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R. Vin. antimon. Zip.
sign. puke. R. Sal. catre, amor. Zip. sign. purge. R. Pulv. Rhu. 2 calomel dfs.
for. com. G. S. f. bol. No. 2. R. Extract saturn.dss.
font. Zv. calomel dfs. m. R. Elect. Lenitive Zi. Nitre ?
sign. electuary. purificate pulc. Z1. in. R. Ung. merc. Zı. fign. mercurial oint,
} fign. bolusese
The preceding prescription is one vomit, two boluses, one phial of injection, an electuary and a purge, all marked thus, and you are to be rigidly strict in taking them as follows:
The first night you are to take the vomit by swallowing a table spoonful every ten minutes by a watch until it operates, then to work it off with large and repeated draughts of luke-warm water, until you puke seven or eight times; the whole being over, and your ftomach at ease, drink some thin water gruel, which probably will work you downwards; next inorning take the purge dissolved in a cup of warm water, and work it off with chin gruel or weak tea ; at night, when going to bed, take one of the boluses; next day, take every third hour about the size of a nutmeg of the electuary, and continue in like manner each day taking the fame (the day you take a purge excepted); at night repeat the bolus, and the third day repeat the purge; if in fix days you do not find the running and infiam
mation much abated, repeat the boluses and electuary. You must not omit every day to bathe and wash the parts two or three times, and to use the injections with a handy penis syrenge; and every night when going to bed to rub a small bit of the ointment to the but and under-part of the penis.
In the course of this disease you are to avoid very ftudiously all greasy food, such as burier, cheese, and fat; all windy and flatulent food, fuch as vegetables of all kinds, salt and finoked meats, spirits, beer and spices, and to live as temperate and low as possible; bread, penada, barley gruel, lintfeed tea, and such like, should be your only nourishment for a few days; you will find the good effect of living sparingly and abstemious; for be assured, and remember it, that the best medicine in the universe, administered by the moit skilful physician, will not have the desired effect, if the patient lives intemperately whilst he is taking them ; I was informed by medical gentlemen of judgment and veracity, that half the cure depends upon this.
Buboes, Mankers, &c. &c. are the effects of ill-cured venerials; should you at any time be affected with these stages of the p-x, be very ftudious to get yourself, if poslible, properly cured; it is then you will need the assistance of some skilful physician: for should it by tampering and quackery, and long continuance, corrupt your blood, even falivations may prove ineffectual; at
least, only give you some temporary relief, so that your conftitution will for ever be impaired, and your children, should you have any, will iatail the infection.
Wild thoughtless youth, poor dupes to sensual lore !
Thus far I have said of diseases peculiar to the West Indies, and of physic, though I know nothing of the latter but what I experienced from observations on the treatment of myself and others; and if I had a little more experience, which I hope I neyer shall, I should think myself intitled to the honorable appellation of a quack !
I shall now proceed to give you a short difcription of the island of Jamaica, and of the people thereof, their manners and customs.
“ Curst be the lines, how smooth fo e'er they fou',
Jamaica is the richest of all the British WestIndia islands, and is situated between 17 and 189 north latitude, and between 75° and 79° west longitude; it is about one hundred and fifty miles long, and fixty broad, containing about six thoufand square miles, and is about four thousand five hundred miles from England, and was discovered in the year 1493, by Christopher Columbus, a very enterprising and indefatigable gentleman, a native of Spain, who was famous for many discoveries, and ill rewarded for all his services notwithstanding. Jamaica was taken from the Spaniards under the command of admiral Penn, in 1655. This island is composed of huge and lofty rocky mountains, hills, valleys and plains, and is in three divisions, viz Middlesex, Surry, and Cornwall; these are subdivided into twenty parishes, trees and shrubs of various kinds, wearing perpetual verdure,' veil all the mountains and craggy rocks, save only some small spots here and there, which are cleared for guinea grass, corn, and other provisions; the small hills, valleys and plains, are calculated by nature for sugar plantations, pens and farms. There are about forty towns and villages, amongst which none are worthy of note but Kingston, Saint Jago de la Vega, vulgarly called Spanish Town, Port Royal, and Montego Bay, the rest hardly deserve the name of villages, only small places of shipping around the island.
Kingston is about a mile long and the same in breadth, containing about two thousand houses, besides negro huts; the number of white inhabitants are about three thousand, free people of colour twelve hundred, and eight thousand Naves; the harbour is very commodious for a thousand shipping; and as the tide scarce ebbs or flows, ships at all times float, load and unload, along side the wharfs; the church, barrack, and theatre, stand on a large airy plain, on that end of the town called the Parade, leading to Spanish Town, and Liquanea; the church is a tolerable elegant building; it is a pity that the morals of the people are not corrected, so as to have it as much frequented by the living as the dead.
The theatre is a licule, mean, narrow, close, fabrick; there is also another public building, called Ranelagh House, in which ladies and gentlemen hold publick balls and assemblies; there are also two free mason lodges, to wit, Saint Andrew's and Saint Patrick's; both Scotch and Irish keep up that ancient, honourable, and friendly fociety monthly, and celebrate Saint Andrew's and Saint Patrick's days yearly, by going in procession to church, and having sermons preached on the occasion, and afterwards dining all together, and passing the evening in mirth and chearfulness.
In the morning early it is pleasant to take a walk to Putney Lodge, which lies at the east end of the town; but it is dangerous to bathe in the fea, as many young men do, as there have been