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"THE CROWN RIGHTS OF CHRIST."
"The crown rights of Christ!" how sweet is the phrase
"The crown rights of Christ" to defend for their Lord.
He is Lord of the earth,-of conscience the Lord,
port of the Jesuits, and speaking of their and deacons and other members, and was intrigues, says: "Thus, respect for Chris- honoured by the presence of Dr. J. R. Brown, tianity, and attachment to France, penetrated Greek Professor in Marischal College, Aber"IT was delightful to hear the Rev. J. Angell James thus everywhere. If at a future period political deen, the Rev. David Simpson, also of that expressing himself, How sweet is that word, "The causes were to take us to those shores, we city, and Dr. Smyttan, from Edinburgh. The crown rights of Christ!"'"* shall gather the fruit of these Evangelical chair was occupied by William Hamilton, seeds, and obstacles will more easily be over- Esq., Convener of the Union, and the meetcome. Such are the agents that Catholicism ing was opened by prayer, by the Rev. W. spreads everywhere, and which it inspires in Chalmers, of Edward-street, Portman-square. our favour. The most cunning, the most The Chairman having then shortly addressed active, the most extensive diplomacy would the meeting, the Report of the Committee not arrive at such results." (Hear, hear.) was read by Mr. David Aitken, the Secretary. The reason why Protestant missionaries did Amongst other matters, it embraced a review not make way among the people so rapidly as of the past proceedings of the Union, referred the agents of Popery, was thus well stated by to many important works in which it had Dr. Duff:-" We feel that we can do every-engaged, and to many schemes connected thing but convert. We can communicate Divine knowledge, silence objections, remove prejudices, produce the clearest intellectual conviction of the truth of Christianity; but, we cannot convert a single heart to God. We can come up so sharply to the very edge of conversion, that it seems as if we were not separated from it by a hair's breadth. And yet, after reaching and touching, as it were, its very border, that apparently infinitesimal line we cannot cross. There we stand still, gazing on helpless-impotent, and consciously incapable of further progress. And standing there, with such consciousness, it is with us not a cold deduction of reason, however valid, or a bare inference from Scripture, however sound, but a positive sensation, that nought but Omnipotent grace can cross the line, and savingly convert a soul to God. Oh! then, let the Church's prayer be offered up unceasingly for the vivid and copious manifestation of Jehovah's grace in the midst of us." (Hear, hear.) The object of the Protestant missionary was to convert the soul; that of the Popish agent to proselyte and bring within the visible pale of his community, without reference to a change of heart. (Hear.)
The Rev. PHILLIPS (Calvinistic minister from Wales) seconded the resolution, which was agreed to.
Major JERVIS moved a vote of thanks to the Hon. Chairman.
Dr. GREVILLE, of Edinburgh, in seconding the resolution, thought at so late an hour of the night, he should have contented himself with merely doing so; yet coming, as he did, from Scotland, and being the only Episcopalian that had addressed them, he could not avoid expressing his heartfelt satisfaction at perceiving the strong feeling of unanimity which pervaded them, and he trusted that it would last long and bless both themselves and their fellow-creatures. He needed hardly to say that it was with the most heartfelt pleasure he seconded the resolution.
The motion having been carried with acclamation,
The CHAIRMAN said, that in return for the cordial thanks so undeservedly showered upon him, he offered them his most sincere and heartfelt acknowledgments for the unmerited distinction they had that night allowed him to enjoy. They owed him no thanks. He had been one of them from the first; he was one of them still; and, till called to his long account, he would continue one of them to the last. (Applause.)
The Rev. J. HAMILTON then dismissed the assembly by pronouncing a benediction.
LONDON LAY UNION.
THE fourth annual meeting of the London Lay Union was held in Regent-square Church, on the evening of Tuesday, May 6. It was attended by several ministers of the Presbyterian Churches in London, many elders
with the Free Church of Scotland, and the
The Report was accompanied by a state-
The following Resolutions were then unanimously carried :
The times are portentous, the battle seems nigh;
A Presbyterian minister of the United States, American by birth, but of Scottish parentage, happening to be in New Orleans, was requested to visit an old Scotch soldier, who had wandered thither, and, having been attacked by the yellow fever, was conveyed to the hospital in a dying state. On announcing his errand, the sick soldier told him in a surly tone that he desired none of his visits; that he knew how to die without a priest. The minister replied that he was no priest, but a Presbyterian clergyman, come to read to him the word of God, and to speak of that eternity to which he seemed to be drawing near. The Scot doggedly refused all conversation, and, after lingering a few minutes, the minister was reluctantly compelled to take his leave. Next day, however, he called again, thinking that the reflections of the man on his own rudeness might secure a better reception on a second visit. But the soldier's tone and manner were equally rude and repulsive. He turned him3. Moved by the Rev. WM. CHALMERS; self in bed, with his face to the wall, as if and seconded by the Rev. D. SIMPSON, of determined to hear nothing, and relent noAberdeen ;-Appointing the elders and dea-thing. As a last effort to gain attention, the cons of each Church, with other gentlemen of the congregations, as the General Committee of the Union.
