Improving Poor People: The Welfare State, the "Underclass," and Urban Schools as History
Princeton University Press, 02/04/1997 - 191 من الصفحات
"There are places where history feels irrelevant, and America's inner cities are among them," acknowledges Michael Katz, in expressing the tensions between activism and scholarship. But this major historian of urban poverty realizes that the pain in these cities has its origins in the American past. To understand contemporary poverty, he looks particularly at an old attitude: because many nineteenth-century reformers traced extreme poverty to drink, laziness, and other forms of bad behavior, they tried to use public policy and philanthropy to improve the character of poor people, rather than to attack the structural causes of their misery. Showing how this misdiagnosis has afflicted today's welfare and educational systems, Katz draws on his own experiences to introduce each of four topics--the welfare state, the "underclass" debate, urban school reform, and the strategies of survival used by the urban poor. Uniquely informed by his personal involvement, each chapter also illustrates the interpretive power of history by focusing on a strand of social policy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: social welfare from the poorhouse era through the New Deal, ideas about urban poverty from the undeserving poor to the "underclass," and the emergence of public education through the radical school reform movement now at work in Chicago.
النتائج 1-5 من 29
... -twentieth-century New York City. Central to the three focuses of this book—history, contemporary social issues, and personal experience—is a concentration on process. More than a set of stories about the past, “history” 9 INTRODUCTION.
... experience into processes that occur over time, people explain everything from the mundane aspects of daily life to the great social institutions that channel their experience. Without unraveling the processes through which they emerged ...
... , appeared out of the question. The alternative was making money. From my experience as an encyclopedia salesman, my major form of financial aid, I knew I could sell. So, depressed, unshaven, I went one afternoon to 11 INTRODUCTION.
... experience working with poor children and their parents in a settlement house (described in chapter 4) altered my ... experiences 13 INTRODUCTION.
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