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quack, and remained a helpless object of pity. Emetic had acquainted the manager that I was putrid, and would not live two hours, and directed him to bury me the moment the breath was out of me, as my disorder was taking; upon which the creeping scoundrel ordered a coffin to be made, and a grave dug for me, and surreptitiously took seven pounds out of my trunk, which he paid for linen for shrouding, and a dozen of Madeira wine toʻget drunk at my funeral. When the messenger returned, which was some hours after, my brother book-keeper, who had some compassion for me, brought a bottle of the wine into my room, and made me take a glass of it, and in a little time after gave me more, mixed with water, which caused me to perspire very freely, so that I became cool and sensible, and retrieved in a few days amazingly; this affair confirmed the doctor's superficial skill, who shortly after died of a venereal disease, but did not neglect to make me pay an account of forty pounds, previous to his departure, for Styx; and the rascal who had my coffin and grave prepared, was for several months afterwards laughed at by the neighbouring cowlkin heroes.
When fick and languid on my bed I lay,
Quacks, in general, make as free with their conftitutions as other people, and get themselves frequently drunk, which is very wrong, for they often administer medicine when they are deprived of their senses, and visit their patients in such conditions.
When a doctor (as he is called) gets the quackery of two or three plantations, he is looked upon as an Esculapeus of the times by the managers and overseers, and gets the quackery of them and their friends also, so that it never costs him any thing for board, washing and lodging, corn, or grass. The common charge for each negroe, whether they are sick or well, is five shillings yearly, besides the benefit of venereals, for which he makes a separate charge, so that he commonly gets about one hundred, or one hundred and fifty pounds for the attendance of the negroes and and whites on each plantation yearly, and all that for about thirty shillings worth of medicine. When a quack has many plantations to attend, he visits each weekly, and keeps a small book in the sick house, in which he enters the different receipts for the fick negroes, which the ma. nager or overseer reads to some old black man or woman who attends them.
I shall here give an extract, which curiosity tempted me one day to copy from one of these books. Juno—for the belly-ach, to take a dose of rhubarb,
after it operates to drink lillipee and herring broth.
Dutchess for the lax, to eat plenty of homony:
the pills nightly, and continue the ointment
and injection. Betsy—for obstructions in particular organs, to
caution her against eating of dirt, and having
connections with men at improper sealons. Mars for the weakness in his joints, to drink
plentifully of the decoction of lignumvita, and
take a few drops of balsam capivia twice daily. Old Hollor and Sambo--for the pains in their sto
machs, to eat plenty of homony and fungee; plantation eels and cane rabbits will not hurt
them. Phaba-for the scalding, to use the injection, and
drink linseed-tea. South--for the fever, to drink sage tea, and when
the hot fit is off, to drink the bark. Samuel for his sores, to bathe them in the decoce
tion of limes and cushue leaves."
Fevers, agues, dry belly-achs, consumptions, and almost innumerable other diseases, are frequent and often fatal attendants, not only on Exropeans, but Creoles also; it often amazed me to find how imperceptibly my Hesh melted, or stole away from my skin and bones, till I became the ghost of what I had been. To-day, as ic were, I was healthy and stout, and in a few weeks after changed to a skeleton. I believe I may astribute all the fickness I ever had to heats and colds, immoderate exercise, and making too free
with my conftitution in other respects: I assure you, it is not one in ten European constitution could bear the hardships I have undergone: three years successively I have been exposed, all weathers, to the sun's almost intolerable heat, and heavy rains, in the months of January and February; when fainting 'beneath his meridian rays for want of a cooling breeze, I frequently plunged myself into a river or gully, though I never experienced the bad effect of such ill-timed bathing afterwards. When I quitted the severe toils of a planter's life, and lived regular in town, I found the climate to agree tolerably well with me, and I was as active as I am now, thank God; therefore strenuously recommend it to you to avoid heats and colds, rains, heavy fogs, mists, or dews, as niuch as possible, as well as getting your feet wet, for they are the forerunners of almost innumerable diseases.
In wet weather, the air, though cool, is more unhealthy than at other times; also the water, owing to its unsettled muddy state; for all the filth and dirt which is dispersed over the country is washed away, and circulates in every current, for which reason filtering stones are used, which not only purify, but cool the water amazingly. There are many task-masters, or employers, who care not how much young men expose themselves to the weather, but such are cruel, uncharitable brutes puffed up with ignorance and empty pride, who forget their own origin, and the mean and
base degrees by which they did ascend ; their hearts are callous, for they never were tutored in the schools of humanity. Should you enter into business in the country, when you see an impending shower, haften to your home, or to some hut, or place of shelter, till it is over; and at working hours, when thus obliged to fhun the weather, do not keep loitering about the hall or piazza, for it may be displeasing to your employer; therefore retire to your room and read some good book. When you chance to get wet, which you often will, be careful to change your apparel as soon as possible, for wet clothes remaining on till they dry will restrain perspiration, and may bring on an ague; when yoor feet get wet, though you be far from any house, rake off your shoes and stockings, wash them and let them dry, and then put them on again"; and if you wish to enjoy the pleasure and benefit of bathing, and bracing your limbs in a cold-bath, chuse a proper clean place in a river that is free from aligators, and go into it very early in the morning, when free from the prickly heat and every feverish symptom; do not stay long in, wipe yourself dry and dress quickly; but by no means attempt to tamper with your constitution as I have done, by plunging into a cold-bach in the heat of the day; for I suppose thousands and thousands have by that means caused their own deaths.
Though you be ever so warm and drowsy, do not attempt to Ncep where you will be exposed to