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case consent to dissolve the pastoral tie.

the Salford congregation to the Rev. Thomas | part of Mr. M'Liesh, they could not in that
Robinson, of the Free Mariner's Church,
Dundee; which call was afterwards sustained;
and Messrs. Gardner and Cowe, were ap-
pointed to prosecute Mr. Robinson's translation
before the Free Presbytery of Perth.
LIVERPOOL, MAY 5.-Mr. Fergusson laid
on the table extract minutes of Synod re-
suscitating the Presbytery, which were

The following members were appointed the representative members of this Presbytery in the ensuing Commission of Synod, viz., Rev. Messrs. Gardner, Cowe, Welsh, and White, ministers; with Messrs. W. Parlane, Thomas R. Arnot, Thomas Greig, and Robert Lamont, elders.

The Presbytery resolved to meet at Ancoats,

on the 20th inst. to moderate in a call.

ANCOATS, MAY 20.-The Presbytery met by appointment, and moderated in a call from the Ancoat's congregation in favour of the


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M'Liesh, of Free Methven, Scotland. The call was afterwards sustained, and Mr. Forster was appointed Commissioner to prosecute Mr. M'Liesh's translation before the Free Presbytery of Perth.

MANCHESTER, JUNE 5.-Held its ordinary monthly meeting.

Messrs. Munro, Fergusson, Gardner, White, M'Caw, Forster, Cross, and Magill, intimated that they had made collections for the Foreign Mission. It was also reported, that the Churches of Douglas and Ancoats had done

the same.

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LIVERPOOL, JUNE 22.-Met by appointment. In the absence of Mr. Speers, the Moderator laid on the table an extract minute of the Presbytery of Rathfriland, which was read, and from which it appeared that the steps requisite to Mr. Martyn's translation had been taken by that Presbytery, and that on the fourth of this month, the said Presbytery resolved unanimously to translate Mr. Martyn from Rathfriland. Thereafter, it was agreed to transfer the case to the Birmingham Presbytery, which was appointed by the Synod to meet on the sixth day of the ensuing month, and of which the congregation at Shelton is to form a part, there not being sufficient time for this Presbytery to take the necessary preliminary steps in due order for the induction of Mr. Martyn into Shelton, before the said congregation ceased to be under the jurisdiction of this court. Messrs. Fergusson and Gardner were appointed a deputation, to wait upon the Birmingham Presbytery, in order to express the brotherly feeling of this Presbytery towards them, and to give any explanations that may be required in the case transferred to them.

The Presbytery adjourned to examine St. George's day-school, and after examining the various classes in all the exercises in which they were wont to engage from day to day, the Presbytery expressed their high satisfaction therewith, and desired to record its high estimation of the qualifications of Mr. Gardner as a teacher, and specially of his power in communicating secular and religious instruction to the young under his charge.

LIVERPOOL, JULY 7.-Held its ordinary monthly meeting. The Commissioner appointed to prosecute Mr. M'Liesh's translation, reported, that the Free Presbytery of Perth, without deciding as to the prospects of usefulness at Ancoats and Methven respectively, found, that in the absence of any opinion in favour of the translation on the

Mr. Fergusson gave notice, that at next meeting he would bring forward a motion to consider what steps the Presbytery should take in regard to the connexion which the Presbytery has with such buildings as are held or may be held by the congregations within the bounds of the Presbytery.

Ecclesiastical Notices.


A NEW place of worship was opened on Sabbath, the 19th September, in the large room of Messrs. Baker, Upper-street, Islington, in connexion with the Presbyterian Church in England, under the sanction of the London The Presbytery resolved to meet at Salford Presbytery. The Rev. W. Alexander, of the on the 20th inst., to induct Mr. Robinson; Free Church of Duntocher, preached in the Mr. Foster to preach and preside; Mr. Gard-morning an eloquent discourse from the text, ner to deliver a discourse on Presbyterian" By grace are ye saved," to a large and highly polity, and Mr. M'Cleland to address the minis- respectable and attentive audience; and in ter and congregation. The edict was appointed the evening, from "Christ is precious," when to be served on Sabbath the 11th inst. Committees were appointed to examine the students of the Theological College within the bounds of the Presbytery.

MANCHESTER, AUGUST 4.-Met, and was duly constituted. Rev. A. M'Lean, Moderator, p. t.

The consideration of the memorial from certain parties residing at the North-end, Liverpool, craving the concurrence and sanction of the Presbytery to the memorialists opening a preaching station there, was referred to a Committee, consisting of Rev. Messrs. Welsh, Fergusson, Gardner, and White, ministers; and Messrs, Lamont, Baird, and Arnott, elders; Mr. Welsh, Convener.

Mr. Welsh was appointed to dispense the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, to St. Peter's congregation, Liverpool, on the first Sabbath of September next.

Mr. Robinson, minister at Salford, Manchester, applied to the Presbytery for the appointment of Assessors to form, and do all the duties of a session in his congregation. The application was granted, and the Rev. Messrs. Cowe, and M'Caw, ministers; with Mr. Thomas Greig, elder, were appointed Assessors; closed with prayer. Adjourned, to meet at Liverpool.

the room was crowded to the door.