1. Moved by the Rev. JAMES HAMILTON, Regent-square; and seconded by the Rev. JOSIAS WILSON, River-terrace; That the Report and statements now read be adopted and printed under the direction of the Committee. 2. Moved by PROFESSOR BROWN, of Aberdeen; and seconded by the Rev. PETER LORIMER ;-The re-appointment of the Convener, the Treasurer, and Secretary.
4. Moved by the Rev. JAMES FERGUSON, of John Knox's Church; and seconded by Dr. SMYTTAN, of Edinburgh;-Re-appointing the Auditors, Messrs. Brownley, De Fleury, and Cotes.
5. Moved by Dr. A. P. STEWART; and seconded by the Rev. JOSEPH FISHER;-Vote of thanks to the Chairman.
The thanks of the Union were presented also to Professor Brown, the Rev. D. Simpson, and Dr. Smyttan, for their kindness in attending the meeting; and thereafter the Rev. James Ferguson having pronounced the benediction, the meeting separated.
The best thing yet said to us in the United States was said to-day by one of the senators on hearing our story. "Tell Dr. Chalmers that you should all come out to Kentucky, and we shall vote you a section of land, 500 acres a-piece, and you can make a New Scotland in the west, as the Puritans made a New England in the east."-Lewis's America and American Churches.
minister bethought himself of the hymn, well known in Scotland, the composition, it is supposed, of David Dickson, of Irvine, one of the worthies of Scotland :
Oh, mother dear, Jerusalem, When shall I come to thee? When shall my sorrows have an end? Thy joys when shall I see? This hymn his Scottish mother had taught him to sing when a child, to the tune of "Dundee." He began to hum his mother's The soldier hymn to his mother's tune. listened for a few moments in silence, but gradually turning himself round, his countenance relaxed, and, the tear in his eye, he inquired, "Wha learned you that?" My mother," said the minister. "And so did mine," replied the now softened and relenting soldier, whose heart was melted by the recollections of infancy, and who was now prepared to give a willing ear to the man that found the key to his Scottish heart.-Lewis's America and the American Churches.
* Extract from a letter of one of the Deputation of the Free Church of Scotland to England, 1844.
REPORT OF THE TREASURERS OF therefore depend on the amount of annual
THE following is the Report of the Treasurers of the College, which we were unable to include in our last number, together with the detailed statement of the contributions towards the support of that Institution, received from the various Presbyteries of the Church:
The Treasurers, in presenting to the College Committee their First Annual Report, may be allowed to congratulate the members, and the friends of Presbyterianism in England generally, on the measure of success which, so far, has attended the efforts made to support, and give stability to, the newly instituted Theological College. They have to report, that exclusive of fees from students, the total amount of contributions for the furtherance of this object has been 1,280l. 10s. 1d., of which 4681. 58. 9d. comprise annual subscriptions, and 812l. 4s. 4d. are donations. Amongst the latter, however, is included a sum of 150l. 8s. 1d., being the amount of congregational collections in various churches, which have fallen very far short of what had been expected: but as the interest these churches take in the welfare of the College will doubtless lead them to make similar and larger collections in future years, the present actual yearly income will be more clearly shown by adding the amount derived from this source to the annual subscriptions, seeing they are, properly speaking, of the same character. Thus divided, the annual subscriptions will amount to 6187. 13s. 10d., and the donations to 6611. 16s. 3d.
