Improving Poor People: The Welfare State, the "Underclass," and Urban Schools as History
Princeton University Press, 02/04/1997 - 191 من الصفحات
"There are places where history feels irrelevant, and America's inner cities are among them," acknowledges Michael Katz, in expressing the tensions between activism and scholarship. But this major historian of urban poverty realizes that the pain in these cities has its origins in the American past. To understand contemporary poverty, he looks particularly at an old attitude: because many nineteenth-century reformers traced extreme poverty to drink, laziness, and other forms of bad behavior, they tried to use public policy and philanthropy to improve the character of poor people, rather than to attack the structural causes of their misery. Showing how this misdiagnosis has afflicted today's welfare and educational systems, Katz draws on his own experiences to introduce each of four topics--the welfare state, the "underclass" debate, urban school reform, and the strategies of survival used by the urban poor. Uniquely informed by his personal involvement, each chapter also illustrates the interpretive power of history by focusing on a strand of social policy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: social welfare from the poorhouse era through the New Deal, ideas about urban poverty from the undeserving poor to the "underclass," and the emergence of public education through the radical school reform movement now at work in Chicago.
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Improving Poor People THE WELFARE STATE, THE “UNDERCLASS,” AND URBAN SCHOOLS AS HISTORY Michael B. Katz PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY Copyright © 1995 by Princeton University Press Published by Princeton Title.
Copyright © 1995 by Princeton University Press Published by Princeton University Press, 41 William Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 In the United Kingdom: Princeton University Press, Chichester, West Sussex All Rights Reserved cm.
A somewhat different version was published in Arnold R. Hirsch and Raymond A. Mohl, eds., Urban Policy in Twentieth-Cen- tury America (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1993) and is used with the permission of the press.
The most appropriate level for academic researchers, and in many ways the most influential, he argued, was the first, the formulation of assumptions. This is one of the ways I have hoped my own work, including this book, might play some ...