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This Reverend Court held its ordinary monthly meeting at 16, Exeter Hall, on the 10th August; the Rev. W. Chalmers, Moderator, in the chair.

The Report of the Hampstead Committee was then called for, read, and approved of. Mr. Roxburgh obtained leave of absence from his congregation for two months; and, at his request, Mr. Fisher was authorized to hold Kirk Sessions at Greenwich, when necessary, till Mr. R's return.

A Member of Court inquired whether, in the event of certain parties opening a new preaching station at Islington, this movement, on their part, would prejudice any future application from them to the Presbytery for a direct sanction of the same? After consideration, the Presbytery agreed, by a majority, "that the Presbytery cannot, in general, regard the opening of a place of worship in connexion with this church, and procuring supplies for it without their direct sanction, as prejudicing a future application for such sanction; but that they cannot give to the present application any other answer than that parties must be considered as acting upon their own responsibility in this matter, until such information is afforded as may enable the Presbytery to come to a judgment." Professor Lorimer was appointed to dispense the sacrament of the Lord's Supper at Lewisham Chapel, Westminster, on Sabbath, the 22d August.

The Presbytery adjourned to meet at 16, Exeter Hall, on the second Tuesday of September, at 3 o'clock P.M.; and the sederunt was closed with prayer.


THIS Presbytery held its first meeting in the Presbyterian Church, Broad-street, Birmingham, on Tuesday, the 6th July. Sederunt Messrs. Lewis, (Moderator,) Mackenzie and Speers, ministers. Commissions having been read and sustained in favour of Messrs. John Henderson and David M'Cutcheon to represent the congregations of Birmingham and Dudley, as elders for next six months, the Presbytery appointed Mr. Speers clerk, who thereupon entered upon his duties. Mr. Lewis of Dudley, was chosen Moderator for next six months. The Rev. J. M. Martyn, a minister of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, being present, was requested to sit. Attention having been called to the state of the Session Records within the bounds of the Presbytery, it was unanimously resolved that the Session Records and Communion Roll of each congregation should be laid on the table at next meeting. Mr. Henderson called the attention of the court to the desirableness, under existing circumstances, of a large and regular attendance of members; and moved, "That the travelling expenses of ministers attending Meetings of Presbytery, be paid by their respective Sessions." Mr. M'Cutcheon seconded the motion, which was carried unanimously.

The Rev. Donald Fergusson of Liverpool being present as a deputation from the Presbytery of Lancashire, addressed the court, whereupon it was unanimously resolved,"That the thanks of this Presbytery are due, and hereby tendered to the Presbytery of Lancashire, for the fraternal spirit they have manifested in sending one of their number to confer with and encourage the brethren of the Birmingham Presbytery at this their first Meeting; and farther, that should the Presbytery of Lancashire think it desirable to appoint a Committee of correspondence, this Presbytery will have great pleasure in reciprocating their kindness and following their

example." The induction of Mr. Martyn to the pastoral charge of the congregation at Shelton, having been referred to the Presbytery, and all the relative documents having been laid on the table, it was resolved to proceed with the induction on Tuesday, August 3, and Mr. Lewis of Dudley was appointed to serve the edict on Sabbath, 18th instant; Messrs. Mackenzie and Lewis, ministers, and Henderson and M'Cutcheon, elders, were appointed to represent the Presbytery at next meeting of Commission.

Ecclesiastical Notices.


ON Thursday, July 29, the Rev. John Weir, of Belfast, was inducted as the successor of the late lamented Rev. Josias Wilson, in the Presbyterian Church, River Terrace, Islington. The service commenced at three o'clock P.M. The congregation was large, and highly respectable.

The Rev. Mr. Ross, of Brighton, conducted the introductory services, and preached. His text was Acts ii. 42.