We heartily wish prosperity to this new station, because we believe that in Islington there is ample room for a second congregation, the church of our excellent brother, Mr. Weir, in River-terrace, being at every service crowded to excess. We trust that we shall always have to refer only to the prosperous and growing welfare of this Church; and that no check may be given to their progress, or hindrance to general sympathy with their interest, by their unnecessary interference with any other congregation.

THE LATE REV. JOSIAS WILSON. FROM the affectionate veneration and esteem with which the memory of this lamented minister is cherished by the members of his late charge at River Terrace, Islington, we are not surprised to learn that they have contributed a sum of about sixty pounds for the erection of a suitable monument over his remains, at Highgate Cemetery. It is an interesting proof of the peculiar power of the deceased in attracting the love of young persons, that part of the above sum was a voluntary offering from children in the Sabbath-school, connected with the church. We have seen the design of the monument, which is now being prepared. It is to consist of PRESBYTERY OF BERWICK -APPOINTMENT Sicilian marble, after a very chaste and beautiful design, and will be about ten feet in height. We are happy to find from the success which has already marked the ministry of his successor, that the blessed results of the labours of the departed are likely to be perpetuated in Islington. Since his arrival in London, Mr. Weir has been preaching to crowded congregations, and we learn that the Sabbath-school and Bible classes in connexion with River Terrace, are in a very flourishing state. We pray that an abundant blessing from the great Head of the Church may continue to rest on the minister and people of this important charge.


THE Colonial Committee of the Free Church
of Scotland having appointed the Rev. Thomas
D. Nicholson, of Lowick, as pastor of the con-
gregation at Nelson, in New Zealand, the
Presbytery of Berwick met at Lowick, on
Tuesday, the 14th September, to determine in
the case. Parties being heard, the members
of Presbytery then severally addressed the
court, and the following deliverance was come
to:-"After a patient and prayerful con-
sideration of the whole circumstances of the
case, the Presbytery, while regretting ex-
ceedingly the loss sustained by the removal
of their highly esteemed co-presbyter, and a
faithful labourer in his Master's vineyard;
agreed, without a division, to loose, and
hereby do loose, the Rev. Thomas Dickson
Nicholson, from his pastoral charge at Lowick,
enjoin him to continue his labours among his
present people for a little, and declare that
his pastoral relation to the congregation at
Lowick shall cease at the time of his de-
parture to New Zealand."

MIND not much who is with thee, or who
is against thee; but take care that God may
be with thee in everything that thou doest.

KEEP a good conscience, and God will keep thee.

IN everything somewhat will be wanting, and in every place there will be some cross. In Christ alone canst thou find perfect peace and a satisfying portion.

As a ship without a rudder is tossed to and fro with the waves; so the man that is negligent is in many ways tempted.


THE Annual Examination of the Sabbathschools in connexion with St. James's Church, took place here on Sabbath, the 12th September. There were about 250 children present. A large number of their parents and friends attended to witness the refreshing spectacle. The minister, Mr. Thomson, presided; the younger classes were examined on the initiatory catechisms, and the senior ones underwent a close and searching examination on the Shorter Catechism and Scripture history, in all which the children acquitted themselves in a manner most creditable to their teachers, most satisfactory to their pastors, and most delightful to their friends. After the examination, Mr. Thomson affectionately addressed the children and their parents, and teachers; and at the conclusion of the address, the children's missionary box was opened, and its contents, amounting to 27. 10s. 11 d., divided by them between the

Home and Foreign Missionary Schemes. The amount of contributions during this year, is more than treble that of last year, the one being 14s. 2d., the other being as above 27. 10s. 11d.; of which the sum of 13s. 8d. was contributed by one of the two country schools.

There are three schools in connexion with the church. And while the greatest zeal and patience and attention are exhibited by all the teachers (thirty-one in number), special testimony should be borne to the labours of the young men, Mr. John Appleby, and Mr. Robert Wilkinson, who have undertaken the labour of the country schools. Their stations are distant from Alnwick, each about four miles; thither they cheerfully proceed every Sabbath at the conclusion of the forenoon's services in the church. Seldom indeed, were they absent from their posts, even during the worst weather of the last winter, and only then when the roads were absolutely impassable. They have laid the Church here under lasting obligations; they have their reward from the "good Shepherd;" and in the glad welcome they receive from their young charge, and in the constant attendance and earnest attention of most of the parents, and in the marked increase of knowledge and desire for spiritual food, they are made to feel that the Lord doth bless their labours, and will make themselves a blessing. The state of the Sabbath-schools here is most satisfactory.




own liberality enlarged by the kindly response of sympathy, and the honest welcome you will meet with in every visit. You will find more hearty sympathy amongst the poor than in our wealthier families.

2d. Never discontinue your visits to any

IN connexion with the Synod of the Presbyterian Church in England, adhering to the Westminster Confession agreed to by the Assembly of Divines, A. D. 1648, and in communion with the Free Church of Scot-your district upon a refusal to contribute, exland. cept the refusal proceed from avowed enmity to your principles, and be obstinately persisted in.-Let your maxim be, Try again, and fortify yourselves with the conviction that your cause demands your utmost perseverance, and that, if you conquer the reluctant, you confer a benefit upon themselves.


