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GENERAL AND LOCAL SCHEMES, PER ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SCOTCH CHURCH, REGENT SQUARE.
REV. DR. CHALMERS PREACHING TO prematurely old appearance, spoke of abject
(FROM A CORRESPONDENT OF OBSERVER.)
poverty, neglect, and familiarity with vice.
Edinburgh, December, 1845. ON the morning of the 2d of November, I left my residence in the New Town, and after a long walk by way of York-place, Prince's-street, and the Mound, I found myself in the midst of those high houses, so long associated with every visitor's recollections of the Old Town of Edinburgh. Ascending the High-street and Castle-hill, I had the most commanding view of a city and country interesting in the extreme, but so frequently described that it would be needless now to say anything on the subject. It was the Sabbath-day, and although the beauties of nature and art were heightened by the loveliness of the morning-although the eye could scarce help being riveted by the beauties of hill and dale, sea and shore, towers, spires, and mountains,-yet the mind, bent upon other objects, permitted but a passing thought now, and a promise, when a more convenient season occurred, that this scene of surpassing beauty should be fully enjoyed.
I descended the Castle Hill, by means of stairs, and then going down a steep lane, I found myself in the street called the Grassmarket, a place memorable in history and romance. Turning to the right I entered a narrower street called the West Port of Edinburgh, well known also from times
Here the houses are not remarkable for height, but dark and dingy in appearance, they are evidently the abodes of the poor and the vile. Indeed, to this place there attaches an unenviable notoriety; and like your "Five Points," it has been considered as the haunt of those who prey upon their neighbour's substance; and crimes of the deepest dye have here been perpetrated. I felt almost horrified when I entered this street and looked into its "closes" and dark entries. All now was quiet, and little betokened the real character of the place, except an occasional haggard-looking man, an ill-clad woman, or a child whose misthriven and
Numbers were now making for entrance with faces of pleased expectation. Carriages drove up, and well-dressed ladies and courtly gentlemen alighting, were soon hid beneath the dingy roof. We pressed onward, and more numerous became the crowd. Soon we emerged, and placing an offering into the plate which was there to receive contributions, we entered a doorway and found ourselves in a large, well-lighted, but low-roofed room, in which were seats arranged in every part, and which was already nearly filled with a mixed crowd of the poor and the rich. Onward we pressed until we got to the upper part, and there I took my seat on one of the benches which were arranged on the sides and in front of a small pulpit. I felt happy that I had been thus far favoured. The house and passages were soon entirely filled, and a solemn silence showed the feelings of each heart.
Five minutes passed away uninterrupted. Then a movement was observed, and on looking up my eye rested on a man who, for nearly forty years, has stood conspicuous before the admiring gaze of the Protestant world. What Scotchman,-what Presbyterian,—what Christian,-does not feel his soul thrill when he hears the name of Chalmers? Much honoured name! A cold heart it must be that would not beat more rapidly while gazing on the countenance of this man of God!
Preceding the Doctor, and carrying the Bible, was another devoted minister: he who from Sabbath to Sabbath preaches and ministers to a congregation made up of what is called the scum of the city. And it is only on some stated occasions that he gets another to take his place and preach salvation.
It had been announced the day previous that Dr. Chalmers would be here, and that a
| collection would be taken up purposes connected with the spread of the Gospel in this wilderness portion of the city. Public worship commenced, and while the portions preparatory to the sermon were being attended to by the presiding minister, Dr. Chalmers sat with the congregation. The prayers and psalms being ended, the Doctor gave his text from John, i. 15, "Repent, and believe the Gospel."
Nearly twenty years ago I had seen that countenance, not more distinctly marked with all the proofs of highest intellect, than with benevolence, and thoughtful, earnest kindness. Twenty years ago I had sat among the crowd of entranced listeners, who followed wherever they knew he was to preach. Twenty years ago I had heard that voice pleading with sinners, and praying to God for the influence of his Spirit. In that period oh what changes had taken place! But that countenance is brighter than it ever was; that expression more heavenly. Communion with God has sublimated, as it were, the whole man, and his snowy locks add beauty to the picture. And now listen to those powerful words of earnestness. Oh, there is no change there, or if there be, it is in an additional unction to every thing which comes, fresh as then, from the vast recesses of his most wonderful mind.
