Innovative Cluster in alten Industriegebieten

الغلاف الأمامي
LIT Verlag Münster, 2004 - 237 من الصفحات
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الصفحات المحددة

المحتوى

Einleitung
1
Alte Industriegebiete und Cluster Begriffsklärungen und Rekonstruktion des Forschungsstandes
5
Theoriekonzepte zur Transformation von Regionen und Clustern
40
Die Steiermark
124
Zusammenfassung und Schlussfolgerungen
195
Literaturverzeichnis
211
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الصفحة 81 - By analogy with notions of physical capital and human capital — tools and training that enhance individual productivity — "social capital" refers to features of social organization such as networks, norms, and social trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit.
الصفحة 23 - Good work is rightly appreciated, inventions and improvements in machinery, in processes and the general organization of the business have their merits promptly discussed: if one man starts a new idea, it is taken up by others and combined with suggestions of their own; and thus it becomes the source of further new ideas.
الصفحة 9 - Science for the work of his task force on biotechnology clusters, as: 'geographic concentrations of interconnected companies, specialized suppliers, service providers, firms in related industries and associated institutions (for example universities, standards agencies and trade associations) in particular fields that compete but also cooperate'.
الصفحة 92 - Sie können interne Grenzen zwischen den Teilsystemen stabilisieren im Sinne von Schwellen, die eine Effektübertragung beschränken - sei es, daß sie nur außergewöhnliche, krisenhafte Störungen durchlassen, normale aber abfangen; sei es, daß sie nur spezifische funktionale Effekte weiterleiten. So können störende Umwelteinwirkungen in Teilsystemen abgekapselt und neutralisiert werden; andere fördernde Leistungen können intensiviert werden, ohne daß jedes Ereignis alle Teile anginge und...
الصفحة 78 - For him, a system of innovation is constituted by elements and relationships which interact in the production, diffusion and use of new, and economically useful, knowledge and...
الصفحة 60 - the set, or the complex network of mainly informal social relationships on a limited geographical area, often determining a specific external .image...
الصفحة 35 - ... so important that they define a cultural environment; and that they are linked to one another by very specific relations in a complex mix of competition and co-operation
الصفحة 60 - ... local environments play a major if not determinant role as incubators of innovative activity, as prisms through which stimuli to innovation must pass, as networks of interactions channelling and shaping the imprint of technological change in particular areas. The firm is not an isolated agent of innovation: it is one element within the local industrial milieu which supports it.
الصفحة 226 - District' zum innovativen Milieu: ein Beitrag zur Analyse der lokalisierten Produktionssysteme. In: Geographische Zeitschrift, 86 (1).
الصفحة 17 - ... notion of external economies is based on an assumption that the firm is an atomistic unit of production with clearly defined boundaries. But by drawing a sharp distinction between what occurs inside and what occurs outside the firm, scholars overlook the complex and historically evolved relations among the internal organization of firms and their connections to one another and to the social structures and institutions of a particular locality. The network perspective helps explain the divergent...

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