Uganda: Growing Out of Poverty

الغلاف الأمامي
Kapil Kapoor
World Bank Publications, 01‏/01‏/1993 - 197 من الصفحات
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The technologies of information and communications and their application are becoming central issues for all governments trying to achieve long-run growth and international competitiveness. This country study provides a comprehensive analysis of the role of informatics in economic development and examines Turkey's efforts to develop its capacity in those areas. During the 1980s, Turkey laid the foundation for its transition to an information-based economy by liberalizing finance and investment regulations and by reducing barriers to competition. Tariffs on computer equipment were slashed, and the government embarked on a program of investment in the communications system. Investors responded, particularly in the finance and travel sectors and in select operations of large corporations. But the largest consumer of these technologies is still the Turkish government. And gains in productivity expected from modernization have not yet been widely evident. This study says that the most effective policy to promote an information-based economy is a commitment to open competitive markets. The major factor in that commitment is building up an educated workforce. Although Turkey's performance in this area is better than most developing countries', this report contends it needs to do more to meet its goal of full participation in the new era of informatics. The study contains cross-country comparative data throughout the book and in annexes.

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الصفحة 91 - Report has stressed even more its potential contribution to reducing absolute poverty. • Growth and poverty reduction. Growth is vital to reducing all aspects of absolute poverty— malnutrition, ill health and illiteracy, as well as low income— especially in the poorest countries. But growth unaccompanied by other measures may neither boost the incomes of the poor much, nor lead to much progress on nonincome aspects of poverty. On both counts, human development programs have a part to play.
الصفحة 43 - the countries that have been most successful in attacking poverty have encouraged a pattern of growth that makes efficient use of labor and have invested in the human capital of the poor.
الصفحة 9 - ... men and women play different roles, have different needs, and face different constraints on a number of different levels.
الصفحة xiii - Calculated from data for Household Budget Survey 1989/90 conducted by the Statistics Department of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning consisting of a stratified sample of 4,500 households across Uganda, except for eight districts in the North and East which were not sampled due to insecurity. Expenditures were calculated adding the value of purchased goods and the estimated value (at market prices) of the goods consumed out of own production. households has been obscured by the inclination...
الصفحة 109 - Program for the Alleviation of Poverty and the Social Costs of Adjustment (PAPSCA...
الصفحة 73 - Analysis on the link between labor markets and poverty shows that the countries that have succeeded in reducing poverty over the long term have encouraged broadly based rural development and urban employment, thereby increasing the returns to small farm production and wage labor. Successful...
الصفحة xi - ... funds. Extremely low pay for government employees is a factor in poor civil service productivity, and public expenditure decisions are made without systematic review of ongoing programs or a thorough accounting for the resources used. Poverty Uganda has a per capita income under $220. At independence in 1962 Uganda had one of the most vigorous and promising economies in Sub-Saharan Africa and the years following independence amply demonstrated this economic potential. Uganda's social indicators...
الصفحة xi - ... ongoing programs or a thorough accounting for the resources used. Poverty Uganda has a per capita income under $220. At independence in 1962 Uganda had one of the most vigorous and promising economies in Sub-Saharan Africa and the years following independence amply demonstrated this economic potential. Uganda's social indicators were comparable to, if not better than, most countries in Africa. The country's health service had developed into one of Africa's best and pioneered many low-cost health...
الصفحة 2 - They are fond of him but he is not dependable because he drinks excessively. The children are rarely at home. They have made themselves indispensable by helping with the funeral rites of their community. The three elder children take turns in sleeping at wakes to keep company with the relatives of the deceased, while during the day they all go to help with the additional household chores associated with the presence of visitors.
الصفحة 2 - The children have a small plot measuring 20 by 30 metres on which they grow some tomatoes and onions. These they sell to generate income. For food they maintain a small patch of bananas and they also grow beans and potatoes. As soon as their parents died, they dropped out of school because there was no money. The only relative they know is a maternal uncle who lives in another country.

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