The Presbyterian Congregation worshipping in Broad-street Church, built their present place of worship in the year 1834, to contain 274 sittings. While there was no Presbytery nearer than London, and while comparative lukewarmness prevailed in the Presbyterian Church in England, the edifice was amply sufficient for the number of worshippers.

A Presbytery, however, having been recently formed for the Midland District, and the Church having bestirred itself to engage in evangelistic work among the masses that are perishing for lack of knowledge, the old building is inadequate. For this, we ascribe all the praise to God.

In the locality of the present church, no other places of worship exist: so that a wide and daily extending field of usefulness has been left to the Presbyterian congregation to break up and to cultivate. In these circumstances, we may not excuse ourselves, by saying, "The time for the Lord's work is not yet come;" but rather, in the spirit of Nehemiah, do we say, "The God of heaven, He will prosper us; therefore we, his servants, will arise and build."

on the 3d instant.

A resolution to that effect was unanimously adopted, at a congregational meeting, held and William Hamilton, Esq., of London, were The Rev. W. Chalmers present on the occasion, and aided us by their which sum 1,1007. were subscribed at the counsel. The estimated cost is 3,000l., of meeting by members of the congregation. But, in order to uphold Divine ordinances among themselves, and to extend their influence to missionary and educational enterprizes, the congregation are desirous of entering their new place of worship free of

THE Rev. John M'Murray, Presbyterian minister, who has been appointed to one of the Free Church Mission Stations, at Kingston, Upper Canada, preached his farewell sermon on the 22d August last, from 2 Cor. xiii. 11, to a full and sorrowing congregation. The minister, as well as the people, seemed deeply affected during the services of the day. At the conclusion of the sermon, Mr. John Mean, one of the elders, at the request and in the name of the session, and other friends, presented to Mr. M'Murray, as a token of their affectionate regard, the works of the late Dr. Chalmers, consisting of twenty-five volumes. -After a suitable reply from Mr. McMurray,gregation for aid, as for an undertaking which We appeal to every individual of our conthe choir sung a few verses of a hymn composed for the occasion, by Mr. R. Waterston, they have not always before them. one of the elders. During the service, eight deacons were ordained, and three children baptized. Altogether the services were of a most solemn and interesting character, and will be long remembered by the people. This being the minister's first church, and he the people's first pastor, rendered the separation

the more affecting. Mr. M Murray has occupied this station about two years and a-half.


It will give great pleasure throughout all our Churches to hear that the Rev. J. R. Mackenzie, of Birmingham, has, by the Divine blessing on his labours, already organized a congregation which requires a new and larger place of worship. At a meeting of the congregation held on the 3d of September last, it was resolved, inter alia, "That a new

church be built, to contain not less than 800.

or more than 1,000 sittings for adults; that the property be held under trust for the use of members of the Presbyterian Church in England; that every member and adherent of the Church become a collector for raising the necessary funds; and that the members of other communions, and the public generally, be invited to assist in this undertaking." The following circular has been issued along with the collecting cards :


We appeal to Christians who must have compassion on those children to whom we have been obliged to refuse admittance for want of accommodation.

We appeal also to the friends of the Presbyterian soldiers, who have no Presbyterian place of worship, in Birmingham, wherein to

worship the Lord their God, after the manner of their fathers.

We are confident that, with such a cause, and with such a wide field of Christian philanthropy before us, we cannot appeal in vain to the friends of Christ to aid us with their contributions and co-operation, as far as they are responsible to him for the wider extension of his kingdom.

The first number of a periodical paper has been also issued for the use of the congregation, called The Remembrancer of the Presbyterian Church, Broad-street, Birming.



From this paper we extract some advice to collectors, which may be useful elsewhere as well as at Birmingham :—


1st. Never be afraid, in your benevolent Mission, to enter into the houses of the poor.— There is an apprehension with many, that they may be repulsed and uncivilly treated. No apprehension can be more unfounded. Your own heart will be benefited and your

3d. Never force any one to contribute to your cause against his will.-Persuade men to give, but let there be no extortion. Plead your cause,-circulate information-spare no pains to change the will, and win, in behalf of your Christian enterprise, the unanimous concurrence of the people of your district; but compelled offerings, like a stream forced from its natural channel, soon dry up, and leave a grudge against you and your cause in the heart of the giver. Convince the will, and the offerings you receive will be both large in amount, and cheerfully given.

4th. Never yield to the suggestion that any household is too poor to subscribe.-The false persuasion-"O, such persons have nothing to give"-will hang as a dead weight and drag upon your efforts, until the deceitful imagination utterly paralyze you, and drive you from your post of duty. There is no household but by your friendly and Christian intercourse may be put upon expedients for economising many times the sum you ask for repay the contribution fourfold. your object,-none to which you might not

5th. Never forget that you are honouring tribution to the cause of Christ.-You misboth rich and poor, when you ask their conunderstand the poor if you suppose you approach them most acceptably in the character of a giver, or that they alone are strangers to the maximto give than to receive." Why should not the widow have an opportunity of giving her mite, and the poor enjoy the luxury, with satisfaction of bestowing their substance for their wealthier brethren, of doing good,-the the Gospel's sake?