The Presbytery adjourned to meet at the Presbyterian Chapel, Shelton, on the first Tuesday in August, at twelve o'clock. The The Rev. Professor Campbell next delivered Presbytery met at Shelton on Tuesday, the an able discourse in defence of Presby3d of August. Sederunt-Messrs. Mac- terianism. He said its principles had been kenzie, Moderator, pro tem.; Speers and misrepresented in this country, and its history Bryson, ministers; and Henderson and misread, and his design was, on the present M'Cutcheon, elders. Messrs. Fergusson of occasion, to present it in its true light. He Liverpool, and Gardner of Birkenhead, being shewed that Presbytery is as ancient as present, were requested to sit as assessors. Christianity, and that, as a system of church The Presbytery having called for the Session polity, it is more widely diffused than any Records and Communion Rolls, the following other that prevails among Protestants. The were laid on the table,-Dudley, Birmingham, great majority of the Protestants of Christenand Shelton; and a Committee appointed to dom are Presbyterians. It is objected against examine the same, and report to next Presbyterianism that it is republican; and Meeting. Commissions were handed in and the Independents bring against it the opposite sustained from the congregation of Shelton, charge, that it is despotic. But, in fact, it in favour of Mr. John Bate, to represent them stands equi-distant between the democracy of as elder for the next three months; and from Independency on the one hand, and the the Congregation of Wolverhampton, in absolute monarchy of Prelacy on the other. favour of Mr. Alex. Wills, to represent them -Presbyterians have been accused of disas elder for next six months. Mr. Henderson loyalty; but history shows them to have been solicited the attention of the Presbytery to the most loyal body in the United Kingdom. the state of education in the various congre- Neither the private views nor the public malgations within the bounds of the Presbytery, administration of James I. could alienate and concluded by moving the following their loyalty. And when they revolted from Resolution, which was recorded, and unani- his son, Charles I., it was against his minions mously agreed to:-"That the Presbytery, they acted, not himself, whose person was held as early as possible, examine all schools and sacred, according to the useful fiction that teachers connected with congregations within kings can do no wrong. During the whole its bounds; and that such examinations take time of the Protectorate, the Presby place as far as possible in the churches with terians were faithful to the Stuarts. Where which the schools are connected. In the then were the Royalists, the Cavaliers, and meantime, appoint all Sessions within their High Churchmen? Living at ease in their bounds to report to next Meeting of Presby-castles, or skulking on foreign shores, and tery, as to the number of Schools connected displaying their loyalty in toasts. Certainly, with their several congregations, the nature if Bacchanalian revelry could have restored of support, whether receiving aid from the royalty, they were the men to do it. While school fund, the educational course pursued, these men were intriguing to bring a Papist number of scholars on the books, their to the throne of Great Britain, the Presby average attendance, qualifications of teachers, terians, to a man, were true to the House of salary paid," &c. &c.

Mr. Bryson gave notice of his intention to submit an overture at next Meeting, on the subject of a general sustentation fund; and another on the manner of appointing the Synods' Committees. The Presbytery then adjourned to meet again at two o'clock. At two o'clock the Presbytery met, and proceeded with the induction of Mr. Martyn. Rev. J. R. Mackenzie presided, Rev. D. Fergusson preached; Rev. J. Speers explained the discipline of the Presbyterian Church; Mr. Mackenzie addressed the minister, and Rey. John Gardner, the people. Immediately after, the Presbytery adjourned to meet again at the Presbyterian Church, Wolverhampton, on Tuesday, September 7, at three o'clock. Meeting closed with prayer.

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The Rev. W. Chalmers put the questions to Mr. Weir in a very impressive manner; after which, the new pastor was formally admitted into the English Presbyterian Church, and into the Presbytery of London, and to the enjoyment of all the rights and privileges thereunto belonging; in testimony of which the members of Presbytery gave him the right hand of fellowship. Mr. Chalmers, as Moderator, then delivered a charge to the new pastor, remarkable for its ability, judiciousness, and solemnity. Having addressed some valuable counsels to the people, these very interesting services were concluded, excepting the ceremony which Mr. Weir had to go through in receiving the cordial welcome of the congregation at the door. Certainly nothing of the kind could be more cordial.

Mr. Weir preached in River Terrace Church on Sunday, August 1. The place was crowded to excess, and the reception given to the new pastor was most warm and gratifying. His text in the morning was Ezkeiel xlviii. 35; in the evening, Heb. xiii. 7:"Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the Word of God: whose faith follow," &c. In expounding this text he dwelt with touching power on the character of the late Mr. Wilson. The

effect of his appeals on the audience was decided and visible. On the whole, Mr. Weir commences his pastorate in London under the happiest auspices.


WE have received from a Correspondent the following intimation of our respected brother, Mr. Gloucester's, visit to Newcastle. We rejoice to hear that he is succeeding in the object of his mission to this country. The Free Church, we knew, would gladly" send back the money" to America in this manner; but since Mr. Gloucester has not obtained in Scotland all that he requires, we commend his cause to our English Presbyterian Churches which he may yet visit. With regard to the Newcastle people being destitute of heart, we have known the reverse of this often already; and at the next meeting of Synod hope to know much more of the folly of the impu



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important matter, proceeded to consider the
situation and eligibility of a site for their
new church, proposed to them by the Deacons
Court; and having decided upon that, elected
a Building Committee to make all necessary
arrangements for the erection of a permanent
place of worship. This congregation, through
all its existence, has had a large share of
hardship to encounter; nevertheless, the life
and energy manifested by all its people now
is greater than at almost any other period in
its chequered and eventful history; and this
we have confidence in saying is a hopeful
presage of better times to come.


