Time at Emar: The Cultic Calendar and the Rituals from the Diviner's Archive

الغلاف الأمامي
Eisenbrauns, 2000 - 352 من الصفحات

The recent large-scale watershed projects in northern Syria, where the ancient city of Emar was located, have brought this area to light, thanks to salvage operation excavations before the area was submerged. Excavations at Meskeneh-Qadimeh on the great bend of the Euphrates River revealed this large town, which had been built in the late 14th century and then destroyed violently at the beginning of the 12th, at the end of the Bronze Age. In the town of Emar, ritual tablets were discovered in a temple that are demonstrated to have been recorded by the supervisor of the local cult, who was called the "diviner." This religious leader also operated a significant writing center, which focused on both administering local ritual and fostering competence in Mesopotamian lore. An archaic local calendar can be distinguished from other calendars in use at Emar, both foreign and local. A second, overlapping calendar emanated from the palace and represented a rising political force in some tension with rooted local institutions. The archaic local calendar can be partially reconstructed from one ritual text that outlines the rites performed during a period of six months.

The main public rite of Emar's religious calendar was the zukru festival. This event was celebrated in a simplified annual ritual and in a more elaborate version of the ritual for seven days during every seventh year, probably serving as a pledge of loyalty to the chief god, Dagan. The Emar ritual calendar was native, in spite of various levels of outside influence, and thus offers important evidence for ancient Syrian culture. These texts are thus important for ancient Near Eastern cultic and ritual studies. Fleming's comprehensive study lays the basic groundwork for all future study of the ritual and makes a major contribution to the study of ancient Syria.

 

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المحتوى

IV
1
V
2
VI
8
VII
13
VIII
14
IX
21
X
26
XII
29
LII
150
LIII
152
LV
161
LVI
162
LVII
164
LVIII
165
LIX
168
LX
173

XIII
32
XIV
35
XV
36
XVI
38
XVII
43
XVIII
48
XIX
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XX
50
XXI
54
XXII
57
XXIII
63
XXIV
68
XXV
76
XXVI
78
XXVII
82
XXVIII
87
XXIX
93
XXX
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XXXI
98
XXXII
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XXXIII
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XXXIV
105
XXXV
109
XXXVI
113
XXXVII
121
XXXVIII
126
XXXIX
127
XL
130
XLI
132
XLII
133
XLIII
134
XLIV
136
XLV
138
XLVI
141
XLVII
143
L
144
LI
146
LXI
174
LXII
175
LXIV
181
LXV
184
LXVI
190
LXVII
192
LXVIII
196
LXIX
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LXX
198
LXXI
203
LXXII
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LXXIII
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LXXV
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LXXVI
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LXXVII
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LXXIX
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LXXX
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LXXXI
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LXXXII
258
LXXXIII
268
LXXXIV
280
LXXXV
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LXXXVI
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LXXXVII
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LXXXVIII
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LXXXIX
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XC
307
XCI
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XCII
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XCIII
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XCIV
331
XCV
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XCVI
336
XCVII
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XCVIII
341
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