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are deducible, by proper additions of sacred time, and each may properly be called an abbreviated year or time.
SEVENTY WEEKS DOUBLY FULFILLED.
We have seen that the seventy weeks were fulfilled in a twofold way. In one way they were applicable to spiritual things, and in the other, to civil matters. We now show that they have two other modes of accomplishment, and that they may be dated from the decree given by Longimanus to Ezra, to reform the Hebrew state. This decree was given sometime in the year 456, B. C.; but it was published in Jerusalem, and went into effect in either June or July of that year. Now, seventy weeks multiplied by an abbreviated week of six years, gives us 420 years, and, adding Sabbatic time to it, we shall have 480 years. Then, if 360 years equal 132,496 days, 480 will equal 483 years and 250 days. Now, from the 25th of March, A. D. 29, if we return 483 years, 250 days, we are carried to the 19th of July, 456, B. C., which is as near the exact time of the execution of the decree as can be ascertained.
Again; 70×73-520; and, as we have seen that 360 stands for 362 years 4 days, then 520 will equal 522 years and 326 days. Dating this on the 19th July, 456, B. C., and we are brought down to A. D. 18, June 10th, or the 19th of Sivan. At about this time the great mount was built, which shut in Jerusalem and completed its ruin.
Thus have we a twice-doubled fulfillment of the seventy weeks. As for the seven and sixty-two weeks, this
carries us down to A. D. 21, February 27th, as the time of John's ministry, or to A. D. 25, in February, according as we estimate the weeks by ecclesiastical or civil time.
Having now completed our discovery, and having shown its confirmation by a fourfold fulfillment, we shall confirm it still farther, by showing that it harmonizes the chronology of scripture, of whose apparent discrepancy we have spoken.
FOUR HUNDRED AND EIGHTY AND FOUR HUNDRED AND THIRTY YEARS.
FOUR HUNDRED AND THIRTY YEARS.
Moses and Paul say it was 430 years from the covenant with Abraham to the law, or exodus. But if we look back to the detailed account of this same period, we see that it was much longer than 430 years. For God assured Abram, at the making of the covenant, that his seed should be in bondage, in a strange land, for 400 years. Now, Jacob was 130 years old at the descent into the land of bondage, and Isaac was 60 years old at Jacob's birth. Now, these together, make 590 years. But the covenant was several years earlier than this, as it was just before the birth of Ishmael, (see Gen. 15th ch.); and Ishmael was 13 years old at the birth of Isaac.
As these years are given in round numbers, there is, doubtless, a little excess over the true solar time, for it was customary with the ancients to call a part of a year
a whole year. So, that Jacob's being born when Isaac was sixty, might be when he was in his sixtieth year. The whole amount can not rationally exceed 604 solar years, and was, doubtless, somewhere between 603 and 604 years. Now, we have seen, that 430 years is one form of the 70 weeks, and that 70 weeks were just equal to 603 years and 129 days. The 430 years, and the detailed chronology of the same period, are thus reconciled by our mode of exposition, and can not be satisfactorily explained in any other.
FOUR HUNDRED AND EIGHTY YEARS.
In I. Kings vi., it is stated that the foundation of Solomon's temple was laid in the 480th year after the exodus from Egypt, and in Solomon's fourth year. Josephus says, the period was 592 years long, but his detailed accounts vary a little from this aggregate. St. Paul says, the judges continued for 450 years; and after them David and Saul reigned, each 40 years, and Solomon 3, to the time of the foundation. These together, make 533 years, to which must be added the 40 years in the wilderness, making 5733; to this must be added the days of Joshua and Samuel; these are reckoned, by some, to amount to 30 years; so that all taken together, will amount to 6031 years.
Now, we have seen that 480 years was one form of the 70 weeks, which we know to equal 6033 years. These explanations of these two periods are confirmatory of the correctness of our principles of interpretation. We could proceed, also, to show that all the great eras of the Hebrews are measured by some form of the lengths of the seventy weeks or Sabbatic weeks of years.
DAYS, YEARS, MONTHS, AND TIMES.
HAVING ascertained the principles by which symbolic time is to be estimated, we proceed to apply them to the great prophetic periods predicted in the books of Daniel and Revelation.
TWELVE HUNDRED AND SIXTY DAYS.
In the eleventh chapter of Revelation, it is said that the two witnesses shall prophesy, clothed in sackcloth, for 1260 days; and in the twelfth chapter, it is said, the woman fled into the wilderness, with twelve stars upon her head, for 1260 days. That the two witnesses, and the woman, and stars coincide, no one can doubt; and their period of humiliation, in each case, being the same, the 1260 days of each must begin at the same points, and end in the same. That their beginning is at church and state union, we have already shown. We have seen, also, that this union is to date from the 19th of June, 325, at the Council of Nice; and, also, that the revision of the law completing this union, in detail, took place under Justinian, somewhere between 529 and 534, A. D. We saw, also, that the 70 weeks had two double modes of fulfillment; one set of modes being spiritual, and the other secular. We may also anticipate the same kind of twice double fulfillment, in the 1260 days. We shall proceed now to ascertain both kinds.
TWELVE HUNDRED AND SIXTY DAYS-SPIRITUAL LENGTHS.
1. As 490, or 70 weeks, equal 564 years and 109 days, 1260 days, or 180 weeks, will equal 529,984 days, or 1451 years and 17 days. Now, from the beginning of church and state union, June 19th, 325, down to the beginning of the disunion of church and state, at the rise of the United States, July 4th, 1776, was just exactly 529,984 days. And, as the humiliation of the woman and witnesses was to be during this union, and was also to be for 529,984 days, the coincidence is mathematically perfect. Nothing could be a more perfect demonstration of a fulfillment of a prophecy, than that here given. In this computation, it must be remembered, that the year 1776 was a leap year, and that there is a difference of about six hours between the meridian of Nice and the United States; and, also, that a part of a day, by Hebrew measure, is taken as a whole one. The 19th of June, 325 is, also, to be included. We estimate by truc solar time, or 315,659,277 seconds to the solar year.
2. As 70 weeks were also equal to 483 years and 250 days, or 176,661 days, 1260 days, or 180 weeks are equal to 1243 years and 267 days. If, now, we subtract this from July 4th, 1776, we are carried back to 532 A. D., and 274th day, or 1st of October. This is as near the date of the framing of the empire church laws, by Justinian, as can possibly be estimated from the knowledge we have of history. If some European scholars would search and look, doubtless, our exposition here would be found to coincide with the events exactly to a day, as it does in our previous exposition of the 1260 days.