"It is more blessed

If, in addition to the observation of these simple directions you seek to deepen the impression on your own minds of the sacredness of the work to which the Church has called you, we have no fear that your exertions will slacken, or that you will rest before your work is done. Let the greatness of the issues that are suspended upon your exertions fortify your minds against impatience, despondency, and repulses, and the languor that follows when the first excitement of a new undertaking is spent. Keep alive the conviction of your individual responsibility for the continued preaching of the Gospel, and with your labours unite daily prayer, that, while you are erecting and upholding the outward tabernacle for the worship of God, he would appear in his glory, and build up a spiritual Zion. "Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might." (Eccles. ix. 10.) "Work while it is day, the night

(John ix.

cometh when no man can work." 4.) "When I was an hungered, ye gave me meat; thirsty, and ye gave me drink; when 1 was a stranger, ye took me in; naked, and ye clothed me; I was sick, and ye visited me; I was in prison, and ye came unto me." (Matt. XXV. 35, 36.) "I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first." (Rev. ii. 19.)



ON Tuesday evening, the 31st August, the
Anniversary Meeting of the Brampton Pres-
byterian Missionary Association was held;
T. H. Graham, Esq., of Edmond Castle, in

the chair.

After singing a part of the 72d Psalm, the Rev. Dr. Brown read a portion of Scripture, and the Rev. Richard Hunter, of Carlisle, engaged in prayer.

The Chairman, who, although a conscientious member of the Church of England, is ever ready to support the religious institutions of every Evangelical denomination, opened the proceedings with a suitable address, in which he expressed the pleasure he had of being present at the second Anniversary of this Missionary Association. Referring to the destitution which prevailed during the past year in many parts of our country, and to the prospect of an abundant harvest, which should call forth our gratitude to Almighty God, he was reminded of that passage of Scripture, "The harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers are few." He employed this as an argument for increased interest in the cause of Missions, and for liberality on the part of Christians of all denominations.

Dr. Brown was then called on for the
Report of last year's proceedings.
It appeared that the Association

has yielded during the year
The Juvenile Missionary Box in
the Sunday School, and the
Christmas Juvenile Collecting
Cards, yielded
Collections, clonations, and sub-
scriptions, for Home and Foreign
Missions, including the proceeds
from last Anniversary.
Collections and subscriptions for
the College and School Schemes,
and for the Synod Fund
Subscriptions for the destitute
Scotch and Irish

0 13


it been comprised within any reasonable
limits. But the MS. sent to us is literally
several yards long!-about fifteen feet by five
or six inches broad, in close and small writing.
No part of our paper is more useful or im-
portant than the record of local proceedings,
but if the speeches of every missionary or
congregational meeting were given at length,
little room would remain for anything else.
We beg our friends to exercise a little con-
sideration and compassion, as well as wisdom.
A brief notice is sure to be inserted; a very
long one is either laid aside, or entails much
labour in condensing and arranging. In a
publication appearing only once a-month the
reading and selecting of the mass of materials
contributed is no easy matter, and if ever any
thanks are deserved by an Editor, it is far
more for what is not printed than for what is
printed.-It will be obvious, from the way in
which we have spoken of the Brampton meet-
ing, that no disrespect is meant towards our
worthy correspondent, whose regard for his
minister and the cause there no doubt led to
his zeal, but we have taken this opportunity
of throwing out some hints for the considera-
tion of others.]


WE are glad that this congregation has obtained an able and faithful pastor, the Rev. William Johnstone, of Belfast, who was elected £10 12 2 unanimously, and has been settled in his new charge. Mr. Johnstone was a pupil of Dr. Chalmers, and of the Theological Hall at Edinburgh, and at Belfast has been most favourably known as a student, and afterwards, as a successful and esteemed minister. We congratulate the Townsend-street congregation on this appointment, and our 5 15 10 River-terrace friends especially will in this feeling join us, remembering the generous way in which that congregation has twice consented to the translation of their minister. May God render unto them a fourfold blessing in their spiritual as well as outward prosperity!

3 9 0

1 1 0

.... £21 11 0

Making in all, for one year
The subscription for the destitute would
have been much larger had not many of our
people given their contributions for that ob-
ject to other parties before it was known that
there would be a separate subscription.*

It further appeared from Dr. Brown's Report, that the Sabbath-school, library, and other congregational objects, were in promising condition. A son of Dr. Brown had sent a generous donation of seventy-five volumes to the library.

Resolutions were proposed by the Rev. R. Hunter, of the United Presbyterian Church, Carlisle; Rev. J. M. Dixon, of the Free Church of Scotland; Rev. J. Burns, of Whitehaven; Mr. Armstrong, one of the elders, and superintendent of the Sabbath-school; and Mr. Duncan, teacher of the day-school. A collection for the Foreign and Jewish Missions was then made, amounting to 57. 2s. Joseph Coulthard, Esq., proprietor of Croft House Academy, after some appropriate remarks, proposed the thanks of the Meeting to their excellent and respected Chairman, and to the reverend gentlemen who had addressed the meeting. The meeting was concluded with' a Doxology and Benediction.

[We would gladly have inserted the full Report of this very interesting meeting had

The minister, office-bearers, and congregation at Brampton, deserve great credit for their liberality and

their labours. They raise more, we believe, in proportion to their number and means, than any congregation in our Synod: and, in actual amount, only about fourteen congregations exceed the contributions of this, which is one of the humblest of our country Churches.


