Rhetorical Action in Ancient Athens: Persuasive Artistry from Solon to Demosthenes
SIU Press, 2006 - 249 من الصفحات
James Fredal’s wide-ranging survey examines the spatial and performative features of rhetorical artistry in ancient Athens from Solon to Demosthenes, demonstrating how persuasive skill depended not on written treatises, but on the reproduction of spaces and modes for masculine self-formation and displays of contests of character.
Studies of the history of rhetoric generally begin with Homer and Greek orality, then move on to fifth-century Sicily and the innovations of Corax, Tisias, and the older Sophists. While thorough and useful, these narratives privilege texts as the sole locus of proper rhetorical knowledge. Rhetorical Action in Ancient Greece: Persuasive Artistry from Solon to Demosthenes describes rhetoric as largely unwritten and rhetorical skill as closely associated with the ideologies and practices of gender formation and expression. In expanding the notion of rhetorical innovation to include mass movements, large social genres, and cultural practices—rather than the formulations of of individual thinkers and writers—Fredal offers a view of classical rhetoric as local and contingent, bound to the physical spaces, local histories, and cultural traditions of place.
Fredal argues that Greek rhetorical skill remained a function of local spaces like the Pnyx, social practices such as symposia or local meetings, cultural ideologies like those surrounding masculine friendship, and genres of performance such as how to act like a man, herald, sage, tyrant, or democrat. Citizen participation, he explains, was motivated by the desire to display masculine excellence in contests of character by overcoming fear and exerting symbolic and bodily control over self, situation, and audience. He shows how ancient Greek rhetoric employed patterns of “action” such as public oratory and performance to establish, reinforce, or challenge hierarchies and claims to political power.
Instead of examining speeches, handbooks, and theory, Rhetorical Action in Ancient Greece examines the origins of rhetoric in terms of performance. The result is a presentation of rhetorical knowledge as embodied in places and practices with spatial and practical logics that are rarely articulated in written discourse. The volume calls on archaeological, literary, and anthropological evidence about the rhetorical actions of Athens’s leading political agents—including Solon, Peisistratus, Cleisthenes, Demosthenes, and the anonymous “herm-choppers” of the Peloponnesian war—to demonstrate how each generation of political leaders adopted and transformed existing performance genres and spaces to address their own political exigency.
النتائج 1-5 من 52
Boundary stone of classical Athenian agora 15. Restored plan of Stoa Basileus 16. Stoa Basileus , restored east elevation 17. Herald's stone , or lithos 18. Athena mounts the chariot 19. Classical agora with Peisistratid palace 20.
The majesty of this panorama never shook off the urban effluvia of centuries - old colonial domination and metropolitan expansion , so that with few exceptions , the city's old stones were hidden under a bristling , tessellated ...
... stone chips and pearly dust in stark contrast to the original stone , streaked gray and brown . Up close , this new marble is not simply white but what my daughter might call " sparkly , " dazzling under the unrelenting Attic sun .
... to more concrete forms of evidence — the stones and spaces , cultural roles and forms of ancient practice out of which the city was built — to discover the contours and contents of an ancient bodily technē like masonry or rhetoric .
From these perspectives , the city itself began to look like some grand and complex stage upon which the men of Athens displayed the greatness of Athens in stone and flesh , in monuments , rituals , and actions for the whole Attic ...
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
Rhetorical Performance and the Contest for Fame
Seeing Rhetorical Means