ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة
American companies American firms basic research centers ceramics chapter civilian commercial technology development commercializing HTS competition Congress cooperation corporate costs DARPA Defense efforts electrical electronics Energy engineering Federal agencies Federal R&D fiscal Funding for HTS High-Temperature Superconductivity HTS R&D innovation integrated circuits investment Japa Japan Japanese Japanese companies Japanese firms Josephson junctions labora linear motor LTS magnets maglev train magnetically levitated trains managers manufacturing marketplace materials ment mercialization military million MITI Monbusho national laboratories National Science Foundation needs nese niobium nology NSF’s Office of Technology Option percent priorities private sector problems processing projects proposals R&D budget R&D funding role Science and Technology scientists Sematech semiconductor spend strategy tech technical technol Technology Assessment technology base technology transfer temperatures tions tive U.S. companies U.S. firms U.S. Government U.S. industry United universities
الصفحة 89 - Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President and to serve as Science and Technology Adviser to the President.
الصفحة 67 - International Competitiveness in Electronics (Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment, November 1983), pp. 413-422. On patenting, below, see SK Yoder, "Rush to Exploit New Superconductors Makes Japan Even More Patent-Crazy,
الصفحة 63 - Japan pay attention to goals and objectives announced by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), or the Ministry of Finance.
الصفحة 26 - LTS materials. [Page Omitted] This page was originally printed on a gray background. The scanned version of the page is almost entirely black and is unusable. It has been intentionally omitted. If a replacement page image of higher quality becomes available, it will be posted within the copy of this report found on one of the OTA websites.
الصفحة 56 - Press, 1985), pp. 196-197. [Page Omitted] This page was originally printed on a gray background. The scanned version of the page is almost entirely black and is unusable. It has been intentionally omitted. If a replacement page image of higher quality becomes available, it will be posted within the copy of this report found on one of the OTA websites.
الصفحة 128 - Companies in the World Economy, BR Guile and H. Brooks (eds.) (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1987], p.
الصفحة 7 - American companies have taken a wait-and-see attitude. They plan to take advantage of developments as they emerge from the laboratory — someone else's laboratory — or buy into emerging markets when the time is right. Unfortunately, reactive strategies such as these have seldom worked in industries like electronics over the past 10 to 15 years.
الصفحة 152 - SMES, superconducting magnetic energy storage system: A coil or solenoid of superconducting wire in which an electric current can circulate, storing energy until needed for purposes such as feeding an electric utility grid or powering a free-electron laser. SQUID, superconducting quantum interference device: A very sensitive instrument, built with Josephson junctions, used to detect magnetic signals. STA, Science and Technology Agency: Under the Prime Minister's Office in Japan.
الصفحة 23 - Report of the White House Science Council Federal Laboratory Review Panel [Washington, DC: Office of Science and Technology Policy, May 1983). For more recent perspectives, see FV Guterl, "Technology Transfer Isn't Working,