Improving Poor People: The Welfare State, the "Underclass," and Urban Schools as History
Princeton University Press, 02/04/1997 - 191 من الصفحات
"There are places where history feels irrelevant, and America's inner cities are among them," acknowledges Michael Katz, in expressing the tensions between activism and scholarship. But this major historian of urban poverty realizes that the pain in these cities has its origins in the American past. To understand contemporary poverty, he looks particularly at an old attitude: because many nineteenth-century reformers traced extreme poverty to drink, laziness, and other forms of bad behavior, they tried to use public policy and philanthropy to improve the character of poor people, rather than to attack the structural causes of their misery. Showing how this misdiagnosis has afflicted today's welfare and educational systems, Katz draws on his own experiences to introduce each of four topics--the welfare state, the "underclass" debate, urban school reform, and the strategies of survival used by the urban poor. Uniquely informed by his personal involvement, each chapter also illustrates the interpretive power of history by focusing on a strand of social policy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: social welfare from the poorhouse era through the New Deal, ideas about urban poverty from the undeserving poor to the "underclass," and the emergence of public education through the radical school reform movement now at work in Chicago.
النتائج 1-5 من 62
The chapter also includes adaptations of earlier essays on the origins of public education. My work on Chicago school reform has been conducted in collaboration with two marvelous and creative colleagues, Michelle Fine and Elaine Simon, ...
Why has public policy proved unable to eradicate poverty and prevent the deterioration of major cities? What strategies have helped poor ... Are there fresh, constructive ways to think about welfare, poverty, and public education?
... education an extraordinary—indeed, impossible—load, which is one reason why with regularity since the third quarter of the nineteenth century critics have alleged the failure of public schools. As the history of education shows, ...
At one time or another, public and private have carried different emotional loadings. In the nineteenth century, ... The drive toward “privatization” has forced defenders of the public realm, as in education, to justify 5 INTRODUCTION.
defenders of the public realm, as in education, to justify assumptions previously shared by nearly everyone, to reexamine arguments once made reflexively, to find better reasons than sentiment or precedent. This book offers data useful ...