Inasmuch as the funds thus raised have exceeded the actual expenditure hitherto, the result, as we have already said, is so far satisfactory; but as it is evident that we cannot expect a repetition of such an amount of donations as have been received in the past year, and that the maintenance of the College must
subscriptions and congregational collections, we recommend to the Committee to use every means in its power, to make known, and to inculcate, the absolute necessity of an increase in these two modes of contribution. Apart from the donations, the funds would have been barely sufficient even for the comparatively small expenses of the past session: but these hereafter will be heavier, and to meet them, every effort on the part of all our Churches must be used, so to increase the amount of annual contributions, that the fixed machinery of the College may be rendered in every branch full and effective, and that they to whom its offices are entrusted may in all cases be sufficiently remunerated. It is only by such increased exertions on the part of the friends of Presbyterianism in England that the solid and permanent prosperity of the College can be secured: and when the great value of this Institution in furthering and advancing the interests of the Presbyterian Church is duly considered, surely its members will feel themselves constrained to adopt, and put in force, all possible means to attain the end in view, and to make the liberality of their contributions commensurate with the growing necessities of the case, and the high importance of the object to be promoted.
and establishment of a seminary, which, by the blessing of God, is fitted to rear, for their own spiritual welfare and edification, as also for those of their families, and their successors in the Presbyterian Church of England, a body of faithful and efficient men, who shall proclaim the glad tidings of the Gospel over the length and breadth of our land, which still remains so inadequately provided with the outward means of grace. And in order more effectually to secure this much desired result, we may be permitted to suggest to our friends in town and country districts, the advantagewe would indeed say, the necessity of setting on foot some well organized and efficiently worked agency in each congregation, by which a system of regular contributions in weekly or other periodical payments may be arranged and uninterruptedly carried on, for the furtherance of the object now in view, and of all other objects of Christian charity and benevolence, which they think worthy of their countenance and support.
In making this recommendation to individual congregations, we feel also very strongly, that it is necessary for the due management of the English Presbyterian Church's many and important interests, that an agent should be appointed by the Synod to superintend the operations of this and all other schemes she may undertake; and we venture earnestly to request the Committee's attention to this point, which probably they will take measures to consider in concert with the Committees of other Societies and Institutions in connexion with our Church.
From some congregations we regret to state that nothing at all has been received, either in the way of donation, or of annual subscription, and from others the amounts have been much smaller than we had looked for. We mention these things, not in any spirit of complaint, for we well know the embarrassing circumstances in which many Churches have been placed by the effects of the disruption in Scotland; and whilst the occasion requires us thus to refer specially to rural congregations, we would address an equally urgent call to others more favourably situated our earnest appeal to all being, that they will seriously consider the duty of aiding more liberally than ALEXANDER GILLESPIE, jun.,} Treasurers. hitherto, towards completing the organization | London, April 10th, 1845.
We recommend also to the General Committee, that they should nominate and appoint from the members of their own body, a small Finance Committee, who shall consult with the Treasurers in regard to passing events, and the general management of the funds of the College.
STATEMENT OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COLLEGE FUND, FROM THE VARIOUS PRESBYTERIES AND CONGREGATIONS.
FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND.
The General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland met on Thursday, the 22nd May, in the Assembly Hall, at Canon Mills, Edinburgh. The Rev. Henry Grey, the Moderator of the previous year, preached an able and appropriate discourse from the eighth verse of the Second Epistle of John. "Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward." The Hall was crowded by a most respectable and attentive audience.
The Assembly having subsequently been constituted with prayer, the roll of members was made up, and the late Moderator, the Rev. Henry Grey, thus addressed them, "Fathers and brethren, one duty more, according to the usual custom, remains for me to perform, to propose a Moderator for the present Assembly: and I have much pleasure in presenting to your choice an esteemed friend of my own, who is well known to all of
pleasure in proposing for the Chair Dr. Patrick McFarlan.
Mr. Fox MAULE, M.P., who, on rising, was greeted with cordial cheers, said, I have much satisfaction in performing the pleasing duty that has been devolved on me, of seconding the motion which has just been made from the chair; and in expressing my own opinion, I feel that I express also the opinion of the Church, that there is no one on whom we could more justly confer the honour of being Moderator of this Assembly. He is moderate and temperate in his counsels, calm in action, and one who will conduct the business of this important Assembly in a manner satisfactory, I am sure, to us all. His virtues and merits have been so well pronounced from the chair, that I will add no more than second the motion that has just been made, and which, I trust, will be unanimously adopted by this venerable As
you, and requiring no recommendation of
The motion being unanimously agreed to,
ESTABLISHED CHURCH OF
THE General Assembly of the Established Church of Scotland met also on the 22d May, in their Hall at Edinburgh; the Most Noble the Marquis of BUTE again represented Her Majesty as Lord High Commissioner.