THE Presbytery of Birmingham met at Brunswick Chapel, Shelton, near Hanley, on Tuesday, August 3, for the induction of the Rev. Mr. Martyn. A large congregation had assembled to witness the induction services. "On Sabbath, August 8th, the Rev. Stephen of Birmingham, had constituted the Meeting, After the Moderator, the Rev. Mr. Mackenzie, Gloucester, Pastor of the Central Coloured Mr. Fergusson, of Liverpool, preached an Presbyterian Congregation, Philadelphia, appropriate discourse from Hab. iii. 2, 3. (U.S. America,) preached in the various Mr. Speers, of Stafford, addressed the conchurches in connexion with the Synod in gregation on the Presbyterian form of Church Newcastle to crowded congregations; viz., government. Mr. Mackenzie then put the in the morning in Great Market Church; usual questions to Mr. Martyn, and having afternoon, in the High Bridge Church, and obtained satisfactory answers thereto, he in the evening in the Music Hall. The ob- offered up fervent prayer in behalf of pastor ject of Mr. Gloucester's visit to Newcastle and people, and delivered a solemn and affecwas to collect money in aid of defraying the tionate address to the minister on his respondebt on his new Church; he has been kindly sibilities, his difficulties, and his encouragereceived, and has received subscriptions from ments, as a servant of Christ. The Rev. J. the friends of Presbyterianism in Newcastle Gardner, of Birkenhead, briefly, but earnestly, to a considerable amount; indeed, to greater addressed the congregation on their duties to extent than Mr. Gloucester's sanguine expec- their pastor. The Presbytery then adjourned. tations, for when that gentleman was in Edinburgh, some of the leading ministers of school-room, with about eighty ladies and The Presbytery were invited to dine in the the Free Church told him not to go to New-gentlemen, whose hospitality on the occasion castle, for, said they, the Christians in Newcastle are Christians without hearts to was certainly shewn without grudging. J. Henderson, Esq., of London-works, BirAt seven p.m. there was a Public mingham, in the chair. After hearing addresses from the Chairman, Mr. Bromley, Wesleyan minister, and the several ministers present, the interesting services of the day were concluded about nine o'clock. Mr. Martyn has had an auspicious introduction to his new sphere of action, where we trust he may be long spared for great usefulness, being upheld, as we believe him to be, by the prayers of a flock whose influence will be extensively felt, and whose example we hope shall ere long be extensively imitated.

give to the cause of Christ. We are at a loss to conceive how the Free Church has formed such an opinion of the people of Newcastle. For to use Mr. Gloucester's own words, 'the hearts of the people of Newcastle are the most warm I have met with since I

came to Great Britain.''


the advantages of mutual love between pastor and people, and the high gratification he felt in being asked to perform a duty so pleasing to himself, so honourable to them, and so worthy of their minister. Mr. Burns replied in a short and suitable address, and expressed his heartfelt thanks for the happy feeling of love and confidence which had ever existed between him and them since his translation among them in 1844; and while he was sensible of his short-comings and sins in the past, he earnestly solicited their indulgence and prayers for the future, and would ever regard their kind and considerate attention on the present occasion, as a valuable of his pastoral duties.- Whitehaven Pacquet. pledge of their attachment, and a motive to redoubled diligence and zeal in the discharge


THE Free Church has appointed the Rev. Dr. The Rev. Dr. Candlish has been appointed Edinburgh, in room of the late Dr. Chalmers. W. Cunningham, Principal of New College, lish is to have charge of the students of the one of the Professors of Theology: Dr. Candfirst and fourth years; Dr. J. Buchanan having those of the second and third years. Dr. Cunningham retains the chair of ecclesiastical history.

Rev. Dr. Moody Stuart, of Edinburgh, and IN consequence of the report brought by the the Rev. Mr. Campbell, of Melrose, from the Irish General Assembly, to which they were sent as a Deputation from the Free Church, it has been resolved to send brethren from in their Home Mission operations. A wide Scotland to aid the Irish Assembly for a time door of usefulness has been lately opened in many parts of Ireland, and amidst the Roman former period a desire for the preaching of population there is more than at any the Gospel. The noble exertion of the Presbyterian Church during the famine, in behalf




THIS Church, which is situated in one of the most important localities in England, has been lately, after a long course of expectation and waiting on the part of the congregation, lost to them and to English Presbyterianism, having been sold, at a larger price than the congregation could venture on, by the trus- ON Sabbath last, two eloquent and imtees, to a railway company, for a congrega-pressive sermons were preached in the Prestion of the Church of England. Great as the byterian Church, James'-street, in this town, loss is, and small as are their means, the to large and respectable congregations, by the Presbyterian people here are preparing to gird Rev. Dr. Morgan, of Belfast; after which up their loins for the further labour before nearly 20l. were collected to defray the exthem with renewed vigour and hope. On penses which have recently been incurred by Monday evening, the 9th August, a meet- sundry repairs in the church and schooling of the congregation, most unanimous and room. On the evening of Thursday last, there cordial, was held in their temporary place of was a public Meeting convened in the same worship, when a motion was made by a church, for the purpose of presenting their member of the congregation, seconded and beloved minister, the Rev. Joseph Burns, supported by seven or eight others, to the with a handsome new gown as a token of the effect, that the Rev. John Mathison, of the affection and esteem in which the Rev. Free Church, Ecclesfechan, "be chosen minis- gentleman is held by his people. Mr. Leckliter of this congregation;" which was most son, who was called to the chair, explained heartily responded to without a single dis- the object of the Meeting, and made a sentient voice. We may mention that seven pleasing reference to the great satisfaction months have elapsed since Mr. Mathison which all the Members felt in giving an expreached to the people here, and the enthu- pression of their love to their much esteemed siastic feeling with which he is remembered pastor.-In compliance with a request from is sufficient testimony to the very great the ladies of the congregation, the Rev. Dr. acceptability of his ministrations. The meet- Morgan presented the gown to Mr. Burns, ing, after expressing their resolution on this and delivered a most appropriate address on


from them the bread of life for their souls. ably inclined the hearts of many to receive We pray that all success may attend this undertaking.


