MONEY!" But no, I am wrong to speak thus; I feel I am; the work is the Lord's, and the Lord will provide the means. He will move the hearts, and open the purse-strings of his children, for the hearts are his, and gold and silver are his. I have said enough. If I speak to Christians, they have heard me; and if they do not hear me, and listen seriously to this call, let them look to, and see if they are quite sure of being really Christians.


P.S.-Three or four lawsuits are going on against Christian ministers and others, for the crime of preaching the Gospel, or consenting to lend or hire their houses for the purpose. new crisis is appearingly before us. It is asserted by men, so situated as to be well-informed, that this fresh manifestation of the Romish enmity to the Word of God is the fulfilment of a promise made to the Pope by M. Rossi, in the name of our Government, and part of the return made for the so-called dispersion of our Jesuits. I cannot enter to-day upon this topic. I will (D.v.) take it up in my next.


THIE importance, indeed the necessity, of enabling a student to devote his undivided time and attention during the session to the business of his classes must be apparent, even to those who have not had themselves the experience of a learned education. To derive the full benefits of a course of study, it is not enough that the student should have been

These we are aware are mere truisms. They are not offered as containing anything novel. They need no proof. They carry their evidence along with them. There is not one of our readers who does not feel their force. How we do wish that action, appropriate action, always followed conviction; that when a man felt convinced of the truth and the propriety of a maxim, he would immediately reflect what course of conduct it demands, not of others, but of himself. Undivided attention to his studies is essential to the improvement of the student: that is one maxim which all admit. Many, not only of our present students but of such as we must expect to have in future, cannot without foreign aid devote their whole time to their studies: that is another maxim which no man can gainsay. But what is the personal and practical application which some of our readers ought to make of these maxims? We do wish they would save us the trouble of stating it.


A DEPUTATION from the ladies of the congregation waited upon their much-esteemed Pastor, the Rev. Dr. Hutcheson, at the manse, in Warrenford, and presented to him a splendid pulpit Bible and Psalm-book, with Brown and Patterson's marginal references from the Free Bible Press, at Coldstream, each bearing the following inscription :



Several plans have occurred to us by which bursaries might be provided, some of which we may mention in general terms without en- THE REV. ANDREW HUTCHESON, D.D., tering into details.

1st. Some individuals we could name might easily advance the sum necessary for the maintenance of one student, say fifty or sixty pounds. The sum is not large, and would be all required for books, &c. In this case, the bursary would be denominated after the name of the donor. Thus, the B- Bursary, or the D- Bursary, or the GBursary, or the H- Bursary, or the N Bursary, or the S- Bursary. This would be a noble application of funds to train up a soldier for the army of the Captain of Salvation. Or,

2d. Some congregations might raise by collection or otherwise the requisite sum for the education of one of their own juvenile members, of piety and promise, the bursary to take the name of the congregation. Thus, the St. P-—— S― Bursary, or the St. G- Bursary, or the R-- S Bursary.


3d. A Presbytery might adopt some promising young man from their own bounds, and engage to educate him. Or,

4th. A few individuals might by their joint contributions provide the requisite funds. Or,

5th. Some influential individual might,
like Mr. Hogg, of Newliston, in Scotland,
appropriate the whole scheme to himself, and

canvass for contributions, out of which a
number of bursaries could be provided. We
are certain that if any man of zeal were to
adopt such a scheme as his own, he could
most easily succeed far beyond his most san-
guine anticipations.

We confess, however, we would prefer to



As a token of esteem for his private character,
and a testimony of gratitude fer his able and
faithful services as their Pastor during the
long period of thirty years.

3d January, 1846.

Mrs. Hutcheson has also been presented with an elegant cut-glass cake-basket, with silver mountings, inscribed as follows:

Presented to Mrs. Hutcheson by the Sabbath scholars of Warrenford congregation, 3d January, 1846.

A HINT WHICH MANY MIGHT TAKE.-A Minister was about to leave his own congregation for the purpose of visiting London, on what was by no means a pleasant errand-to beg on behalf of his place of worship. Previous to his departure, he called together the principal persons connected with his charge, and said to them: "Now I shall be asked whether we have conscientiously done all that we can for the removal of the debt; what answer am I to give? Brother so-and-so, can you in conscience say that you have given all you can?" "Why, Sir," he replied, "if you come to conscience, I don't know that I can." The same question he put to a second, and a third, and so on, and similar answers were returned, until the whole sum required was subscribed, and there was no longer any need for their pastor to wear out his soul in going to London on any such unpleasant excursion.--Christian Witness.


