Rhetorical Action in Ancient Athens: Persuasive Artistry from Solon to Demosthenes
SIU Press, 2006 - 249 من الصفحات
James Fredal’s wide-ranging survey examines the spatial and performative features of rhetorical artistry in ancient Athens from Solon to Demosthenes, demonstrating how persuasive skill depended not on written treatises, but on the reproduction of spaces and modes for masculine self-formation and displays of contests of character.
Studies of the history of rhetoric generally begin with Homer and Greek orality, then move on to fifth-century Sicily and the innovations of Corax, Tisias, and the older Sophists. While thorough and useful, these narratives privilege texts as the sole locus of proper rhetorical knowledge. Rhetorical Action in Ancient Greece: Persuasive Artistry from Solon to Demosthenes describes rhetoric as largely unwritten and rhetorical skill as closely associated with the ideologies and practices of gender formation and expression. In expanding the notion of rhetorical innovation to include mass movements, large social genres, and cultural practices—rather than the formulations of of individual thinkers and writers—Fredal offers a view of classical rhetoric as local and contingent, bound to the physical spaces, local histories, and cultural traditions of place.
Fredal argues that Greek rhetorical skill remained a function of local spaces like the Pnyx, social practices such as symposia or local meetings, cultural ideologies like those surrounding masculine friendship, and genres of performance such as how to act like a man, herald, sage, tyrant, or democrat. Citizen participation, he explains, was motivated by the desire to display masculine excellence in contests of character by overcoming fear and exerting symbolic and bodily control over self, situation, and audience. He shows how ancient Greek rhetoric employed patterns of “action” such as public oratory and performance to establish, reinforce, or challenge hierarchies and claims to political power.
Instead of examining speeches, handbooks, and theory, Rhetorical Action in Ancient Greece examines the origins of rhetoric in terms of performance. The result is a presentation of rhetorical knowledge as embodied in places and practices with spatial and practical logics that are rarely articulated in written discourse. The volume calls on archaeological, literary, and anthropological evidence about the rhetorical actions of Athens’s leading political agents—including Solon, Peisistratus, Cleisthenes, Demosthenes, and the anonymous “herm-choppers” of the Peloponnesian war—to demonstrate how each generation of political leaders adopted and transformed existing performance genres and spaces to address their own political exigency.
النتائج 1-5 من 35
From my perspective , the historian of rhetoric , like the archaeologist , must refer to theoretical treatises ( architectural or rhetorical ) but must turn first to more popular modes of expression and to more concrete forms of ...
... quadrangular agoras anchoring orthogonal Hippodamian cities ; sweeping , banked hillside auditoria ; stately , square council - houses and odeons ; plain Greek homes turning in upon sunlit courtyards ; and the off - center door that ...
architectural designs , and open spaces for interaction had to be produced by , and in turn define and regulate , the conventional social practices , symbolic associations , ideological commitments , and exemplary actions ( rhetorical ...
Typically , faces are shown in profile , frequently looking at some object of interest , which often turns out to be another figure looking back . Particularly interesting from a rhetorical perspective are the many images emphasizing ...
The herm - choppers oppose this rhetoric through their attack upon its sculptural icon , the herm , and through their nocturnal and secret methods . Chapter 7 turns finally to Demosthenes and the challenges to INTRODUCTION 13.
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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