The Doctor divided his subject into two parts-repentance and faith,—and he showed the beautiful agreement between them, and how both were necessary, in order that the sinner be saved. He showed very clearly that the word repentance is often misunder stood, owing to the poverty of our language. That it has several meanings, and as many words to express it, in the original. That the repentance which needeth not to be repented of, is not only sorrow for sin, but a forsaking of sin, and having the heart renewed. That the whole Bible shews this, &c., &c. He spoke much on this subject, and his illustrations were striking. And ever and anon he enforced that our repentance would avail us nothing, unless we "believe the Gospel." The Doctor observed that at some other season he would speak more fully as to the time when we should repent, saying for the present, in a summary
manner, that "now" is the time. To the second part he next gave his attention, and here he spoke with the voice of a pleader, beseeching all to come to the Saviour, who willeth not the death of any, who says, "Turn ye, turn ye, why will ye die." "True," he said, "ye have no power to save yourselves, but come to the fountain which is opened for you." In the warmest, but at the same time, the most chaste and beautiful language, he besought his congregation to come to the Lord Jesus Christ. He entreated the people to be in earnest, and they would most assuredly find the Lord gracious and willing to help them by the influence of his Holy Spirit. Free grace,-grace free to all, was the burden of his theme, and surely the Spirit of God was with him. The congregation were perfectly absorbed, and when in closing he prayed his Father "to break the hard heart, and to bind up the broken heart," more than one heavy sigh told of hearts there that felt much, though a sense of decency and decorum prevented them from giving way to their feelings.
Before dismissing, the Doctor told us that schools for the poor, in this portion of the city, had done much good, and there were at least three hundred poor children in attendance, and that a sum is now about to be collected to supply this neighbourhood with a library.
and simoniacal practices in the Church of for a sum, left in blank, to be paid to him, in
A TRIAL took place at the last assizes of the Herault which created great sensation. The following are the circumstances of the case, as stated in the indictment:-Emelie Vidal, the daughter of a man of large property at St. Pons, was married to M. Corbiere, a physician, and in due time had a child, of which she became so fond as to neglect all her other duties. To divert her mind into the right channel she was placed particularly under the direction of M. Dousset, the curê of the village of Felines d'Hautpoule, near St. Pons, in which the Corbieres lived, with the hope of exciting in her the religious sentiments in which she was deficient. Soon after wards the child died, and the priest took the opportunity for turning the affections, or THE DISCIPLINE OF THE CHURCH OF himself, and ultimately succeeded in seducing rather the passions, of the mother towards
Edinburgh, Scotland,-the world, owes much to Dr. Chalmers. His unwearied exertions in the cause of the poor, for more than thirty years, have done much to meliorate their condition. The blessing of those who were ready to perish rest upon him; God spare him yet for many years to his country and the much-revived Church of his fathers, free now, as it ever should have
A SERIES of trials have appeared in the
her. Availing himself of the influence he
A PROPER LEADER OF PSALMODY.
