Replicating Microfinance in the United States
"With the publication of this volume, knowledge and understanding of the practices of delivering micro-credit reach a new level of consolidation, and the stage is set for important further steps."—from the Foreword by Richard P. Taub, University of Chicago
Microfinance was pioneered in the developing world as the lending of small amounts of money to entrepreneurs who lacked the kinds of credentials and collateral demanded by banks. Similar practices spread from the developing to the developed world, reversing the usual direction of innovation, and today several hundred microfinance institutions are operating in the United States.
Replicating Microfinace in the United States reviews experiences in both developing and industrialized countries and extends the applications of microlending beyond enterprise to consumer finance, housing finance, and community development finance, concentrating especially on previously underserved households and their communities.
Contributors include Nitin Bhatt, Robert M. Buckley, Bruce Ferguson, Elinor Haider, Chi-kan Richard Hung, Sally R. Merrill, Jonathan Morduch, Gary Painter, Sohini Sarkar, Mark Schreiner, Lisa Servon, Ayse Can Talen, Shui-Yan Tang, Kenneth Temkin, Andres Vinelli, J. D. Von Pischke and Marc A. Weiss.
Replicating Microfinance in the United States is based on papers commissioned by the Fannie Mae Foundation and findings from an October 2001 conference jointly held by the Fannie Mae Foundation and Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C.
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Besides reporting the average of U.S. programs, these tables also highlight the two larger U.S. programs with multiple program sites—Working Capital, and the North Carolina Rural Center (NCRC)—as well as the Grameen Bank data reported ...
Peer-group lending programs in developing countries serve a large informal sector, whereas the formal banking sector ... to business capital, as seen in the extremely high percentage of women borrowers (94 percent) at the Grameen Bank.
Re×ecting the extreme poverty of Grameen Bank's clients, 82 percent of them had not received a loan from any source before joining the Grameen program. It must be noted that the husbands of female borrowers in Grameen and other programs ...
Fifty-one percent of them had a bank account or had used credit cards, or both. In addition, for 69 percent of the U.S. borrowers, microcredit was only one of their sources of start-up capital. The other sources typically included a ...
Although the Grameen Bank and two other developing-country programs prohibited family members in the same peer group, at least one other program did not have this requirement. Similarly, about half of the U.S. sample programs allowed ...