The opening sermon was preached by Dr. John Lee, the late Moderator, who proposed Dr. Alex. Hill, Theological Professor in the University of Glasgow, as his succcessor in the chair. Dr. Ferrie, of Kilconquhar, seconded the motion, which was unanimously agreed to. The Queen's letter, conveying the usual gift of 2,000l., was read; and the Lord High Commissioner addressed the Assembly, assuring them of Her Majesty's determination to support the Church of Scotland.
The Assembly, without transacting any business of importance, adjourned to Friday.
Dr. M'Farlan was introduced by Dr. Cunningham, and took his seat, the members of Assembly, and the entire audience, rising on his entrance. The Moderator then addressed the Assembly in a speech of considerable length, in which he touched upon a great variety of topics connected with the experience and prospects of the Free Church. He took occasion to state that, instead of 470 congregations, corresponding to the number of out-going ministers at the time of the disruption, there are now 700 congregations, and 625 ordained ministers, and the number of adherents, old and young, may fairly be estimated at one-third part of the population of Scotland. About 500 churches have been built, and the expense of their erection has been entirely defrayed, in many instances, by the congregations. He referred to the necessity of an equal contribution, according to the means of each congregation, for the Sustentation Fund, and to the furtherance of the Church's Missionary Schemes; and afterwards called attention to the subject of Popery, in regard to the support it was receiving from Government, and the duty of resisting the endowment of Maynooth. The Moderator also alluded in affecting terms to the loss which the Church had sustained since last Assembly, by the deaths of Dr. Abercrombie and Dr. Welsh, and announced that M. Merle D'Aubigné would be present in the Assembly next week. On Friday, the Assembly met at one o'clock, and was engaged for some time in devotional LIVERPOOL.-The late Mr. Turner.-Died exercises, which were conducted by the at Liverpool, on the 5th of April, Mr. John Moderator, and Dr. Smyth, of Glasgow. The Turner, of Turner, Rose, and Co. Mr. TurAssembly then called for the Report of the ner took an interest in the Presbyterian Church Board of Missions and Education, which was in England so deep, and preserved an acpresented by Dr. M'Kellar, in a long and quaintance with her ministers so general, that interesting address. We have not space, some record will not be unacceptable. Eighteen to give even an outline of the Report, years ago, he was visited in Scotland with a however brief, but may mention that the dangerous illness, from which is dated, if not total contributions during the past year, to his reconciliation to God, at least that career the five schemes of the Free Church, and to of usefulness which has now terminated. Since the College, amounted to the large and very that time he has laboured assiduously in Sabliberal sum of 82,398l. 18. 2d. A Report on bath-school teaching, visiting the poor, &c., the state of Sabbath observance was read by both in Scotland and England. To the latter Mr. Fairbairn, of Salton: and on this subject he came in 1835, being invited by the session addresses were made by Dr. Stewart, of Brough- of the Scottish Church in Oldham-street. The shain (a member of a Deputation from the lay agency with which he became thus conIrish Presbyterian Church), Mr. Bell, of New-nected, and which was harmoniously carried castle (one of a Deputation from the Lord'sday Society, of that town), Sir Andrew Agnew, and the Rev. Dr. Candlish, of Edinburgh; Dr. Candlish closing his speech, with a motion to the effect, that considering the prevailing temptation now and increasingly presented by the god of this world, the Church should both
take its stand on the truth of God regarding the Lord's-day, and use every lawful means to warn all its members, and the country at large, of the impending danger. They, therefore, re-appoint the Committee, with instructions to follow out these principles in Scotland, and the sister kingdom, and throughout the colonies; to address, and use influence with, shareholders of Railway Companies, from which great injury to the Sabbath has arisen, and may arise, so that these individuals may use their privileges for the protection of the Sabbath. All ministers of the Church were directed (as last year,) to preach on the requirements of the Fourth Commandment, with special reference to existing evils, and to the desecration of the Sabbath by Railway trains and steam-boats, on the first Sabbath of December, 1845. Thanks were voted to the Conveners, and the Committee, as also to Sir Andrew Agnew, and the Gentlemen associated with him, in the struggle to put down Sunday traffic on the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway.
(Continued on page 30.)