Dr. Chalmers, as he was found on his death-
A LITHOGRAPHIC portrait has appeared of
bed on the morning of his departure. As
be given under such circumstances, the pre-
far as a representation of the man could
sent attempt is successful, and to many it will
It has a statue-like effect, and might have
be a valued and interesting remembrancer.
been designed as the model for an admirable
sculpture. The portrait is on sale by Messrs.
Partridge and Oakey, 34, Paternoster-row.

THE THRONE OF GRACE. The righteous
Lord sits upon that throne, but his face has
it. On whatever part of that throne you cast
no frown upon it,-his voice has no terror in
your eye, you see it inscribed with grace in all its
variety of application to your circumstances.
There is grace to blot out your trespasses,
is grace to purify your hearts, though they be
though they be "red like crimson." There
full of all uncleanness. There is grace to
subdue your enemies, though they "come
upon you as a flood." There is grace to con-
sole you amidst all your sorrows, though they
be great, and multiplied, and protracted.
There is grace to guide you through life, to
cheer you at death, and to carry you to
throne of grace, so surely will he listen to the
heaven; and, as surely as God sits upon the
prayers that you prefer at his footstool, and
uphold the character which he himself has
enstamped upon it, by freely tendering and
imparting to you whatsoever you ask in
sincerity and faith.-Rev. Dr. A. Thompson.


THE letter of which the following is a copy was sent by an esteemed minister of the Free Church in Edinburgh, the Rev. Francis Gillies, along with the official letter of the General Assembly, on the subject of the Sustentation Fund. The remarks are so very judicious, and are pervaded by so excellent a spirit, that we are tempted to publish the letter, believing that our brother will pardon the liberty thus taken, if thereby haply others may be stirred up to the exercise of that grace of Christian liberality which is so earnestly and affectionately urged :—

"My dear friend in the Lord,-Allow me, in my own name and in that of our KirkSession, respectfully to solicit that you would most attentively peruse the accompanying pastoral letter of the General Assembly of our Church.

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"I have already taken an opportunity of directing your attention to the scriptural doctrine relative to the maintenance and extension of the Gospel ministry in the land. We have seen that the Lord, who is the Head of the Church, and her Legislator in this, as in everything else spiritual, hath ordained that they which preach the Gospel should live of the Gospel.' (1 Cor. ix. 14.) Similar declarations will be found in Matthew x. 10; Galatians vi. 6; 1 Timothy iv. 17, 18. I rejoice to see, that, in obedience to one part of this command of our Lord, you regularly attend upon the preaching of the Gospel by that ministry, and I fervently pray that He would make it the savour of life unto life' to your soul. I would, however, earnestly solicit you prayerfully to inquire whether, in obedience to the other portion of this ordinance of our Lord, you be doing what in you lies, and what therefore He expects and deserves from you, for the proper support and the progressive extension of that ministry throughout the country.

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Remember that this call is that of the Lord himself. It comes not from the Church merely, but from the surrendered the endowments of the State At His call we Church's glorious Head. because it would not allow us to retain them now, in his providence, calls upon his people except upon unscriptural conditions. to replace them by an adequate substitute in tributions, unless they mean to dispense with the shape of their own free and cordial conan efficient ministry. You, as one of his people, profess to hope that He hath given Himself for you and also to you as your own Saviour.

'How much, then, owest thou to thy Lord?' and what art thou now giving and doing for thy Lord in obedience to this his command, and for this his cause?

"Our Lord might indeed have miraculously maintained his ministering servants as He did Elijah of old; or He might have employed the service of angels who are altoHe has chosen to ordain it otherwise. To gether independent of man's support. But you and his professing people He hath assigned the duty, given the honour, and granted the privilege, of gratefully acknowledging his goodness and shewing regard to Himself, by thus contributing to the support of his servants, while so engrossed in his work that they cannot and may not maintain extra-ministerial exertions. He has appointed themselves and their families by their own his people to be his channels for conveying his own provision to his servants. We believe that He (whose we are, and whom we serve) will richly provide for us; and since He employs his people as his agents and distributors

of that provision, we believe that He will make them both able and willing to uphold and extend his own ministry wherever, in his providence, He calls for its establishment; and therefore most frankly and confidently do we cast ourselves upon them in this


and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth only to poverty. The liberal soul shall be made fat; and he that watereth shall be watered himself.' (Prov. xi. 24, 25.)

"We have not the slightest doubt but that you will take in good part, as all Christians ought to do, this endeavour, on our side, to assist you in ascertaining your duty.

"And now, desiring an interest in your prayers for ourselves, and commending you most heartily to our gracious God, and praying that He would enrich you, as with every other Christian grace, so also with this grace of liberality in his cause, and 'so to make all grace abound toward you, that you, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work.' "I remain, yours most affectionately, in the bonds of the Gospel,

of chemistry if they pleased, but the Government would not endow it-that was all. Their present chairs were free from every controul but that of the Assembly. The plan of class arrangement was then passed, and the Assembly adjourned till Wednesday morning at seven o'clock.