A PRECENTOR ought to be a musician-not an individual who has nothing but a good voice to recommend him, but a musician in the broadest sense of the term-one who is thoroughly versant in the science, and is capable of teaching the art of singing; for he that would attempt instructing others on any subject must be intimately acquainted with that subject in all its parts, else his progress will be very small indeed. A teacher of singing, besides being perfectly familiar with the art, must be able to speak, to explain succinctly and lucidly various things that his the course of instructing a class, there will pupils may find difficult to comprehend. In necessarily be many demands of this kind upon him. I know some excellent musicians who cannot grammatically arrange three sentences. Mere capability of leading a congregation is not all that is requisite in precentors. But it will naturally be inquired-Is a precentor with the above qualifications to be expected for 157. or 20l. a-year? Certainly not; -40. or 50l. is little enough. This would make him independent of other means of support, and would allow him to devote his time and energies to the one subject. Were such a sum offered, it would induce men of talent to qualify themselves for the office. "Bless me," I hear some one exclaiming, "what a sum to give a precentor!" My good Sir, reflect a little. Don't some of our congregations expend about that amount on music as it is? Have not they large bands, which are not kept without considerable expense? Now, had they for a precentor a thorough musician, at a musician's salary, he would have nothing else to do but teach the people to sing; and I doubt not but he would find this work enough. He could have a number of practisings every week at the proper season; and there is no question but these would be well attended, espe cially by the young, from the interest that a real musician's teaching would impart to them. They would be quite different affairs from most of those of the present day, where perhaps three-fourths don't open their mouths at all. He would thus, in the course of time, be able to form the whole church into a bandwhich is the only kind of band that ought to be tolerated in the house of God.--Correspondent of the Greenock Advertiser.
SCOTLAND, ITS FAITH AND ITS
"RELIGION IN SCOTLAND.
tion down to bribery most base, are employed to wean, not the parents, but their children from attending Dissenting places of worship. Owing to the rapid increase of scholars the supply of books necessary for the right work ing of the Sabbath-school, though greatly increased by the liberality of many friends, is still lamentably short. It is earnestly hoped that this notice may incline some kind Christian friend to forward Bibles, New Testaments, Shorter Catechisms, and books for private reading, suited to the capacities of children, all of which are absolutely required.
diligently, both in conversation and in books | Meeting is in general attended by all the -the doctrine so generally recognised, and teachers. Children absent from the classes so closely embraced in Scotland is this:-It are regularly visited and inquired after. Each [THE following extracts are from a newly-is held that the guidance and rule of the teacher at the weekly Meeting has his or her published work, entitled "Scotland, its Faith Lord Jesus Christ may be expected by the report to give in. It is not easy to foretel and its Features; or, a Visit to Blair Athol." Church, acting expressly as a Church, in a the importance of this Institution so devotedly By the Rev. Francis Trench. Mr. Trench, manner after which it could not be expected and methodically conducted, at a time when we believe, is a clergyman in Hampshire, and to be exercised upon any ruling power or means of every sort, from threatened starvais already known to his countrymen as the authoritative body formed and maintained author of two pleasant volumes descriptive of for general objects of government and legis his journeyings in Spain. His visit to Scot-lation. And furthermore, I believe it to be land was paid in the autumn of 1845.] held that a distinct mode of administering spiritual and ecclesiastical matters is set forth in the Word of God, in a manner which must "The various religious professions, deno-be upheld with the most strict accuracy of minations, or Churches to which the upper obedience to his holy will. On these subjects classes in Scotland belong, present a singular no interference can be admitted, nor in any contrast to the uniformity in that matter thing which directly or indirectly bears upon generally prevalent in England. In England, them; for instance, in the "intrusion" (as it the far greater number of persons in that is called) of a minister in any parish against rank are of the Established Church; and, if the will of the Presbytery or the parishioners. you may hear any other account regarding The persons, whose tenets on these questions any person in that class, their case is consi- I now endeavour to describe in a plain, pracdered as peculiar. Under ordinary circum- tical manner, do not claim for the visible stances, you are accustomed to take it for ruling body in their Church anything like granted that all present are of the Established Popish infallibility. They admit, in the Episcopal Church, Dissent only extending to strongest terms, their liability to err, but a small and limited number among the upper maintain that whether they may act rightly classes of England. There are no less than or wrongly, still the great principle of acting four distinct Protestant bodies (speaking as independently of any superior powers must to the religious profession of each), to which be asserted in the Church, and thus that the persons of corresponding rank in Scotland, honour and prerogative of Christ, as the sole met in society during a stranger's sojourn in Head of the Church, is maintained, and that Edinburgh, are respectively attached. Some He is thus honoured, and the crown rights are Scottish Episcopalians, some are English of the Redeemer' (according to their common Episcopalians, that is, removed from con- language) upheld in their inviolable and nexion with the Scottish Episcopal Church, everlasting prerogative." as, for instance, Mr. Drummond's congregation. Some are Presbyterians, adhering to the Established Church, and some belong to the Free or Secession Church."