TWEEDMOUTH.-The English Presbyterian Church in Tweedmouth, in connexion with the Presbyterian Church in England, and within the bounds of the Presbytery of Berwick, was opened, for the first time, on Sabbath, 29th December, 1844, by the Rev. Thomas D. Nicholson, of Lowick.
on soon after his arrival, in the name both of the session of Oldham-street and Rodney-street Scottish Churches, afforded great opportunities of usefulness, and the reports of his labours as an agent, are perhaps the chief records with which his name will be long associated by many friends in Liverpool. As a personal friend, Mr. Turner was much esteemed. Modest and unassuming, he seldom obtruded advice, but when asked, it was given in such a way that it was difficult to say whether his personal kindness to the individual, or his love to the cause of truth, were the most remarkable. As a Christian man, he was remarkable for that quietness and subduedness of spirit that is generally associated with the greatest energy of Christian character. There are some whose zeal is the flame of a newly-kindled fire, and neither should we quarrel with the smoke natural in such a case, nor be taken with the fitfully glancing flames; but there are others, in whom it is a white heat, steady, clear, powerful; and these we value most. Now, the latter seemed to be characteristic of the deceased. Those who knew him best, knew this best, and rejoice in the evidence he gave for many years that, notwithstanding defects, his heart was possessed of glowing love to a Saviour, of whom he felt altogether unworthy. As a public man, he is one that will be missed in Liverpool. His knowledge of, and interest in, the poor-his exertions in promoting the
cause of the Church at the north end of the town, are well known. We will venture to say, that, though not a man of wealth or rank, he yet was second to none in influence for good; a proof that the secret of influence is in weight of character. As an office-bearer in that particular congregation where he worshipped, he was greatly respected and beloved. They had in him an "elder that ruled well," and watched as one that must give account. When living, his daily prayer ascended, we believe, for them; and when dying, his wandering mind seemed to seize as its materials the solemnity of the approaching communion. "The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart." "Help, Lord, for the godly man ceaseth, for the faithful fail from among the children of men. His protracted illness afforded much scope for the exercise of patience, and such graces as, after all, are the most difficult, and therefore the most glorifying to God. It is interesting, however, to notice that he did not end his course in continuous sunshine. This is mentioned to show the necessity of looking well, in days of health, to the grounds of our hope, and in being surely established with grace. He felt himself embarrassed, and the external consistency of his life, which to others was evidential of grace in the heart, was to him a ground of suspicion. After being told that it was just as sinners any could be received, and meditating much on this, he assured his minister that he had been enabled to see God, as the God of the Patriarchs, and the Israelites, and the Prophets, and of all his people, and that his character demonstrated thus was one of mercy to such sinners as he was. In this frame he died. "It is not," said Simeon of Cambridge, "on insulated passages that I rest, but on the broad, grand scheme of God, extending from eternity to eternity. I depend not on feelings and impressions, but on Christ thus revealed to me." So must every Christian die so an abundant entrance is ministered into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Let us lay to heart such bereavements as these; and as such valued blessings are taken away from the Church below, let us seek that God would raise up many of like spirit. It is men of God, genuine men, that are the horsemen of Israel and the chariots thereof; and God, if recognised and sought, will provide and strengthen our Church with them.
LIVERPOOL.-New Church.-On the 10th of April was laid the foundation-stone of another church in Liverpool, in connexion with the English Presbyterian Synod. The building, which will be in the Transition Gothic style, is designed for the accommodation of Mr. Welsh's congregation, lately assembling in Oldham-street. On the day above-mentioned, amidst a numerous concourse, and after praise and prayer had been offered by the Rev. J. Welsh, Mr. M'Kean, one of the elders, exhibited a bottle hermetically sealed, containing the coins of the realm, two Liverpool newspapers, a printed account of the causes which led to the congregation leaving the church in Oldham-street, and a copy of the declaration of the independence of the Presbyterian Church in England, made at Berwick in April last, and then deposited the bottle in a hole cut for the purpose in the foundationstone. Mr. Miller, another elder of the Church, then held up a massive brass-plate, with an inscription, and deposited this also in the foundation-stone. Dr. Nicol, also an elder, addressed Mr. A. C. Dunlop, and, in the name of the congregation, presented him with a silver trowel, requesting him with the same to lay the foundation of their church. After finishing the
ceremony, Mr. Dunlop addressed the assembly nearly as follows:-"My friends, I have now been honoured to lay the foundation-stone of a church, which I do trust and pray our God will bless as a place where his own people will be greatly edified, where their faith will be strengthened, their hopes enlarged, and their love to their God and Saviour very greatly increased; where many, many souls shall be born to God; where, through the instrumentality of the preached word, many shall be turned from darkness to the marvellous light of the Gospel; where, in short, the Lord will lift up the light of his reconciled countenance on you, and on your children, and children's children for many generations. It does, indeed, give me heartfelt delight to witness the growth of the Presbyterian Church in England, and in these days, whilst God in his mysterious providence is permitting the fearful growth of Popery and Puseyism in this country, I cannot but feel a persuasion also that he is raising up this Church, I was going to say, as a refuge to his people; but I will say more properly, as a means of leading them to the only true refuge for the sinner. And now, my friends, allow me to say that while I received the trowel put into my hands with very great pleasure, to lay the foundation-stone of your church, I shall now take it home to my family, and I trust it may descend for many generations to my children, to tell them of your kindness to me, and to tell them what I do declare makes my heart glad, that their father has been permitted to do something in the forwarding of this Church of God." The Rev. Mr. Arnott, of Glasgow, then offered up an appropriate prayer for a blessing on the undertaking; the Rev. D. Ferguson pronounced the blessing, and the meeting separated. The congregation, and many of their friends, met in the evening, with their pastor, Mr. Welsh, in the Chair, when they were addressed by the Rev. Mr. Arnott, Rev. Mr. Gardiner, Rev. Mr. Salmond, Rev. W. Gardiner, Mr. Dunlop, &c.
