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(Sym. Dic.) Jer. v. 14, says, "Behold I will make my words in thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them." Descending fire also represents new commotion in the world. All of these scriptural explanations of the term fire coincide as cause and effect. The text, therefore, represents that the doctrines or teachings of the church, shall descend, or conform, to the notions of the governing power, and that the result will be destructive to those who disobey them.
6. "And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast." This shall, in some way, deceive the people as to the designs of these miracles, and they shall be led into great errors as to the false prophet's future objects.
7. "Saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image unto the beast which had a wound by the sword and did live." As the beast with the wounded imperial head was the politico-ecclesiastic empire power of papacy, the command to make an image to it, was a command to conform the empire church and state of the dragon head into a politico-ecclesiastic establishment like the papacy. There is no escape from this conclusion. An image of the wounded head is a likeness of it; and as the wounded head was an ecclesiastic power principally, such must be the image; hence, the organization of a new church, in form and outline like the Roman, was predicted.
8. "And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast." That is, the imperial power gave vitality to the new ecclesiastical establishment, and "caused it to speak;" in other words, to utter its commands with the same authoritativeness as the church, after which it was modeled.
9. "And cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed." The killing, doubtless, refers to the overturning and destroying those organizations that would not honor the new church establishment. The term "many " is a collective one, and properly symbolizes collective bodies of people. Their death would, therefore, be their overthrow, or suppression.
10. "And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads." These collective terms, again, properly represent all portions of the empire. The mark was, plainly, some legal distinguishing characteristic, to which all were to conform. It is plainly symbolic, and of course does not mean a literal marking of the hand or forehead; such small distinctions are beneath the great scope of prophecy, which deals with general and extensive qualities and not with very little ones. Ezekiel speaks of the marking of the foreheads of the pious of Jerusalem; that is, a separation of them from others. This marking by the image, or church establishment, therefore, symbolizes a drawing of a distinction by law among the people of the empire. Marks in the hands or wrists were, anciently, tokens of servitude to some master, or false deity.-See Zech. xiii. 6. To have a mark in the forehead, also signifies to make an open profession of attachment to any party. Captives were sometimes stigmatized with forehead marks. The Jewish high priest had the name of God written in the plate on his forehead; and the followers of the Lamb are said to have his Father's name in their foreheads. Among the heathen there were three ways by which the devotees of false religion designated themselves: 1. By marking themselves with the name of their deity in their
hand or forehead. 2. Sometimes with the ensign of their god, as the thunderbolt of Jupiter, the trident of Neptune, or the ivy of Bacchus. 3. Sometimes they marked themselves with some mystical number, whereby the god's name was described; thus the sun was represented by XH, or 608, that is, by the Greek letters chi and eeta.
11. "And that no man might buy or sell save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name." In the previous passage we see that the law was to demand a profession of some kind throughout the empire; but in this we see that this profession was to be one or the other of three kinds. The name of the beast was one, his mark was another, and the number of his name was a third. There is a wide distinction drawn between these three kinds of professions, for they are repeated here and elsewhere with great emphasis and separateness. The name of the beast we have seen to be that of the Roman or Latin ecclesiastical kingdom, and, therefore, as one religion is designated by the name of the beast, another must be designated by the mark, and another by the number of his name. The refusing to allow buying and selling to any but those who adhered to one of these religions, symbolizes civil disabilities to exercise office in the empire generally by non-conformists. Literal buying and selling is by no means all that is included under these terms, nor can their signification be restricted to their literal sense.
These three religions, though different, as indicated by the modes of designating them, were yet of a common Latin original, as is seen in the resemblance of their indices; they were "par nobile fratrum." They seem to have possessed a different moral character, as is indicated in the difference between the name, the mark, and
the number of the Latin church. This empire was therefore to have three accredited religions; only two, however, were subsequently to be national, as is seen in the two ecclesiastical horns or churches growing up from the head of the beast, or from the governmental head of power. These two are further referred to, as the hand and forehead marks; for these coincide with the two horns in number, and in the attachment to the national institutions by profession.
12. "Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast; for it is the number of a man; and his number is six hundred three score and six." A man symbolizes a kingdom, and the number of the name of the beast, is to be computed as the number of the name of a man. Now, as the number of a man's name was known by adding the numbers represented by the letters in his name, so, by adding the numbers represented by the letters in the name of the Latin kingdom, we shall get the number 666, if it be the kingdom designated. The number is to be found in Greek, since this number is represented by three Greek letters, and was the language used by the writer. We will show two modes of deducing this number from the name of the Latin kingdom. 1. H LATINH BAZILEIA. Here is one name of the Latin church and empire. Now, counting the letters according to their numbers in Greek, and we shall have H-8, L-30, A-1, T=300, I=10, N=50, H=8, B=2, A=1, 2, or sigma,=200, I=10, L=30, E-5, I-10, and A=1. Add these together and we have 666, the required number of the name. This will identify the beast, and his mark as well as his number.
2. Irenæus, the disciple of Polycarp, the disciple of John, says that "the name Lateinos contains the
number 666; and it is very likely, because the last kingdom is so called, for they are Latins who now reign." "Lateinos with ei is the true orthography, as the Greeks wrote the long i of the Latins, and as the Latins themselves wrote in former times."—(See Ennius, Book vi. Line 26. Bp. Newton.) "After the division of the
empire, the Greeks and other orientals called the people of the Western church Latins, and they Latinize in everything. Mass, prayers, hymns, litanies, canons, decretals, and bulls are conceived in Latin. The papal councils speak in Latin. Women pray in Latin. Nor is the scripture read in any other than the Latin language, by the Roman church. The council of Trent commanded the vulgar Latin to be the only authentic version. In short, all things are Latin in the Roman church."-(Newton.) Lateinos, or the Latin Man, is the appropriate name of the Latin church. Now, the letters of this name make just the number 666. Thus L=30, A=1, T=300, E=5, I=10, N=50, 0=70, and s=200, and all equal just 666. The Latin church is, therefore, the beast; for we have doubly shown the proof of it. Now, no other name of any kingdom in the world will, in Greek, amount to 666; so that the interpretation is pinned down to the Latin church by the absolute nature of things. This two-horned beast is elsewhere called the false prophet.
We shall now show, that the British empire coincides precisely with this kingdom from the earth, and that it coincides with no other kingdom under heaven.
Coincidence First.-The two-horned beast was to be another empire, different from the Latin politico-ecclesiastic power. The British empire was another empire.
Coincidence Second-This other beast, or empire, was to arise out of the earth, or Roman territory. The