THE Convener of the Synod's School Committee has carefully examined the regulathe Committee of the Privy Council on Edutions which have lately been published by cation, and the instructions which have been more recently issued from the EducationOffice to School-Inspectors; he has also recently had an interview with Dr. Kay Shuttleworth with the view of obtaining some necessary explanations, and he believes that the following statement may be relied upon the eye of those of our office-bearers and as correct. This statement is intended for people who are desirous of knowing the terms upon which aid may be received from the Government for the erection and maintenance of schools, and the proper mode and form of making application for such aid. It will be understood, of course, that only such particulars are here exhibited, as are most important for our friends to know at the outthem take the step of putting themselves in set of their proceedings. As soon as any of communication with the Privy Council Office, they will speedily learn every additional particular from the correspondence of the office itself.

I.-Grants for School Building.

1. The amount of aid given by the Privy Council for school-building varies in different cases. It may be said to range from ten shillings to one pound, for every child that room is provided for in the school; e.g., for a school fitted to accommodate 100 children, the grant would vary from 50l. to 1007., according to the circumstances of each case. A larger grant, however, than this is given in cases where schoolmasters' houses are built along with the schools. The Committee of Council are anxious to give every encouragement to the erection of such schoolmasters' houses.

2. The site upon which the school is proposed to be built must either be freehold or held upon a long lease of ninety-nine years. 3. No aid is given to build school-rooms under churches or chapels.

4. There must be no debt left upon the school when built, and the Committee of Council require a certificate from the promoters of the erection to this effect, before any grant which has been promised is actually paid over.

5. Application, however, may be made for a grant before all the money which may be requisite to pay for the erection has been actually subscribed or promised; but at an early stage of the correspondence which ensues upon such an application, the Committee of Council "deem it necessary to have before them such a statement of the amount of money collected or promised towards the outlay on the school-buildings, as will afford a fair prospect that these buildings will be erected with the aid of the usual grant."

6. The Committee of Council require to be satisfied on many points regarding the character of the site chosen, the tenure by which it is to be held,-the draft of the deed of trust,—and the plans and specifications of the buildings. No expenses, therefore, if possible, should be incurred by the promoters of a school, and no decisive steps taken or engagements entered into by them until they have put themselves into communication with the Committee of Council and been furnished with copies of their printed instructions upon all these points.

7. Plans of school-buildings such as the Committee of Council approve of are furnished gratuitously by the Committee's own

architect, in cases where this is wished.

without such a certificate. In their case |
an examination will be required, such as
is hereafter described, and a certificate
as the result of that examination.
(e) By those who have never attended
any Normal school whatever. In their
case also the same examination and
certificate will be required.

(It is believed that almost all the
teachers at present connected with
the Synod belong to the last men-
tioned class.)

3. The trustees and managers of a school,
in order to enable the teacher to obtain
a grant in augmentation of his salary, must
undertake to provide him with a further
salary, equal, at least, to twice the amount of
the grant applied for; e.g., to obtain a grant
of 151. per annum, a further sum of 301.
must be guaranteed to the teacher. They
must also provide him with a house rent-free.
4. In making up this further guaranteed
sum, the managers will be allowed to include
the school pence to the extent of one-half of
this sum; but the Committee of Council will
require that the other half shall be derived
from subscriptions, donations, or collections,
either local, or from a general subscription

"The Committee will, however, be disposed to receive and consider a special report in favour of any self-supporting school, which may appear to merit admission as an exception to this rule."

5. The teacher's house which the managers of the school are required to provide, rentfree, may be a house hired by them for the purpose. Notwithstanding several objections to this mode of fulfilling the condition in question the Committee of Council express themselves unwilling in present circumstances, to refuse to allow it, but they will "hereafter withdraw this provisional regulation." Meanwhile, if accommodation is provided for teachers in this way, the minimum must include a parlour, kitchen, scullery, and twobed-rooms.

half-past five o'clock in the evening of five days, at least, in the week, and half of another day, if need be, for the instruction of the children of the poor without any interruption whatsoever."

9. Where schools receive aid in the form of annual grants to the teachers, the trustees and managers will be required to sign an agreement that so long as this aid is continued the school shall be open to the visits of Her Majesty's Inspectors. III. Regulations for the Examination of Teachers, by Her Majesty's Inspectors.

It has been already stated, that no teacher can obtain any grant from Government in augmentation of his stipend, unless he is provided with a certificate of merit granted to him by one of Her Majesty's Inspectors. Such certificates may have been obtained by some teachers before leaving normal schools under Government inspection; but the most, if not all of our present teachers will still have to obtain them by submitting, as already stated, to an examination. With regard to this examination, the following instructions have been issued to the inspectors, which we give in the words of the Committee of Council.