"THE PROSPERITY OF THE FREE CHURCH.
"And here, with one remark, I end this part of the subject, which remark is, that among all parties, whether in this country, or whether elsewhere, whether among the friends and advocates, or whether among opponents
of the Free Church, one testimony is never
withheld; I mean a recognition of its wonderful prosperity. On all sides a feeling of absolute surprise prevails at the progress which it has made, at the activity displayed in its behalf both at home and abroad, and at the large pecuniary means placed at its disposal. Some will account for these results in one way, and some in another; some will prognosticate the most signal advance of its principles, power, and success; others will prophecy future coldness on the part of its adherents, diminution as to the zeal in its behalf, and failure of its resources. I pronounce here no opinion on these matters, but I only record as a fact its remarkable prosperity at this present time, admitted by all, whether friends or foes. Its friends, though formerly expecting much, yet now constantly refer to their lack of faith, and declare it as having been small indeed in proportion to present results. Its adversaries own that their former expectations of its being but a transient excitement have all proved erroneous. The vessel is now sailing forth in full and gallant trim. The eyes of the world are on it. A cloud of witnesses is gazing intently on its course, and history will have to record its rise and progress among the great religious and political events of our present time, even were it as this very day to be no more, and to cease."
64 THE DOCTRINES OF THE FREE CHURCH.
"So far as I, a stranger, can ascertain the truth on this subject and I have sought it
ON the evening of Tuesday, 24th ult., the
RELIGION ON THE CONTINENT.
AT a recent Meeting of the Free Pres bytery of Glasgow, Mr. Lorimer gave an interesting detail of religious movements on the Continent. He commenced by reading the following extract:-
"Since the publication of its last report the Société Evangélique has added to its work seven schools, fourteen stations, and has engaged in a temporary or permanent manner more than thirty labourers of different func
tions. This increase of the work has been
principally in the Haute Vienne, Yonne, and Charente Inferieure. In Haute Vienne, three things have confirmed the work in the stations already existing, the opening of the new school of Villefavard, and of the churches of Balledent and Limoges. One of the pastors whom the Committee has sent into one of the new stations some months ago, writes thus:- I could not have been better received than at Thiat. There is a population of nearly four hundred, and I do not know one who was not happy at my arrival. At nexion), Gateshead; Rev. Mr. Frogget (In- several places in the neighbourhood, the dependent), Morpeth, upon Christian charity whole population declares for us. We can and candour. Rev. James Anderson, Morpeth, count eight or ten villages who are ready to then gave a rapid sketch of the history of Presa man. I confine myself to this number for byterianism in England. He was followed by fear of exaggeration. I have just been going Rev. Jas. Blyth, who addressed the Meeting through the company accompanied by a colupon the conversion of the Jews. The Rev. porteur. Everywhere there is the same Jas. Huie, Wooler, then gave a most admir- spirit as at Thiat. People shrug their shoulable address upon the subject of "Home ders when they speak of our little church, Missions," which was listened to with deepest although it is one of the largest in Haute attention, and called forth loud applause. Vienne. "Where will you put," they say, "all The Rev. D. Lennie, Glanton, wound up the this crowd which declares for you?" proceedings of the evening by an address In the department of Yonne we find the same upon the distinctive peculiarities of Presby-wants--the same eagerness to hear preached terianism. Although there were present the mercy of the Saviour-the same proofs of members of the different congregations in the encouragement and hope of spiritual blesstown, and on the platform were the Revds. ings. The Evangelist who was sent to Messrs. Donaldson (Relief), Richards (Inde- Aillant, writes Your Committee will hear pendent), Ker (United Secession), Lucas with gratitude that the work of evangelization Wesleyan), and Grundy (New Connexion), here gives me the greatest hope. Our meetthe utmost harmony prevailed, and the ings are become so numerous that people go an hour and a-half before the hour fixed for greatest good feeling was evinced. worship. At least a hundred persons cannot find room. All the surrounding parishes show the same dispositions. I cannot tell you what enthusiasm is shown at the news of a visit from a Protestant minister. I was expected lately at S. The report spread three hundred people collected; and three that I was to be there, and more than have made access difficult. On hearing this, men cleared away the mud, which would Mr. V. and I went to pay some visits in that commune, and everywhere were received as well as possible. It is impossible to undertake the evangelization of a country in more
