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cution, and to perform fo great and laudable a revolution,—to make the wilds of Africa rejoice, "the wilderness become a fruitful field," and her fons and daughters which are yet unborn to laugh and fing, it would be neceffary for all the Christian nations in Europe and America to enter into a treaty prohibiting the flave trade; next, to keep ftrong bodies of troops in their new settlements; to offer premiums and other encouragements to clergymen and fchool-mafters of good morals to fettle there; each to be paid according to the number of profelytes he made and inftructed in the Chriftian religion and language peculiar to each nation under whose government they were. Alfo, to encourage West India planters and overfeers to take their flaves which had been humanized in the Weft Indies with them, and to fettle the first fugar works; and to give good encouragement to artifts and mechanics to adventure and settle amongst them. Is it not reafonable to think that as Africa flourished and underfold the Weft India products, that the Weft Indies would decline, and flavery alfo, till totally, in procefs of time, emancipated. This is very evident; for in China, where fugar is made by free Indians, it is fold cheaper than that made in the West Indies by flaves.
As I have blended the preceding observations with a few concife remarks on the nature of Creole, white, Mongrel, and black women,
with fome neceffary precautions to fteer you clear of their fyrenean allurements, rocks on which too many are caft away, permit me next to fay fomething of two other cardinal vices, -drinking and gaming,—and then I shall conclude with a page or two of found advife.
As every man, from his cradle, is prone to fome darling vice or folly, we fhould be always guarded to check or controul the first fign or appearance of inordinate defire;-to regulate our paffions, and restrain them in proper bounds. Alas! fo weak is our nature, that if we once get involved in the vortex of diffipation of any kind, we may never be infpired with grace to think seriously on our follies, or to liften with attention to the wholesome admonition of a friend; fo irresistibly we may be drawn away, 'till irretrievably funk in the quickfands of iniquity, or fhattered on the rocks of mifery and defpair ! Bad customs are easily learned, but painfully relinquished: pamper not your body; nourish it as your flave, and revere it not as your master!
It is amazing to think, how many fine young men ruin themselves by drinking to excefs: bad company, and bad examples, have destroyed millions. I have known many who, at the age of twenty-one years, would as foon take a vomit or a purge, as a pint of wine or a glass of ftrong grog; and yet thofe fober men were im
perceptibly corrupted, and in time seldom went to bed fober.
You will find that white people of all ranks and denominations, in Jamaica and the other British colonies, in general drink to excess, wines, fpirituous and malt liquors; and wreck and train their conftitutions, till they break at laft; notwithstanding, the climate is cenfured for the murder of every man who poifons himself. It is wonderful, indeed, what ftrange and unaccountable notions actuate the minds of men to be hard drinkers; thofe who have not fufficient fortitude to bear patiently the difpenfations of all-wife Providence, lull their reflection with flow poison. "Drinking is the drowning of cares, but not the curing of them."
Some good-natured men, for the fake of company, are urged to their ruin; and though fick and fqueamish every morning, they commonly return like dogs to their vomits nightly; it is an ill-bred, vulgar, and pernicious custom of those who think they cannot make much of their friends without preffing them to fwallow more than they defire. Weak, ignorant, idle men, often unite with the number of Bacchus's fwine; and yet, I knew many young men of bright abilities, who drowned their noble faculties almost nightly in bowls of infanity, or drowsy oblivion.
Grog drinking, and fmoaking fegars, is a baneful and obnoxious practice all over the Weft
West-Indies. It has been remarked, that if a man makes grog his favourite drink, and mixes it ever so weak at the beginning, he will make it ftronger and ftronger by degrees, 'till in time his throat becomes fo callous, that he will fwallow ftrong fpirits as eafy as new-milk.
Wine and ftrong liquors taken to excefs corrupt and inflame the blood-emaciate the whole frame, and dry up the course of nature: wine deprives a man of reason, strength and manhood; and infpires him with wrong notions and false paffions, which induces him to commit crimes and offences which, when fober, he would fhudder at. "O! that man should put a devil into his belly to steal away his brains!" No man can attend his bufinefs attentively or feriously, who is fond of tippling ;—" Every inordinate cup is unblessed, and the ingredient is a devil."
A bacchanalian fhould never be intrufted with any property: for he who is not fit to protect his own carcafe, is not worthy of trust. All fober men, and good women, abhor drunkards; for they are, moft certainly, very unworthy members of any community, and dangerous companions in private or public life. How often have towns and cities been deftroyed-how often have fhips been burnt, or run down on the deep and pathlefs ocean, through the carelessnefs or ftupidity of drunkards;-the fixing of a candle
a candle in an improper place-neglecting a watch-are often attended with dreadful and fatal confequences.
What an odious and ridiculous figure would the West India factor or fupercargo appear, when staggering in a Tavern or Coffee-house, or reeling through the ftreets, was he furprized by his guarantee ;-but how would the European merchant exclaim, was he to find him in this condition ratling at dice, "in or out," sporting away his property at a hazard-table.
What a pernicious enemy must that be, which transforms man, God's own image, to a level with the brute creation? If a man could but fee his. own ftupid picture properly, when intoxicated, he would hate himfelf: a drunkard reels and ftaggers through the streets, and is the fcorn of every fober man. Children and drunken men resemble each other in 'point of fecrecy; they commonly speak their mind. The drunkard, like the jackdaw in the fable, blabbers every nonfenfe, and betrays himself and friends.
"Drunkennefs reveals what fobernefs conceals."
Wine and ftrong liquors affect men amazingly: some attempt difficulties, hazards and enterprizes, which when fober they could not encounter: wine makes the trembling coward valliant, the stuttering fool loquacious, the man of sense an ideot, the impotent dotard forget