The final settlement of the regulations relative to such examinations will be postponed until the Committee of Council have further knowledge, derived from experience, of the present standard and scope of the acquirements of the most efficient masters of elementary schools. The Committee would be unwilling that their regulations should contain requirements below what is necessary for the establishment of an efficient system of elementary instruction, but they are prepared, during a certain period of transition, to leave these regulations in some degree indefinite, lest they should deter the existing class of schoolmasters from the necessary efforts for self-improvement.

Such masters as have left normal schools (without certificates, and are desirous of obtaining such certificates) may be conveniently 6. In order to obtain such grants in aug- assembled at the annual inspection of the mentation of a teacher's salary, the Govern- training schools in which they were educated, ment inspector must report that "his school and may be then examined in common with is efficient in its organization, discipline, and the students who may be candidates for cer instruction;" and the trustees and managers tificates. Such examinations will in future must annually certify, that his character, con- generally be conducted by two of Her Maduct, and attention to his duties are satisfac-jesty's Inspectors selected for that purpose by tory." the Committee of Council, without reference to the district in which the training schools may be situated. The masters who have left the school will be expected to give evidence of a high degree of practical skill in teaching, and of a riper knowledge of discipline, or pre-ganization, and method; and evidence will be required of attainments closely similar in degree to those of the students of the training school.

8. Applications for grants for school7. No such grants to teachers nor any buildings should be addressed to "The Se-grants for pupil-teachers or stipendiary cretary of the Committee of Council on Edu- monitors, will be allowed in the following cation, Privy Council-office, Downing-street." cases. The letter of application should simply bear that the individual or individuals signing it are desirous of obtaining "a grant towards the erection of a new Day-school for the education of the poor," in any particular locality.

II. Grants for augmenting the Salaries of

Schoolmasters and Schoolmistresses.

1. These grants in the case of masters will vary from 151. to 301. per annum, according to the qualifications of candidates as certified to the Committee of Council by Her Majesty's Inspectors, and in the case of mistresses the grants will amount to two-thirds of the grants allowed to masters.

2. These grants may be obtained by three classes of teachers

(a) By those who have been trained in

Normal schools under Government in

spection, and who have obtained before leaving them the inspector's certificate of merit.

(b) By those who have been trained in such Normal schools, but have left them

(a) None will be allowed when schools
are taught in "rooms held on the
carious tenure of a yearly occupation or
a short lease."

(b) None will be allowed when schools are
taught in rooms under churches or

(c) None will be allowed unless the school-
room or rooms be of sufficient size and
height, well ventilated, warmed, and
supplied with school furniture, apparatus,
and books.

(d) The school-room must not be liable to
any uses likely to interfere with or dis-
turb its occupation, during the ordinary
hours of school-keeping, or to occasion
a sudden termination of its employment
for education.

8. "When schools are built on sites held
in trust for Divine worship, the trustees must
enter into an agreement or bond that where
prevent it, the building shall be open from
half-past eight o'clock in the morning to

trusts of deed do not to

The examination of teachers who have not been trained in normal schools will be conducted in the following manner,-Whenever the Committee of Council have, either from direct applications, or from the Reports of their Inspectors, information that, in any trict, a sufficient number of teachers are desirous to become candidates for certificates, they will appoint some central place conve nient for the purpose, and in which proper rooms and a suitable school may be available for examination. Due notice of the time, place, and regulations of the examination will then be issued to all candidates, and such other public notice shall be given as may appear expedient.

of Her Majesty's Inspectors on the following The examination will be conducted by two principles. A series of subjects will be see

lected for each class of certificates (the first, second, and third classes), the limits of examination in which will be hereafter defined in the Committee's regulations. These subjects will be divided into sections, and every candidate will be expected to profess a certain number of the subjects in each section, and his examination will be conducted in the subjects thus selected by him. Each candidate will also be required to conduct the instruction of a class in the presence of the inspector. On the results of this examination a Report will be presented by the inspectors, together with the examination papers, to the Committee of Council, who will determine in which cases certificates may be granted. In all cases testimonials of character will be required from the Managers of the schools, and the award of any augmentation of salary to the candidate will be contingent on the fulfilment of the remaining conditions of such grants, and, in particular, of that which requires that the inspector report that his school is efficient in its organization, discipline, and instruction. The subjects to which the Examination will extend will be the following:

English Grammar and Composition.
General Geography; the use of the Globes;
and the Geography of the British Em-
pire, as connected with the outlines of
English History.
English History.