Next evening 235 children attending the Sabbath-school in St. James's Church held their first Annual Meeting in the Town Hall, when, after tea, addresses were delivered by the Revds. Messrs. Thomson, Blyth, Gillespie, Mr. Murray, and Huie. This Sabbath-school months back it did not number more than is in a most flourishing state. Twelve 240. The zeal and devotedness of the teachers fifty scholars; it now numbers upwards of (about thirty in number), male and female, is worthy of all commendation. They hold a weekly Meeting in the vestry of the church for prayer and mutual improvement; this
favourable circumstances. Indeed, I know not where this movement will stop, and how it will be possible to supply all the demands; but you will not leave me alone, without doubt.' We shall quote some passages of a letter from the pastor of Sens :-I have made a tour with our colporteur in the department of Aube. As I am strong enough, I take my turn of the colporteur's load, and share the fatigue with him. We go from village to village, speaking to all whom we meet of the grace of God to sinners. We are asked questions; the neighbours assemble, and numerous groups are thus formed in the village. We are asked, 'If this religion is true, why have we not heard of it sooner?' Often we have the joy of seeing our hearers touched, and beg us to remain in their village. The Committee believes that whatever may be the motives which lead all these communities to inquire after truth, the work is not an exterior and formal one a simple change of religious denominations-but it is in a great many souls an interior and real work-a change of dispositions and of life-a true conversion to Christ. Under this impression one of our agents wrote recently."
Thus it would be perceived that the work is spreading from one department to another. But passing from France to Geneva, they were aware of the existence of a Society in Geneva presided over by Dr. D'Aubigné, and which is called the Geneva Evangelical Society. The labours of this Society are devoted chiefly to France, and the same blessings which attend those of the Society of France attend the German Society. He had received very recent communications from this Society, and he found for instance, that in a small town, the name of which he did not at present remember, two schools have been established under its auspices-a school for adults and a school for children. They were only started on the 1st of January, and already eighty pupils are in attendance, many of them untaught Roman Catholics, who in six weeks were able to read the New Testament tolerably well. An interesting circumstance was also mentioned in regard to the attendance on Divine ordinances on the week-days as well as the Sabbath. The place of worship is quite full, to which the people travel the distance of six miles over very difficult and rough roads under the cloud of night, and all the worshippers take the most lively interest in the cause. A circumstance was noticed in the correspondence of a poor widow, who earned an humble livelihood by labouring on the Sabbath, as well as the other days of the week. Her conscience came to be awakened as to the obligation of the Sabbath, and though at great sacrifice, as she believed, yet, on principle, she renounced the course of Sabbath desecration she had followed, and the Lord blessed her exertions on the other days of the week so much, that the evangelist of the place where she resided was one day surprised when she came to him, and said that she had a contribution which she wished to give to the cause of God. He expected to receive two francs or so, but to his surprise she put down eighty francs, which is equal to about 37. 68. 6d. of our money, and begged him to put down that sum as her donation to the cause of Christ. The communications from Geneva testified also to the extent of the religious movement in other departments. Unwilling to be retaining money in their hands when the wants of the Continent so pressing, without waiting for the Meeting of the General Assembly the
