The Arabs in Antiquity: Their History from the Assyrians to the Umayyads
Routledge, 04/07/2013 - 704 من الصفحات
The history of the Arabs in antiquity from their earliest appearance around 853 BC until the first century of Islam, is described in this book. It traces the mention of people called Arabs in all relevant ancient sources and suggests a new interpretation of their history. It is suggested that the ancient Arabs were more a religious community than an ethnic group, which would explain why the designation 'Arab' could be easily adopted by the early Muslim tribes. The Arabs of antiquity thus resemble the early Islamic Arabs more than is usually assumed, both being united by common bonds of religious ideology and law.
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According Achaemenid al-Hira Alexander Alexander’s Antiquities Arabs Aramaic Aretas Assurbanipal Assyrian at-Tabari Babylonia bedouin belong border called camels campaign Cassius Cassius Dio century BC Chronicles connected conquest cult Damascus deﬁnitely difﬁcult Diodorus documented drabes Dumah east Edom Egypt empire Eph‘al Eratosthenes Euphrates evidence fact farab ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁrst century ﬁts frankincense Gazira Genesis geographical Geschichte Greek groups Gulf Hatra Herodotus Hieronymus Higaz iarab idem identical identiﬁed inﬂuence inhabitants inscription Iranian Ishmael Islamic Josephus king kingdom Knauf land language later meaning mentioned Mesopotamia Muslim Nabataeans Negev nomads northern ofﬁcial Old Testament originally Palestine Parthian passage peninsula period Persian Petra Pliny Posidonius pre-Islamic probably Ptolemy Qedar Qur?an Quraysh Red Sea refer reﬂect region reign Roman rulers Saba Sabaean Saracens seems Seleucid sources South Arabia southern story Strabo Syria Syrian desert Tayma term third century town tradition Transjordan tribes Wissmann word Yemenis