"I believe that some of our congregations and people are now giving to the fund up to the full extent of their ability and with their whole heart: may the Lord accept of their offerings, and repay them tenfold into their own bosoms! It may happen, however, that there are others, and not a few, of our professed communicants and adherents, who never yet have realized their obligation in this matter, and who, hitherto, have given either not at all, or but very partially indeed, to this the great Central Fund of our Church, and the main prop of all her agencies and operations? To which class do you belong? "As to how much each individual ought to give, that must be left to be settled between the individual and his Lord who gives GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE IRISH teacher of this Assembly, and his tickets and

the call, and who alone can judge how it is met. Our duty, as Christ's Church officers, consists just in beseeching you,-as we now do most affectionately and seriously, as in the sight of the Lord, and with his throne of judgment in view, to examine whether or not you are, individually, now giving or withholding what He has a right to expect at your hands. Let every man thus ponder and pray over the matter. Let each be fully persuaded in his own mind and on his own responsibility, and then, whatsoever he doeth or giveth, let it be done heartily and believingly, as unto the Lord, and not as unto man. Freely ye have received, freely give.' 'He that soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.' 'God loveth a cheerful giver.'

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"Our Church has at last resolved, by the blessing of God, to make an effort to increase the Sustentation Fund this year, so as to admit of giving a dividend of 1507. instead of 1207. per annum to each of our ministers. All acquainted with affairs universally agree that the former is by no means too large a


With the exception of those in the large towns, our ministers are almost entirely dependent upon what they receive from the Fund. Now, an additional 27,000l. will be required to realize the object in view. The several presbyteries and congregations are now universally and strenuously exerting themselves to contribute their share of the necessary increase. The Presbytery of Edinburgh is to meet again on

when the various Sessions are required to be prepared to state what increase may be anticipated from their respective congregations. In order to prepare our Session for answering that question, we have now to request, that you would, without delay, consider the whole subject candidly and prayerfully, and in a few days you will be called upon by the Session, to learn what increase you can promise. May the Lord give you grace to feel and to discharge your duty aright, for 'there is that scattereth and yet increaseth;



THIS venerable body met on Tuesday, September 14 (an adjourned meeting), in Belfast; the Rev. Mr. M'Clure, of Derry, Moderator. The principal business was the election of Professors for the four additional chairs lately endowed by Government exclusively for the Presbyterian Church. The Rev. Dr. Brown moved that the election should be postponed to the next general meeting of Assembly in July 1848, the present not being a full representation of the Church. The motion was seconded by the Rev. R. Dill, Dublin. Dr. Stewart moved, as an amendment, that the Report of the Education Committee should be taken into consideration forthwith, immediately after which they should proceed to the election of Professors. The Rev. John Johnstone seconded the amendment, which was carried. The Assembly then adjourned till the evening.

The evening sederunt of the Assembly yesterday was principally occupied in discussing the Report of the Committee on the plan of arrangement laid down for conducting the classes in the new Presbyterian College. Previous to the Report being handed in and read by Mr. Gibson, the Convener, an interesting conversation arose on the position which this College will hold in relation to the Government or Queen's College. Dr. Huston made a statement to the effect, that he understood the Moderator had received a document from Government, saying tantamount to this, that the present endowments for the eight provincial chairs would be endangered if they were to establish any chairs which might come into contact with those set apart for the secular curriculum of students in Queen's College. The Moderator denied that he had received any such communication. Dr. Morgan, the late Moderator, and who had conducted all the negotiations with Government, made the important statement that, in all the communications he had had with the Treasury, with Mr. Labouchere, and with Lord John Russell, Queen's College never once was mentioned, and he was satisfied that the endowments would be given to them without the slightest restriction; in fact, the idea of their being restricted in the slightest was entirely out of the question. The Government would not interfere with them; but, certainly, any chairs they might see necessary to found besides those already endowed, would not receive any support from the executive. Dr. Stewart supported that view, and said they might establish a chair

On Wednesday, the morning was spent in regulating the students' fees, a motion of Dr. Brown to educate the sons of ministers free, being put and lost by a large majority. The mid-day sitting was taken up with electing professors to the Greek and Hebrew chairs. Mr. Edward Masson, formerly of Scotland, and latterly a resident of Greece, received the first by a majority of seventeen over Dr. Murphy of Belfast. Dr. Murphy was ap pointed to the latter by a large majority over Mr. Edmonston, and the late Hebrew teacher for the Assembly, Mr. Hart. It was subsequently carried unanimously, on the motion of Dr. Cooke, seconded by Dr. Stewart, that Mr. Hart be still recognised as an accredited certificates received by Presbyteries and Committees.

At the evening sederunt, the Court proceeded to elect Professors of Christian Ethics and of Sacred Rhetoric. For the first, there was seven names proposed; several of them, including Dr. Hanna of the Free Church of Scotland, without having come forward as candidates.