A CORRESPONDENT of the Swabian Mercury writes from Berlin respecting the Ecclesiastical Council, which commenced its sittings there on the 5th ult., that the representatives of the Protestant Churches in South Germany find that matters are scarcely yet ripe for definitive arrangement, and says it would have been better had the Assembly been fixed for a later date. The country is in a state of religious fermentation, and the example of Königsberg, where a new Protestant Church or sect has arisen, will not long want imitators. It is believed Breslau and Halle will soon witness similar movements. The founder of the new Protestant Church in Königsberg is Dr. Rupp, who, being threatened with deposition on account of nonconformity, called together his adherents on the 2d ult., and procured their signature to a declaration, wherein, "in the name of God, who inspires men with power and courage through the truth, and in the name of Jesus, who brings to men the gift of eternal life;" they renounced their connexion with the Established Church, because it seeks to hinder, by its regulations, the free preaching of the Word. They declare their determination to preserve to themselves that holy legacy of the Reformation, and, while honouring the subordinate standards as an exposition of the faith of their fathers, they will know only one law, the Word of God in the Holy Scriptures. They

call on their fellow-citizens not to withdraw

from them their confidence, since they have obeyed the call of the Eternal in separating themselves from a Church which they believe to be acting on unscriptural principles. The number of members of the new Church is already 600. Men's minds are in a very agitated state, and we know not what next to expect.

The Supreme Criminal Court of Breslau has determined to call John Ronge before it, to answer for the publication of his "



I had


and may be the means of saving you. The | however beautiful, can convey. For they are
case I have mentioned is one of those which the very words of God's people in all ages
require some extraordinary emergency to which are employed; sung, they may have
bring them out. "I felt," said my friend, been, in many languages, yet still with but
"that I must be an altered man or perish. one language of the heart. When we think
But as to your anxious seat, I despised it. I that a congregation is engaged in singing the
could never so degrade myself as to come same psalms as were used by believers in the
down to it. The pride of my heart instinc- Old Testament Church when by faith they
tively revolted from it. Against that par- anticipated the promised Saviour; the same
ticular thing I was prejudiced." Perhaps, words as the apostles-the martyrs-our
then," I replied, "it was that particular suffering forefathers-even our Lord himself
thing which, though unimportant in itself, sung; this surely ought to impart a deeper
was the necessary instrument of humbling tone of feeling an increased solemnity, well
the pride of your heart; as I have heard of a becoming the celebration of the praises of the
lady, indeed I even knew her, who was seized Most High. We should like to see created
with a most bitter prejudice against the act amongst our people a greater taste and relish
of kneeling-it was no doubt the expression for this engagement, which by some is
of the enmity of her heart against that God despised, and by many much neglected. It
to whom she was unwilling to bow it-the is surely becoming that the human voice, the
hatred of the thing signified extending to the finest of all instruments, be trained to sing
thing itself, and it used to be said that she its Maker's praise, more especially in those
continued in an agitated and distressed state solemn simple tunes-rich in melody-for
of mind, nursing her rebellion against God, which the psalmody of Scotland has always
until that knee was bent to the ground, but been remarkable. All who have visited those
it is more probable that, as her heart gave districts which have been blessed with a
way almost unconsciously, she sank to the spiritual awakening, have remarked the
posture of a suppliant before the eternal heartiness with which the people engaged in
throne, a penitent for sin, and an implorer of this part of the public worship, as if the Lord
pardon. So in your case, with the increasing had indeed "put a new song into their
energy of Christian prayer, the augmented mouth;" and that which is the chief employ
urgency of the Holy Spirit, the foundations ment of the redeemed Church above, should
of your pride gave way, and, as the old tyrant surely be engaged in with fervour and spirit
began to tremble on his throne, you felt by the Church below.
moved to take that decisive step, and as you
came out from the world, and declared your-
self on the side of Christ, he was precipitated
to the dust, never, I hope, to rise and reassume
his gloomy despotism over your heart."