country in the world where the power of the example of the Free Church was more needful than Germany, for slavery is the word which the spouse of Christ wears on her fore head, and so long has she been accustomed to it, that she, like the negro slave, no more feels the weight and blemish of her chains. Everything like a Church government is in the hands of State Ministers are his servants, and are, indeed, officially called so. No deliberations, no decisions, no steps, no efforts whatever, may be taken by the Church, as such. She is no more than a branch of the political administration, like the police, or the Home Department. This begins to be felt, but by whom? not by the faithful servants of Re-Christ, generally speaking, but much more by Infidels, who feel that they have not even the liberty to be and to act as such, and who cry aloud for a free constitution of the Church. This is the cause of a very serious opposition, particularly in Prussia and Saxony, to which I was alluding above. Thanks be
Committee had, a few weeks ago, sent 2007. to the Evangelical Society of France, 2007. to that of Geneva, 100% to the Book Society of Toulouse, 100%. to the Evangelical Society of Belgium, besides various other sums. Passing thence to the Canton de Vaud, Mr. Lorimer, among other things said, that one of the most interesting points connected with the movement was an effort made a few weeks ago by the Residuary Church there to prevail on the faithful to return. They in the first place used their influence with the State to make some concessions, so as to allow those who had made their demission to return to the State Church. But he rejoiced to say that the State treated this overture with disdain. These same siduaries addressed a circular to the demitting pastors, setting various reasons before them, and imploring them to return to their charges. Some might be afraid of the influence of such a movement, but he had no fear; and, he rejoiced to say, that the result, so far as accounts had been received, was most satisfactory. Not one of the demitting pastors had been moved by these overtures. So far from this, another of the Professors-of Church History-had given in his demission, so that the theological faculty of that College is now reduced to one. Three of the Professors have come out and joined the Free Church. Then of the candidates going into the vacant charges, out of 259 pastors and ministers, there are only eighty-seven connected with the official Church who are capable for active duty. There are nine more, but these are so infirm that they are unable for duty. It was easy, therefore, to see that there must be many vacancies; however, there were only eleven candidates to supply them. Several of the candidates were from France, and it was remarked of them that they were not known for their orthodoxy. One of them a poor fanatic, thinks himself a prophet,and the other two are students in divinity, the one a Socinian. These are the men who are to supply the places of the demitting ministers. The Reformers continue to receive warm expressions of sympathy from France and Germany. The King of Prussia has sent them twelve thousand francs, which, in our currency, amounts to five hundred pounds. And through his Ambassador, his Majesty has used some influence with the Council of State to bring about an adjustment. This intervention has, however, been dishonoured. Mr. Lorimer then read the following extract from the letter of a German Correspondent, as showing the influence which the Free Church movement had exercised on the state of things in that land:
"From the very beginning of the noble and Christian movement which has forced you as a Church of Christ from the bondage of earthly powers to this hour, I have followed your steps with a heartfelt joy and a warm thankfulness towards our Lord and Redeemer. The blessings with which He has crowned your faithfulness' are not limited to your country. Your example has enlightened, convinced, rejoiced, strengthened the hearts of many thousands in our continent, and thrown an immense weight in the balance of opinion concerning the true station and character of a Christian Church in our times. The independency of the Church of Christ, which has been for centuries enslaved under political powers-this is the chief question in our days-a question which in Germany may become the cause of awful revolutions. May our merciful God prevent them, and for this end give wisdom and grace to his servants, and to the rulers of the nation! There is no
unto God our beloved Lord and Saviour has also his faithful witnesses who become every day more numerous and decided in the Church; and in the schools of learning of our universities there are very few in which young men may not find one or many learned professors, who lead them to the fountain of the living Word of God. There is much to hope from that quarter for the next generation, and even for our own."