Dr. Edgar said, that in accordance with the advertisement relative to the elections, wherein "the Assembly do not pledge themselves to elect from candidates who offer, but may call on any one whom they prefer, should it seem expedient," he now proposed that Dr. Morgan be elected Professor of Sacred Rhetoric, and Dr. Cooke of Christian Ethics. Dr. Morgan declined the honour proposed for him, and preferred his present duty as pastor of his congregation. High as Dr. Morgan's character stands, and great as would have been the benefit to the college by his appointment, we are disposed to think that he will be of more service, even to the students, by the practical exhibition of ministerial and pastoral labour in his model congregation, than by academical lectures. After some conversation, during which several of the candidates expressed their readiness to withdraw their claims if Dr. Cooke's name was proposed; Dr. Cooke was called upon to say if he consented to be nominated for one or other of these chairs, and which he would choose. After being heard, it was moved that Dr. Cooke be elected to the Rhetoric chair. Mr. Dobbin and Mr. Gowdy being also proposed, the votes stood thus: Cooke, 174, Dobbin, 30, Gowdy, 20. In the chair of Ethics, five successive votes were taken, the lowest candidate being in each case struck off, and the last vote was for Mr. Gibson, 134, for Mr. Molyneux, 71. The other names were Dr. Hanna, Mr. D. G. Brown, Dr. Coulter, and Mr. M'Neight. The Assembly adjourned at 3 A.M., on Thursday morning.

On Thursday, the Assembly appointed a DAY OF PUBLIC THANKSGIVING, to be kept throughout the Presbyterian Church of Ireland, for the mercies of God in the past season, and a collection was appointed on that day for the Home Mission, by which the Gospel is to be sent to their Roman Catholic countrymen. The other business was not of public importance.

O FOR strength to offer a holy violence by faith and prayer! The violent take the kingdom by force.




"So thou, with sails, how swift! hast reach'd the shore
Where tempests never beat, or billows roar;
But me, scarce hoping to attain that rest,
Always from port withheld, always distrest.
Me, howling winds drive devious, tempest-toss'd.”
-Vide "Address."

And thou hast reach'd it! Canaan's peaceful shore !
Round thee life's tossing billows rage no more.
Thine anchor-hold was fix'd within the veil,
Though rudely Satan's tempests might assail.
And thou hast met her!-once so loved below,-
Before that throne, where saints and angels bow;
Thy lips o'erflow with rich melodious praise,
While, hand in hand, a grateful song ye raise!
No more to part !-forgotten all thy woes!
Earth's painful journey now hath reach'd its close.

The tears, that steep'd thy path through life's dark night,

Ne'er dim the glories of celestial light!

Sing on, thou victor! cloth'd in seraph white,

While o'er thy brow there gleams that crown so bright;

Still on Immanuel fix thine ardent gaze,
And still more loudly swell thy notes of praise!
Sing on! let His glad triumphs rend the sky!
None can be mute, who feel the Saviour nigh;
And saints below, with angel hosts above,
Declare his grace in ceaseless songs of love!



My friends, alas! how soon remov'd,
And I, bereav'd of those I lov'd,

Am left to mourn their loss !

How perishing is all below!

How full of change, and grief and woe,

And sin, the heaviest cross!

O may I learn from man to cease;
When shall I have an inward peace

To keep my heart and mind?

Though death's rough blast my comforts shake,
Though he my choicest friends shall take,
Yet peace in God I find.
Friendship divine my hope shall raise,
Exalt my mind, excite my praise,-
Nor will it ever fail:

When I death's gloomy vale shall tread,
My heavenly friend my steps shall lead,
And o'er my foes prevail.

With rapture, then, shall I unite
With those in whom I now delight,
While sojourning below:

What unknown joy when I survey
Beloved friends in realms of day,
And each distinctly know!

R. H. SHEPherd.


How sweet is the counsel, the voice of a friend,

In sorrow and sadness, O" hope to the end !" If hope shall decay, in bereavement's dark hour,


I. Begin the day with God; never neglect to make prayer first, and allow nothing upon any account to hinder your performance of this duty. Be devout, earnest, and serious. Be this your motto: "Begin with God." (Ps. v. 3.)

II. Expect trials; and seek strength for the trials, and grace for the duties of the day. (Deut. xxxiii. 25.)

III. Watch occasions of good to improve; and of evil to shun them. (Rom. xii. 9.) IV. Be not weary of well doing. (Gal. vi. 9.) Nor cease from striving against sin. (Heb. xii. 4.)


I. Do I love God; trying always to please him, and fearing to offend him? (Luke. x. 27.) II. What end have I in view in all my pursuits? Is it the glory of God? (1 Cor. x. 31.)

III. How do I read the Scriptures? Is it with a sincere desire to gain spiritual knowledge? Do I pray for this? (Ps. cxix. 18.) IV. How do I pray? Do my prayers come from my heart? Are they sincere, and offered up in humility? Do I watch, and strive, and pray against wandering thoughts -against coldness and formality in prayer? (John iv. 24.)

V. Do I daily call myself to account for my daily sins-humbling myself before God with a broken and contrite heart-seeking through Jesus, and him alone, pardon and peace? (2 Cor. xiii. 5; Ps. li. 17.)

VI. Do I love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity? (John xxi. 17.)

VII. Do I love God with all my heart, and my neighbour as myself? (Matt. xxii. 37 -39; John xv. 17.)

VIII. Do I pray for, and desire the spiritual good of all, and seek to promote it by my consistent example, and by persevering endeavours? (Phil. i. 4; 1 Tim. ii. 1.)