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We are happy to find that the representa-
tions which have been made from time to
time on the impropriety and disgrace of the
Never, I hope; no, never, if I can trust connexion which subsisted between our Go-
the promises of him, the high and lofty One, vernment and Buddist superstitions in Ceylon,
who has pledged himself to dwell with the have at length produced a decided result.
humble and contrite heart. I felt that if ever Lord Stanley appears to have become fully
I was brought so low as to be willing to sit alive to the ridiculous position of the Queen's
in that seat, it would not only be the strong-representative at Kandy, when he was re-
est evidence but the greatest act of humilia- quired to exhibit the sacred relic of Buddha's
tion I could present to men. I needed that tooth to the credulous. His Lordship has
particular thing to humble me, or something therefore sent out peremptory orders that this
equivalent to it. And whatever other objec- connexion, which served to strengthen the
tions men may bring against the anxious local superstitions, at the expense of our
seat,' it is not, in my opinion, of any force to national character, should absolutely cease;
say, that genteel and intelligent 'men despise that the Chief Priests should no longer be
it, for so did they the Gospel itself, and all appointed under the seal and signature of the
connected with it."
Governor of Kandy; that the Government
agent should no longer be permitted to offi
ciate in his official character in Buddist cere
monies, and that the Keys of the Shrine
should no longer remain in his custody. The
Queen's Government has at length adopted
the sound principle that the religious affairs
of the Buddist community should be managed
by a Committee of their own laity and priest
hood. The Chiefs and Priests, to whom this
communication was made at Kandy by his
Excellency in person, expressed their sur
prise at it, and a meeting was subsequently
necting Buddism from the Government; the
held, to petition the Queen against discon
result of this memorial may be easily fore-
seen.-Friend of India.

Nor was it, as I said, so much under the
influence of a sudden and impulsive emotion,
that my friend undertook this step, as of a
deliberate determination no longer to post-
pone the mighty interests of his soul. Ah,
that indefinite postponement! With what
hapless multitudes is it tantamount to a re-
jection of heaven! This man, known, re-
spected, loved, came forth under a sense of
duty, and declared himself for the Lord. We
felt encouraged. We looked for greater
things. We expected that God would con-
tinue to exhibit his power. As to our
tracted meetings," as these continuous re-
ligious meetings have been called, worldly
men could not object to them, for they were
holding their political meetings almost
night, and protracted through months.-
New York Evangelist.

It was in the autumn of 1840, that
occasion to pay a visit to the city of R-
a city of polished hospitality, as well as of
increasing enterprise. We had held a series
of religious meetings in the church of
Invitations were given to those who desired
an interest in the supplications of the people
of the Lord, to sit together near the desk.
Among those who accepted the call, was one,
a gentleman of fine manners, of high respect-
ability in society, and of the profession of the
law. That movement of his to the front seat
was nothing of impulse. Nor was it simply
an expression of his compliance with the letter
of the invitation. He did indeed desire the
prayers of Christians, but that feeling would
not probably have brought him to the humble
seat of the anxious. He had not for some
time been insensible to the high claims of re-
ligion. He had, in moments of solitude, or
in the hour of affliction, reflected with unusual
emotions on his lost condition; and could he
have unbosomed the secrets of his heart to
some pious confidential friend and adviser,
his faltering steps might soon have been -No metrical version of the Psalms equals
quickened into the strong race of the Chris- that used in the Scottish churches for accu-
tian, running not for a corruptible, but an in-racy, simplicity, and pathos. It is as close to
corruptible crown.

Reader, if your heart is labouring with spiritual anxiety; if ever some tender impressions are felt there; if the voice of the Spirit but whispers, "Now is the accepted time," go to your pastor and tell all. It will cheer him,


QUESTIONS FOR THE SABBATH-SCHOOL TEACHER. Have I been faithful and diligent in my duties? Have I been regular and punctual in my attendance? Have I studied the lessons of my class? Have I sought to impress the hearts, as well as to enlighten the understandings of my scholars? Have I gained their confidence and affection? Have I inquired into their conduct during the week? Have I been a living epistle of the truths I have taught, and thus instructed by example as well as by precept? Have I interceded with God, to bless to each one indi

the original as the authorized version in the
Bible; and, therefore, in the singing of these
Psalms of David (and we may add the para-
phrases, which in most cases are literal trans-
lations of Scripture) there are associations
awakened, which no human compositions,vidually my labours?

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