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School Committee, will be happy to furnish | if the New Testament was continued as a
any further information that may be required. class book. On the other hand, to abandon
His address is No. 3, Bond-street, Claremont- it, and thus invite the return of the scholars,
square, London.
seemed a questionable compromise ;-a step
backwards, which they were not prepared to
take. Troubled on every side, yet not dis-
tressed; perplexed, but not in despair,' with
FOR the sake of those friends already in- prayerful submission they waited for the Lord,
terested in the Mission to Corfu, and still and they waited not in vain. Letters lately
more for the sake of those whom they wish received bring the cheering tidings that the
to interest, a statement has been published by school is again at work. Several Jewesses
the Committee of the "Ladies' Association in have returned, and others are promised from
aid of the Missions of the Presbyterian the most influential families of the Jewish
Church in England," from which the follow-community. They return without stipulation.
ing is extracted:-
The New Testament holds its proper place;
and thus, by the blessing of God on the
patient, long-suffering of our missionary and
teacher, a greater triumph has been effected,
than if the thirty scholars, or any number,
had been retained, and the New Testament
abandoned. This is a triumph in the cause
of Christ, and to his name be all the glory.
A disinterested friend of another communion
writes that these difficulties have been so
far advantageous to the good cause as to have
excited inquiry, and brought Mr. Charteris
into notice where he was before unknown;
and his aptitude to teach, together with his
pains-taking, gentle way of administering his
instructions, have impressed the Jews strongly
in his favour, as well as induced a great in-
clination for Bible knowledge. It was a real
sorrow to us to find the sudden loss of pupils,
particularly among the Jewesses. Mr. Char-
teris' mild, patient spirit bore the trial, and
waited in submission to God's will, until it
should please Him once more to turn the
hearts of the Jews. The prospect brightens
at last, and we must pray for its continuance.
We can bear testimony to the excellence, wis-
dom, and prudence of his (Mr. C.'s) conduct
here.' All these trials have only tended to make
missionary and teacher more sympathized
with and appreciated.

"Assured by a minister, who had visited the island, of its spiritual destitution, and encouraged by the munificent offer of a Christian lady, to subscribe 1007. per annum for three years, the Ladies' Association resolved, in the strength of the Lord, to undertake this Mission; accordingly, the Rev. William Charteris, after ordination by the Presbytery of London, in the autumn of 1845, proceeded to Corfu, and there commenced his interesting labours. These he has since prosecuted with a zeal and judgment which prove him eminently fitted for the great and holy work. He at once found a wide field of usefulness, not only as a missionary to the Jewish population, amounting to 3,000, but also amongst the soldiers of a Scottish regiment, garrisoned in the island, to whom and to some of whom, there is good reason to hope, his work has been blessed. His first step with regard to these, his own countrymen, was to commence the celebration of Divine worship regularly in the English tongue, and according to the Presbyterian form, in a small chapel, the use of which was granted by the Committee of Public Instruction. He began with a congregation of seventy.

Decimal Arithmetic and the higher rules his pastoral labours have been most acceptable,

of mental Arithmetic.


The elements of Mechanics.

Elements of Land Surveying and Levelling.
The Rudiments of Algebra.
The Composition of the Notes of a
Lesson; the Composition of an account
of the Organization of the candidate's
school, and the Method of Instruction
used in it; and, an Essay on some sub-
ject connected with the Art of Teaching.
Skill in the Management of any Class
under Instruction, and ability to give a
Gallery Lesson.
Probably also the Examination will extend
to Vocal Music and Drawing from Models.
"No master ought to obtain the third or
lowest certificate who is not prepared to shew
an accurate knowledge or skill in all these

IV. Regulations with regard to the granting of allowances for pupil teachers and stipendiary monitors.

The Committee of Council have issued many minute regulations with regard to the terms and conditions on which they will make allowances to masters and mistresses for the training of pupil-teachers, and to stipendiary monitors. But it is unnecessary to analyze and recount these at present, for no master can receive the charge of training pupilteachers until he has first obtained a certificate for himself; and no monitors can receive stipends except in schools fulfilling all the conditions formerly specified under Head II. The first care of our present teachers must be to qualify themselves to acquire the Committee's certificates of merit. And the first care of our School Managers must be to put their schools upon such a footing as will entitle them to share in the benefits proffered by the Committee.

It will suffice for the present, therefore, to have shown, which it is hoped has been done distinctly and fully enough-what must be attended to by both teachers and managers, in order that these first objects may be secured. Professor Lorimer, as Convener of the

"While thus faithfully discharging the
duties of pastor to his countrymen and others
attending his ministry, Mr. Charteris has been
equally diligent and zealous in what may be
considered his more proper field-his Mission
to the Jews. In this department of his work
he has had many trials; but his perseverance
and patient on-waiting have been blessed to
enable him to overcome the first difficulties of
such an undertaking. Notwithstanding the
enmity and opposition, which he could not
expect to escape, he has established for him-
self among the Jewish community generally
a character for uprightness of intention, and
has given an impression that he is labouring
solely for their present and eternal welfare.
Very soon after his arrival, he opened a class
for the education of Jewish youths, and another
for reading and conversation on Scripture
with those more advanced, who might be
willing to inquire with him into the truths of
Christianity. He has evidently awakened a
spirit of inquiry; and his success in both these
classes has been encouraging.

"In August last (1846), Mr. Charteris was
joined by Miss Greig, appointed by the Com-
mittee to take charge of a school for Jewish
girls. It was opened on November 12, and
the New Testament at once placed in the
hands of the scholars. The number increased
to thirty, and all went on for a time with
good promise of success.
But soon the
Rabbi induced the parents to withdraw their
children from a school where they were
taught that Jesus, the lowly and despised
Nazarene, was none other than their long-
promised Messiah, the Holy One of Israel.
The hearts of missionary and teacher sank
within them; and for awhile they doubted
whether the school could ever be established

"In a letter, of date the 8th June, Mr. Charteris states that the number of scholars had increased to seventeen, and expresses a hope that the school will, in a short time, equal, if not exceed, the number at its commencement.