IX. Do I order my conversation aright, saying nothing passionate, mischievous, or slanderous? (Phil. i. 27; Col. iv. 6.)

Prayer, reading the Scriptures, meditation, self-examination, spiritual conversation, and

If we muse on our weakness when storms round us lower, public worship, are means of grace, blessed

If we turn not to Christ, and on Him rely,

If we hear not his voice-" Fear not, it is I,"

O then shall our bark, frail, and frequently toss'd

On the ocean of life, midst its perils be lost;

But Hope is our anchor, the soul's steady stay, It is fixed upon Jesus in each stormy day. Pimlico.

R. H. SHEPHerd.

SPEAK gently! it is better far
To rule by love than fear.
Speak gently! let not harsh words mar
The good we might do here.
Speak gently! love doth whisper low,
The love that true hearts bind;
And gently friendship's accents flow,-
Affection's voice is kind.
Speak gently to the young, for they
Will have enough to bear;
Pass through this life, as best they may,
'Tis full of anxious care.
Speak gently to the little child,
Its love be sure to gain :

Teach it in accents soft and mild,
It may not long remain.
Speak gently to the aged one;

Grieve not the care-worn heart;
The sands of life are well-nigh run,
Let such in peace depart.
Speak gently-kindly to the poor,
Let no harsh tones be heard ;
They have enough they must endure,"
Without an unkind word.
Speak gently to the erring, know
They may have toil'd in vain ;
Perhaps unkindness made them so,
Oh win them back again.
Speak gently! He who gave his life
To bend man's stubborn will,
When elements were in fiercest strife,
Said to them" Peace-be still."
Speak gently!-'tis a little thing
Dropped in the heart's deep well,-
The good-the joy-that it may bring
Eternity shall tell.

of God to all those who use them aright.


Remember that Thou hast every day—a God to glorify-a Christ to imitate-a soul to save -a body to mortify-sins to weep overgrace to implore-a heaven to gain-a hell to avoid-an eternity to meditate on-time to redeem a neighbour to edify-a world to fear-passions to subdue-death, perhaps, to suffer and judgment to undergo. "What manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness?" (2 Peter iii. 11-14.)

"Behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation." (2 Cor. vi. 2.) -Extract from a Tract of Short Prayers, by the Rev. Richard Shepherd, M.A., of St. Mar

garet's, Herts.

FORM OF PRESBYTERIAN WORSHIP IN 1638. (From M'Cric's “Sketches of Scottish Church History.”)

HAVING described the external reformation thus effected, let us now take a glance into the interior of a Presbyterian kirk, and see how the public worship was conducted about 1638. At eight o'clock on Sabbath morning appeared in the desk the reader, whose office it was to read the prayers from Knox's Liturgy, and portions of Scripture, These before the minister entered the pulpit. readers were found so useful to the ministers,

that although the office had been declared by the General Assembly, to be without warrant, they were still allowed to officiate, and continued to do so till the Westminster Assembly, when, much against the inclination of the Scots Commissioners, they were condemned. The last relic of these ancient functionaries appeared in the practice, which was common till of late in some of the parishes of Scotland, of the precentor or the schoolmaster, reading some chapters of the Bible before the ringing of the last bell. Immediately on entering the pulpit, the minister kneeled down, and began with prayer, the people generally kneeling also. It was customary at some part of the service to repeat the Lord's Prayer and the Doxology; but, in other respects, the worship was unfettered by forms, the officiating minister guiding the devotion of his flock, as Justin Martyr describes those of the primitive Christians, "according to his ability, without a prompter." Prayer being ended, the congregation joined in singing a portion of the Psalms; a part of the service in which they took great delight, and in which they were so well instructed, that many of them could sing without the aid of a psalm-book. The psalm being sung, the minister offered up another short prayer, beseeching the influences of the Spirit to accompany the word preached. And then followed the sermon; which having been succeeded by prayer and praise, the congregation was dismissed with the apostolic blessing.

According to the form now described, public worship was conducted in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation down to the period of which we are writing; and it has continued, with a few inconsiderable variations, to be the form observed from that time to the present.


CHRISTIANS may mistake their growth, and that in two ways. First, by judging of their case according to their present feeling. They observe themselves and cannot perceive that they are growing. But there's no reason thence to conclude that they are not growing. The seed springs up, and grows he knows not how. (Mark iv. 27.) Should one fix his eye never so steadily on the sun running his race, the sun moving nor the tree growing; but if or on a growing tree, he would not perceive he compare the tree as it now is, with what it in the heavens where the sun was in the was some years ago; and consider the place morning; he'll certainly perceive the tree has grown, and the sun moved. In like manner may

the Christian know whether he be in a

growing or declining state, by comparing his present with his former condition. Secondly, Christians may mistake their case by top only, not of the root. Though a man be measuring their growth by advances of the not growing taller, he may be growing stronger. If a tree be taking with the ground, fixing itself in the earth, and spreading out its roots, 'tis certainly growing, although it be nothing taller than formerly. So albeit, a Christian may want the sweet consolation under flashes of affection, which sometimes he has had; yet if he be growing in humility, self-denial, and sense of needy dependence on Jesus Christ, he is a growing


*From a curious document in the handwriting of find that "men, women, and children, were exhorted to exercise themselves in the Psalms," and that "sundry

Calderwood (the historian of the Kirk of Scotland), we

musicians of best skill and affection, for furtherance of the

Act of Parliament anent the instructing of the youth in musick, have set down common and proper times to the whole Psalms, according to the diverse forms of metre."

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