Improving Poor People: The Welfare State, the "Underclass," and Urban Schools as History
Princeton University Press, 02/04/1997 - 191 من الصفحات
"There are places where history feels irrelevant, and America's inner cities are among them," acknowledges Michael Katz, in expressing the tensions between activism and scholarship. But this major historian of urban poverty realizes that the pain in these cities has its origins in the American past. To understand contemporary poverty, he looks particularly at an old attitude: because many nineteenth-century reformers traced extreme poverty to drink, laziness, and other forms of bad behavior, they tried to use public policy and philanthropy to improve the character of poor people, rather than to attack the structural causes of their misery. Showing how this misdiagnosis has afflicted today's welfare and educational systems, Katz draws on his own experiences to introduce each of four topics--the welfare state, the "underclass" debate, urban school reform, and the strategies of survival used by the urban poor. Uniquely informed by his personal involvement, each chapter also illustrates the interpretive power of history by focusing on a strand of social policy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: social welfare from the poorhouse era through the New Deal, ideas about urban poverty from the undeserving poor to the "underclass," and the emergence of public education through the radical school reform movement now at work in Chicago.
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The Welfare State, the "Underclass," and Urban Schools as History Michael B. Katz. For my graduate students, PAST AND PRESENT Contents Acknowledgments ix INTRODUCTION 3 CHAPTER ONE. The Welfare State.
... CHAPTER ONE. The Welfare State 19 CHAPTER TWO. The “Underclass” 60 CHAPTER THREE. Urban Schools 99 CHAPTER FOUR. Surviving Poverty 144 Index 173 Acknowledgments THIS BOOK draws on almost thirty years of work. Contents.
... Chapter 1 draws on my earlier work on the history of welfare. A somewhat different version was written for a series of conferences on comparative welfare history held at the Werner Reimers Stiftung in Bad Homburg, Germany, which ...
... chapter adapts some of our article in Catalyst, the journal of Chicago school reform. Our work started during my year as a Visiting Fellow at the Russell Sage Foundation, which provided the time, encouragement, and stimulation to launch ...
... chapters of this book, for I have not resolved all the issues—historical or policy related—raised by these excursions into the history of social policy and reform. Although, in part, this reflects my own limitations, at points the ...