Mr. Lorimer proceeded, It was not necessary to say anything of the new German Catholics after what he had submitted to the Commission, either in reference to the sound or the unsound parties in that movement. He expected to have a great door of influence opened up in connexion with the circulation of the Scriptures, which was necessary not more for the sake of the Roman Catholics than for the sake of the Protestants. It was melancholy to learn how little reading of the Scriptures there was even among the Lutherans. In the churches generally there was not a single Bible to be seen except in the pulpit. Only some 280 passages of the Scriptures were allowed to be preached from by the ministers during a whole life time, and it remained for the Germans to boast that they were not ignorant of the Bible, because they had read it at school, and were examined on it before confirmation-with them the Bible had then served its purpose. Now, the most interesting feature in this movement was, that it took its origin in the extensive dissemination of the Scriptures, and one of the first acts of the reform party had been to get the New Testament translated into German, and packets of the Scriptures are now from day to day being sent to the different congregations that are anxiously inquiring for them.
THE Cambridge Advertiser says, penter residing at Ely, near Bartingale, being lately taken ill, imagined that a woman, named Gotobed, whom he had ejected from one of his houses, had bewitched him. Some matrons assembled in the sick man's chamber agreed that the only way to protect him from the sorceries of the witch was to send for the blacksmith and have three horse-shoes nailed to the door. An operation to this effect was performed, much to the anger of the supposed witch, who at first complained to the Dean, but was laughed at by his Reverence. She then rushed in wrath to the sick man's room, and, miraculous to tell, passed the Rubicon despite the horse-shoes. But this
wonder ceased when it was discovered that, in order to make the most of the job, Vulcan had substituted donkey's shoes. The patient is now happily recovering.”
[Is it not lamentable to witness such gross superstition in the nineteenth century? Nothing but schools and churches, with living ministers and pious teachers, can save us from the dregs of the dark ages.-ED.]
CANTON DE VAUD.
THE following letter from one of the outed ministers in the Canton de Vaud to a friend in Switzerland gives an interesting view of the state of the Free Church there. That it should adopt some Confession of Faith will be generally admitted; and the re-adoption of the Helvetic Confession, of which it was deprived by the Government in 1839, appears to us the wisest course, and the most likely to obtain the concurrence of its adherents. At the same time, it is easy to see that, in the present state of things, there must be difficulties in the way of their coming to a unanimous determination, which, it is hoped, however, may ultimately be overcome :
"Some time before your letter of Feb. 25 reached me, I had heard good accounts of you from my good neighbour, Mr. G. I was quite sure your silence did not proceed from forgetfulness, for neither do we forget you in our silence. God be praised! you seem to be all well, since you speak of leaving home. The spring Meetings call you to England; may the Lord accompany you
"Here is a short account of our present
circumstances:-As for doctrine our friends may feel at ease; never has the pure Gospel been more generally, more simply, more faithfully received and preached among us,the time is not favourable to heresies, that is clear. We have prepared our declaration relative to the Confession of Faith of the Swiss Churches, we have signed it. I have presented it to those to whom I had engaged to present it. They have all signed it. I sent it back accordingly; but everything has been brought to a stand. The Commission requested the brethren to delay, because it was preparing something of the same import.
This last document is circulated at the conferences, it is willingly signed, but all have not seen it.-I myself, for example. I cannot, therefore, say distinctly what sort of thing it is. Only I must declare that, with regard to doctrine, I have no fear. With regard to the Church, we can at present do nothing, and that for the following reasons:"1. The ministers differ widely as to their degrees of knowledge, too widely for any joint measure being adopted without inconvenience. The time for enlightening those who are behind must be left to events. When Government has collected what remains from the wreck, and has constructed its building, the other building will have its materials selected and prepared; we must wait for that moment; just now we should
make bad work of it.
"3. Finally, Government interposes such obstacles as that nothing can be organized at present. We can neither have chapels for fixed and public places of worship. Wait, then, we must.