DUDLEY.-Ordination of Rev. Geo. Lewis.The ordination of the Rev. G. Lewis, as minister of the Presbyterian Church at Dudley, took place on the evening of Friday, April 18th. This Church is still within the bounds of the Presbytery of London, and the services of this solemnity were conducted by its members. There was a large attendance of elders. The Rev. James Hamilton preached the sermon, the Rev. James Ferguson offered up the Ordination prayer, and the Rev. Josias Wilson addressed the minister and people. The place of worship was completely filled, and amongst those present we rejoiced to recognise some of the respected Dissenting ministers of Dudley, who joined the numerous congregation in giving a hearty welcome to its pastor. We were much gratified with the intelligent and cordial aspect of the assembled worshippers; and now that they have among them a minister so able, accomplished, and devoted, we earnestly hope that, by the blessing of God, this long-tried, but leal-hearted, congregation may rapidly augment its numbers, and prove a source of manifold benefit to a most interesting neighbourhood. We cannot help noticing, as a special element of strength and hopefulness, the number of young men whom we observed coming forward to give the right hand of welcome to the minister. Happy is the minister, and happy is the Church, whose quiver is full of such!
BRIGHTON.-On Sabbath, April 20th, the Lord's Supper was dispensed, for the first time, to the new congregation which has begun to be formed in the important town of Brighton. The Rev. Charles Nairn, Free Church Minister
of Forgan, presided on the occasion, and was
LANCASHIRE. The Presbytery of Lancashire,
BERWICK.-The Presbytery of Berwick met at Hide-hill Chapel, Berwick-upon-Tweed, on Tuesday, the 13th May. Present, four ministers
and two elders. The Synod's deliverance on
Presbytery Clerk. No new “ points" were
LOWICK.-The Rev. Thomas D. Nicholson has been, by the Presbytery of Dumfries, declared to be no longer a minister of the Established Church of Scotland. Had the interference of a Scotch Established Presbytery with any of our ministers been competent, in the present instance it was, at least, ultroneous and gratuitous. Neither manager, elder, nor member of Lowick congregation had any cause of complaint against their muchrespected minister, and are neither gratified nor disconcerted by this petty act of busybodyism, which leaves Mr. Nicholson exactly what he was, and which merely declares the disposition of the Presbytery of Dumfries to intermeddle in other people's matters. The sentence, such as it is, is good for nothing. It is not only pronounced by an incompetent tribunal, but is rendered nugatory by the irregularity of the proceedings which resulted in it. We observe that the same venerable court has extended its affectionate solicitude to Berwick-upon-Tweed, and is about to "declare" something regarding Mr. Murdoch. At the same meeting of Presbytery, Dr. Inglis, one of the most zealous in the proceedings against Mr. Nicholson and Mr. Murdoch, undertook to prove from Scripture that Her Majesty's Ministers were right in endowing Popery in Ireland!! The following is Mr. Nicholson's letter to the Clerk of Dumfries Presbytery, declining the jurisdiction of that body :
"Lowick, Northumberland, 25th February, 1845. "Dear Sir, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, dated 13th of February, calling upon me to answer as to the truth of