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among the tribes of Israel."-v. 22. Joseph, having two portions, would, of course, make thirteen tribes or states when restored. Let it be borne in mind, that the whole of the vision of Ezekiel is given in the apparel of the ceremonial law of the Hebrews. This being so, the whole prophecy is certainly symbolic, because the Hebrew ceremonial law will never be restored. But as the ceremonial law was typical of Christianity, and as the whole Hebrew economy was typical of the Christian dispensation, it follows that all Jewish names and customs mentioned by Ezekiel, were figuratively used for coincident names and objects in the days of Christ, or Christianity. Of course, therefore, carnal Israel is put for Christ's Israel, and the restoration of thirteen tribes was to be realized by Christians; and Palestine was to coincide with the land promised to Japhetic Christians; and the boundaries by east and west seas, were to be realized by Christians in their restoration. Now, as the United States arose from a Christian people; as its borders are two great seas; as it arose in thirteen divisions lying side by side on a great sea; and as provision is made for the inheritance of strangers, it exactly coincides with Ezekiel's symbolic description of Israel restored, and, as perfect coincidence is fulfillment, the United States fulfills the prophecy of Israel's restoration.
THE GREAT BATTLE AND DESTRUCTION OF MONARCHY BY ISRAEL, OR GOG AND HIS ALLIES-INVASION OF THE UNITED STATES.
Paragraph I-38th Chapter.
Ezekiel gave several descriptions of Israel's restoration, and we have just considered his last prediction on that subject. In the description prior to it, he tells us the condition of Israel restored, and announces a great invasion of its country by the allied powers of the world. His description of the battle is found in the thirty-eighth and thirty-ninth chapters, and is doubled. In John and Daniel, we have Russia, or the last head of the beast and willful king, described as the invader of Israel prior to the Millennium, and, as this invasion of Israel by Gog coincides chronologically with John and Daniel's descriptions, Gog and his allies coincide with Russia and confederate Europe. We shall, however, find in this prophecy of Ezekiel abundant proof that Gog coincides with Russia. We shall interpret minutely: first, of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief Prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him."
1. The term Gog, is plainly derived from Magog, for Magog is as old as the days of Noah. Gog is called a prince, or head of many countries.
2. "The land of Magog." Magog was one of the seven sons of Japhet. His sons were Gomer, Magog, Maadai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras. The sons
of Gomer, Japhet's oldest son, were Ashkenath, Riphath, and Togarmah. The sons of Javan, Japhet's fourth son, were Elisha, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. "By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands." Calmet, and most other investigators, prove that Europe and Asia Minor are to be understood by the term "isles of the Gentiles." The word rendered “isles," literally signifies settlements.-(Calmet.) The sons of Japhet, or the white race, undoubtedly settled the northwest of Asia, and all Europe; so that the land of Magog, the son of Japhet, must be found in these limits. Josephus says, that "Magogue founded the Magogæ, whom the Greeks then called Scythæ." Now, the Greeks called those people Scythians, or Scythæ, "who extended themselves in length from Hungary, Transylvania, and Wallachia on the westward, to the river Don on the east.”—(Rennel.) This country forms a large part of the Russian empire in Europe and Asia.
3. "Gog-the chief prince of Meshech." Meshech was the sixth son of Japhet, and settled with his brother Tubal. They settled in the northeast angle of Asia Minor, from the shores of the Euxine along to the south of Caucasus; where were the Montes, Moschisi, and where, in after times, were the Moschi. There appears to have been in the same neighborhood, a river and country called Rosh, and a people called Rhossi. These Rhossi and Moschi dispersed their colonies jointly over the vast empire of Russia, and preserve their names in those of Russians and Muscovites. Muscovy is a name given by some geographers to Russia, and the terms Moscow, or Moskwa, Mosch, Mesce, Mesoch, and Mosc, are but variations of their primitive Meshech.
Watson says this passage under consideration, is, in the Septuagint, rendered "prince of Rosch, Meshech, and Tubal." These different translations are in harmony, because the Rhossi and Mosch were interchangeable terms, used to designate the same people.
These people and their country are now included in the Russian empire, and gave name to it, for Muscovy and Russia are derivative names from Rhossi and Moschi, or Meshech.
4. "Gog-prince of Tubal." Tubal was the fifth son of Japhet. Bochart very copiously proves that Meshech and Tubal are the Muscovites and Tibarenians, or Siberians. The river Tobol, or Tubal, that waters a large part of Asiatic Russia, still bears the ancient name of the son of Japhet. The city of Tobol-ski, or Tobolium, also retains the name in composition. The territory of this region is also in the Russian empire.
From these facts, it follows, that, as Meshech, Tubal, and Magog, compose the present Russian empire, that Gog, the prince of these, must represent the present Russian power.
Second. "Thus saith the Lord God, Behold I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal; and I will turn thee back, and put hooks in thy jaws." Dr. Clarke says, "to turn him back" signifies hostility to him.
Third. "And I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armor, even a great company, with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords."
The horses and horsemen symbolize the national kind of soldiery employed in war by Gog. All sorts of
armor, shows the promiscuous character of the troops to be brought into the field. Bucklers and shields, and swords, represent the fierce hostility of the troops prepared for war.
Fourth. "Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them, all of them with shield and helmet." Persia is here a representative of Asiatic power, or the Mongolian Asiatics, and Libya and Ethiopia represent the Africans, who will be enlisted in the war.
Fifth. "Gomer, and all his bands, the house of Togarmah, of the north quarters, and all his bands; and many people with thee."
The Gomerians spread from the regions north of Armenia and Bactriana, and extended westward over nearly the whole continent of Europe. They spread from the Black sea to the Western ocean; from the Baltic to Italy, southward; and first planted the British isles. They have retained their paternal denomination slightly varied, as Cimmerians in Asia; Cimbri, and Umbri in Gaul and Italy; and Cymri and Cambri in Wales and Cumberland.
Togarmah was a son of Gomer, and his descendants may be traced in Trocmi of Strabo, the Trogmi of Cicero, and Trogmades of the council of Chalecedon, inhabiting the confines of Pontus and Cappadocia. Calmet says, Togarmah is to be placed in Scythia and Turcomania. "Many people with thee," shows that many allies of Gog would accompany Togarmah from the north, or from Russia.
Sixth. "Be thou prepared and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them." This is prophetic of