The Locust Effect: Why the End of Poverty Requires the End of Violence

الغلاف الأمامي
OUP USA, 2014 - 346 من الصفحات
World poverty is both an intractable and ever-mutable problem. It has afflicted humanity since the earliest times, but its basic features — aside from the constant, want — have evolved as history has moved from epoch to epoch. Today, there is broad recognition that a significant segment of the global population (the 'bottom billion,' to use Paul Collier's term) is impoverished despite the globalization of the world economy. Two questions — why destitution is so persistent despite massive global economic growth and what can be done about it — have animated debates among development scholars and poverty researchers for decades. Those who concentrate on the first question focus on the failure of anti-poverty efforts and typically stress why particular solutions on offer have not worked. Those addressing the second question have focused on either improving material conditions or on creating institutional frameworks (economic, social and political) that will allow the masses in poor countries to escape from poverty. Yet until now, virtually no one has addressed in a substantial way the most basic precondition for alleviating poverty: human safety. In most poverty-stricken areas of the world, violence is endemic. Whether it is generated by criminals who operate with complete abandon or by the state itself via predatory police forces, violence and threat of it have locked hundreds of millions of people into poverty. Gary Haugen and Victor Boutros's The Locust Effect focuses on the central role of violence in perpetuating poverty, and shows that if any headway is to be made, this issue has to become a top priority for policymakers. Simply put, if people aren't safe, nothing else matters. Shipping grain to the poor, helping them vote, or assisting their efforts to start a farm is irrelevant. Whatever material improvements we provide will simply wash away in the face of the corrupt police forces, out-of-control, armies, private militias, organized criminals, and — not least — failed justice systems that plague poor countries. Throughout, the book will feature real-world stories ranging from Thailand to Bolivia to India to Nigeria that vividly depict how violence undercuts antipoverty efforts. While they argue that this violence is the fundamental issue facing the antipoverty movement, they do not merely identify the problem. They also draw from their experience running the International Justice Mission to show that ground-up efforts to reform legal and public justice systems can generate real, positive results. Sweeping in geographical scope and filled with unforgettable stories of individuals trapped within the mutually reinforcing cycle of poverty and violence, The Locust Effect will force us to rethink everything we know about the causes of poverty and why it is so difficult to root out.
 

ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة

LibraryThing Review

معاينة المستخدمين  - kikowatzy - LibraryThing

If you're interested in the causes of global poverty and want to know more about the issues effecting them, this book is a must read. To summarize, barely anyone knows that THE most significant issue ... قراءة التقييم بأكمله

LibraryThing Review

معاينة المستخدمين  - hollicolli - LibraryThing

The first parts of this book are very harrowing and not easy to read as they present truths of those living in extreme poverty and violence and their quest for justice in a world that doesn't seem to ... قراءة التقييم بأكمله

المحتويات

1 WHAT ARE WE MISSING?
1
2 THE HIDDEN CRISIS AT HISTORYS INFLECTION POINT
38
3 THE LOCUST EFFECT
96
4 NO ONES DRIVEN THAT TRUCK IN DECADES
111
5 THE EMPEROR HAS NO CLOTHESAT ALL
126
6 A DREAM DEVASTATED
158
7 COLONIAL LEGACIES AND A FAILURE THAT MAKES SENSE
171
8 PRIVATE JUSTICE AND PUBLIC LAWLESSNESS
187
11 DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS OF HOPE
241
Conclusion
276
The Math
283
Acknowledgements
286
Notes
291
Bibliography Note
329
The Authors
331
International Justice Mission
333

9 YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR
197
10 ITS BEEN DONE BEFORE
214

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عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

حول المؤلف (2014)


Gary A. Haugen is founder and president of International Justice Mission, a global human rights agency that protects the poor from violence. The largest organization of its kind, IJM has partnered with law enforcement to rescue thousands of victims of violence. Haugen was Director of the U.N. investigation in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide, and has been recognized by the U.S. State Department as a Trafficking in Persons "Hero" -- the U.S. government's highest honor for anti-slavery leadership.

Victor Boutros is a federal prosecutor who investigates and tries nationally significant cases of police misconduct, hate crimes, and international human trafficking around the country on behalf of the U.S. Department of Justice. He is also a member of the Justice Department's Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit, which consolidates the expertise of some of nation's top human trafficking prosecutors and enhances the federal government's ability to identify and prosecute large human trafficking networks.

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