"The Mission field being now fairly entered-a missionary and teacher having commenced their labours-the Ladies' Committee would beseech all interested to make a heart-engagement, that they will follow them with earnest supplications at a throne of grace that the great head of the Church would prosper the work, and grant that many of Abraham's race may confess that Jesus of Nazareth is their Lord and David's King.

"The Committee would also take this opportunity of thanking the few subscribers whose generous contributions have aided them in meeting the engagements of the last year; and, in conclusion, they would earnestly commend this Mission, which they have so much at heart, not only to the sympathy and to the prayers, but to the benevolence of those who love the cause of Christ. Hitherto, they have endeavoured to meet the expenses without much aid, beyond their own Association, assisted by an Auxiliary in Liverpool; but, although conducted with the greatest economy, the outlay is considerable, and will increase if the work prospers.

"In order to carry it on efficiently, they feel now compelled to solicit, more widely, the contributions of those friends who delight to consecrate their substance to the glory of Christ."

WHAT the precept constitutes our duty, love makes both a privilege and a pleasure.



HAIL, peaceful morn! thy dawn I hail !
How do thy hours my mind regale
With feasts of heavenly joy!
Nor can I half thy blessings name,
Which kindle in my soul a flame,
And all my powers employ.
Thou hallowed season of repose,
Thou balm to soothe the throbbing woes
Of this care-stricken breast;
Thy sacred hours I'll ever greet,
And with the faithful will I meet

To taste thy holy rest.

How shall I best improve thy hours?
Lord, on me shed, in copious showers,
Thy Spirit and Thy grace !
That when Thy sacred courts I tread,
My soul may eat the heavenly bread,
And sing Jehovah's praise!

And when in Zion I appear,
The name of Jesus greets my ear,
"The life, the truth, the way:
What calls of mercy, love, and peace!
My Saviour's praise shall never cease,
But fill each Sabbath day!
May every sermon, like the dew,
Gently distil, refresh, renew,

Receiv'd with meekness, truth, and love,
Engrafted, fruitful may it prove,
And leave the joy behind.

Then to my chamber I'll repair,
With awe to talk with God in prayer,
And all my griefs to tell;
His kind compassion will relieve,
His bounteous hand will mercies give,-
With mourners He will dwell.

Thus may my Sabbath pass away,
My best, my holiest, happiest day,
The sweetest of the seven ;

But yet a rest for saints remains,
A Sabbath free from cares and pains,
Eternal, and in heaven!

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Good night, good night, sweet spirit! thou hast cast
Thy bonds of clay away from thee at last;
Broke the vile earthly fetters which alone
Held thee at distance from thy Maker's throne.
But oh! those fetters to th' immortal mind,
Were links of love to those thou'st left behind;
For thee we mourn not: as th' apostle prest
His dungeon pillow, till the angel guest
Drew nigh, and when the light that round him shone
Beamed on the prisoner, his bands were gone:
So went thou captive to disease and pain,
Till death, the brightest of the angelic train,
Pour'd heav'n's own radiance, by Divine decree,
Around thy suffering soul-and it was free.