"You see then, honoured brother, it is the will of God that nothing be done rashly, that every one should get information, and that no determination can be come to but in an intelligent and solid manner. It becomes us to admire his ways,-He trains his people with marvellous wisdom. It would have been difficult to organize a Church amid such darkness as we were in. You would soon have witnessed offences and divisions. "But you will ask, what then are you doing? We are evangelising as well as we can. I have not been able to return to the 16th of November, first, because I had no place there in which to assemble the brethren; and, in the next place, because I had catechetical exercises and meetings here during the week, and five or six hours of preaching every Sabbath; besides, our friends from come here. I have been very happy in my work this winter, thank God, and then the Lord has hitherto given me the necessary health and strength. On Sabbath, at half-past eight, I have worshipped with my friends of the Gymnasium; † at ten, our little dwelling is filled by nearly eighty people. In the afternoon, I conduct Divine worship, sometimes in one place, sometimes in another; at five o'clock, a fourth service in the house of a neighbouring family; and, at seven in the evening, our house is filled again. The work then proceeds, but ere long we may have our difficulties. We read the Word of our God in course; many souls seem to love it more and more, and it is a pleasure to preach it to them in simplicity. My friends of the Gymnasium also give me much pleasure; but politics are a distraction and hindrance to them. Nevertheless, I hope, with God's help, to be of some use to them. The Bible is becoming clear to them, and they everywhere perceive its truth and its divinity. We go through a which does me good. There is more to do than I am able for. I still labour at l'Avenir according to my poor ability. We should like to bring it out every week, but we are poor. These are our principles: we will go wherever God shall lead us. We do not wish to form any plan beforehand. We will follow God's dispensations step by step. If He lead us to an entire separation from the State (which we believe and prefer) we will go with all our hearts; if He lead us to a union which leaves us at entire liberty to be faithful, still we will go. If He place us under persecution, we will say, Amen! If He calls us to prison, to exile, or to death, we hope that He will give us strength, and that we shall still be able to say, Amen! I feel that duty has brought me hither, and I thank our God for it. I have not come for nought. However, I do not wish to take the place of any of my brethren. I do not reckon on remaining here, if there shall be a sufficient number of pastors at Lausanne, and they shall have the liberty of preaching in public. is in a good state,-indifference has ceased, life seems to spread. After this the Lord will do with me as He shall find good. We are occupied with our answers to the appeals of the classes. It is said some of the pastors will return. It is said that many are shaken; may the Lord come to their help! I see, more and more, that there is no
LIBERALITY OF WESLEYAN
THE accounts of the Wesleyan Missionary Society for the year 1845 have just been made up, and it is with very lively pleasure that we communicate to our readers the gratifying results. Not only the supporters of that particular Society, but the friends of Evangelical missions generally, will rejoice to learn that the income of the Society has considerably exceeded that of any former year, and has amounted to the truly noble sum of one hundred and twelve thousand, eight hundred and twenty-three pounds. This sum has been derived from the ordinary sources of income at home and abroad, in the several items of which there has been generally an increase. The Juvenile Christmas and Newyear's offerings, included in the total, exceeded four thousand four hundred pounds. This financial prosperity has, as the Committee state in the forthcoming number of the Missionary Notices, "enabled them to defray the expenditure of 1845, to pay off the remaining balance of the old debt, the balance on the expenditure of the years 1843 and 1844, and the balance of the extraordinary expenditure on the Gold Coast and Ashanti Missions." We understand that the respective outlays thus referred to were as follows:
Expenditure of 1845,
Gold Coast and Ashanti
£104,366 19 0
4,775 4 3 2,914 11 5
THE Free Church of North Knapdale was opened on Sabbath, the 22d ult. by the Rev. Peter M'Bride of Rothesay. The day was stormy, and many of the people, having to cross an arm of the sea and come from a distance, were unable to get forward; yet the collection exceeded one hundred pounds; and an opportunity being given to those who were unable to attend on the 22d to contribute on the following Sabbath, the collection now amounts to 1311. 3s. 4d. sterling, the largest collection, it is believed, yet made at the opening of a Free church in the Highlands; and, taking the circumstances of the people into consideration, with the total absence of strangers or of wealthy people within the district, who could aid the collection, but a collection made from adherents to the Free The boys of the Latin school have requested the and small farmers, having no pretensions to Church, composed solely of labourers, cotters,
* The former parish of this minister. Christian instructions of this minister.