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disobedience to the law of God constituting | her head and figure; and her little boy, a
the very essence of sin, and on the willing- beautiful child of about two years old, clung
ness of Christ, 'the Messiah,' to save all that to her. You will understand the interest
came to Him; but they are very shy, and it with which we looked on Mahendra's wife
is difficult to get them to answer.
and child. I took her hand, but, like all
Mrs. Ewart gave me a sampler marked by a native women, she was too shy to speak
very good little Jewess, named Jamilah before strangers. She was brought up at
Moosa Bokahia, about ten or eleven years Mrs. Wilson's school. Rose is very well
old. Her parents wished to take her away educated, clever, very useful in the school,
to marry her, but she is so fond of her school, and they have every reason to think a truly
that, although they had even bespoken her converted person. Dr. Duff pointed out one
wedding garment, she prevailed on them to little girl in the class whose father and
let her stay another year. They sang a mother were slain by robbers, and who was
hymn, and we then went to the lower room, found in the road, where the jackals had
where there is a class of about forty infants. already begun to eat her! She looked up in
Such a variegated bank of infants would my face with such a pretty smile, and such
astonish any English teacher, for they were beautiful merry black eyes, it was impossible
arrayed in all the colours of the rainbow. not to pet her. The eldest class then read
Several had patches of opium on the fore- John ii. Dr. Duff questioned them upon it,
head and temples as a cure for colds! Two and cross-questioned them most strictly. They
half-caste teachers assist Mrs. Ewart, both answered perfectly. He examined them on
very pleasing. The little children answered many different parts of Scripture, all of
many questions, similar to those in Watts' which they were well acquainted with. He
First Catechism, extremely well, and then explained to them the nature of the union
sung the infant school hymn, We wash our between the Lord Jesus and his people, and
faces, we comb our hair,' &c. I never saw illustrated it by the fate of a branch broken
a prettier sight. Mrs. Ewart expressed her- off from a tree. He then said, 'What would
self in the most grateful terms for our visit, become of a branch broken off? What is
and said it was such an encouragement to that like?' When they fully understood the
her, for hardly any one knows anything illustration, he asked for some text wherein
about this interesting school, although it is one our Lord was spoken of as a vine. They im-
with great prospects of usefulness, and, at the mediately quoted, I am the vine, ye are the
same time, with many discouraging circum- branches.' He then illustrated it by the
stances attached to it. The girls do not stay dependance of an infant on its mother for
long at the school on account of their early food and support, and questioned them again
marriages; and the influence they are under on what he had said. He then asked what
at home is often quite contrary to that which our Lord said of children coming to Him?
is exercised over them during the hours of They quoted, 'Suffer little children to come
instruction. But still we are sure that the unto me,' &c.; and He took them up in his
good seed will bring forth fruit, and that the arms and blessed them.' After this exami-
Word of the Lord shall not return unto Him nation they sang Glory, glory, glory, and
void, but shall prosper in that whereto he then the 58th Paraphrase. Dr. Duff then
sends it. It would be a kindness to send examined them in geography. Miss Laing
any simple English books (Wright and showed me the house; it is very airy, clean,
Albright's, for instance), for the use of this and simple. Everything is done by the girls,
school, or as gifts to a particular school. who learn to wash, cook, and do all kinds of
household work. They have no communica
tion with any native servants, and only one
bearer is kept to clean the walls and the
lights. The children are brought up exactly
like natives, and sleep on bare wooden bed-
steads with no mattress or pillow. The very
little ones have a small pillow. In the cold
season each has a blanket, and in the hot
weather a sheet, to wrap herself in. They
live on curry and rice twice a-day. The only
thing that can be done for them when they
grow up is to marry them to Christians, as it
is impossible to send them to service in any
family, on account of the heathen servants
they would be obliged to mingle with. Some
have been baptized in infancy; of course
none of the others are till they give evidence
of conversion. One girl has lately been
received into the Church of Christ. I had
remarked her extreme interest when Dr.
Duff was speaking. Miss Laing conducts
morning and evening worship daily, and one
of the missionaries comes to preach to them
on the Sabbath. They are taught Bengali
and English simultaneously, as at the Col-
lege. Miss Laing told me that the average
expense of each child, exclusive of house-rent
(which is very high in Calcutta), and of the
teachers' salaries, is three rupees, or six shil-
lings a month! How many could subscribe
this sum, and thus rescue an orphan from the


"Dec. 17, 1846.-According to appointment we drove to Dr. Duff's house, and he accompanied us to the Female Orphan School in connexion with the Free Church. Mrs. Wilson, the founder of it, gave it up on joining the Plymouth Brethren. At the time of the disruption the orphans were all taken by the establishment, with the exception of a few older girls who followed Miss Laing. Almost all the present pupils, therefore, have only been under her care since that period. She has just moved into a new house, with a nice garden, and room enough for 100 pupils. As yet she has only thirty, besides one dayscholar, and a little Bengali child of three years' old, who comes of her own free will. The majority of the orphans are of Portuguese origin; they are dressed according to the costume of their respective nations. Miss Laing is a very ladylike, attractive person, who has devoted herself to this good work from love to Him who said, 'Feed my lambs.' The children were all assembled in three classes in a spacious apartment on the ground floor, open on two sides to the outer air. Their copybooks were laid out for inspec tion, and, like those at the Jewish school, were remarkable for their neatness. There were no blots, no letters left out, &c. The first thing that attracted our attention was the youngest class, under the charge of accent. They learn geography; they write Mahendra's widow, Rose, the sweetest look-wild beasts, or from men who are even worse.

THE following are extracts from a letter
regarding the female schools in Calcutta,
under the missionaries of the Free Church :-
"Dec. 14, 1846.-We went to see the
school for Jewish and Armenian girls,
under the care of Mrs. Ewart, wife of
one of the missionaries. Mrs. Ewart had
been longing and praying to be made useful
to the native women, when an excellent old
Armenian Protestant missionary came and
said he wished she would open a school for
his countrywomen. She agreed, on condition
of his finding a place. He took a very nice
room in a native house. She went there,
but no pupils came. For three days she and
the aged missionary met and united in
prayer. On the 4th two little girls came;
and she has now about seventy, not quite
half of whom are Jewesses, The elder
class read very nicely a chapter in the New
Testament, with a perfectly pure English

and mark very neatly; and they have a good
acquaintance with the main doctrines of
Scripture. The Jewish parents make no ob-
jection to their daughters reading the New
They were addressed on

ing young Bengali I had ever seen. Her A little girl died about a fortnight ago with face is quite lovely, not only from feature, all the confidence, joy, and faith, of an expe but from the sweet, modest, pathetic expres-rienced saint. She longed to depart and be sion. She was dressed like all her country- with Jesus; and spoke to all her companions women, with a white sheet wrapped round with the greatest earnestness, exhorting them

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