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quack, and remained a helpless object of pity. Emetic had acquainted the manager that I was putrid, and would not live two hours, and directed him to bury me the moment the breath was out of me, as my disorder was taking; upon which the creeping fcoundrel ordered a coffin to be made, and a grave dug for me, and furreptitiously took feven pounds out of my trunk, which he paid for linen for fhrouding, and a dozen of Madeira wine to get drunk at my funeral. When the messenger returned, which was some hours after, my brother book-keeper, who had fome compassion for me, brought a bottle of the wine into my room, and made me take a glass of it, and in a little time after gave me more, mixed with water, which caused me to perspire very freely, fo that I became cool and fenfible, and retrieved in a few days amazingly; this affair confirmed the doctor's fuperficial fkill, who fhortly after died of a venereal disease, but did not neglect to make me pay an account of forty pounds, previous to his departure, for Styx; and the rafcal who had my coffin and grave prepared, was for feveral months afterwards laughed at by the neighbouring cowfkin heroes.
When fick and languid on my bed I lay,
Quacks, in general, make as free with their conftitutions as other people, and get themselves frequently drunk, which is very wrong, for they often adminifter medicine when they are deprived of their fenfes, and visit their patients in fuch conditions.
When a doctor (as he is called) gets the quackery of two or three plantations, he is looked upon as an Esculapeus of the times by the managers and overfeers, and gets the quackery of them and their friends alfo, fo that it never cofts him any thing for board, washing and lodging, corn, or grass. The common charge for each negroe, whether they are fick or well, is five fhillings yearly, befides the benefit of venereals, for which he makes a feparate charge, fo that he commonly gets about one hundred, or one hundred and fifty pounds for the attendance of the negroes and and whites on each plantation yearly, and all that for about thirty fhillings worth of medicine. When a quack has many plantations to attend, he vifits each weekly, and keeps a fmall book in the fick houfe, in which he enters the different receipts for the fick negroes, which the ma nager or overfeer reads to fome old black man or woman who attends them.
I fhall here give an extract, which curiosity tempted me one day to copy from one of these books.
Juno-for the belly-ach, to take a dofe of rhubarb, after it operates to drink lilipee and herring broth.
Dutchefs-for the lax, to eat plenty of homony: Cruma and Sally Wagtail-for the pox, to repeat the pills nightly, and continue the ointment and injection.
Betfy for obftructions in particular organs, to caution her against eating of dirt, and having connections with men at improper seasons. Mars-for the weakness in his joints, to drink plentifully of the decoction of lignumvita, and take a few drops of balfam capivia twice daily. Old Hellor and Sambo-for the pains in their stomachs, to eat plenty of homony and fungee; plantation eels and cane rabbits will not hurt them.
Phaba-for the fcalding, to use the injection, and drink linfeed-tea.
South-for the fever, to drink fage tea, and when the hot fit is off, to drink the bark.
Samuel-for his fores, to bathe them in the decoction of limes and cufhue leaves."
Fevers, agues, dry belly-achs, confumptions, and almoft innumerable other difeafes, are frequent and often fatal attendants, not only on Europeans, but Creoles alfo; it often amazed me to find how imperceptibly my flesh melted, or stole away from my fkin and bones, till I became the ghoft of what I had been. To-day, as it were, I was healthy and ftout, and in a few weeks after changed to a skeleton. I believe I may attribute all the fickness I ever had to heats and colds, immoderate exercife, and making too free
with my conftitution in other refpects: I affure you, it is not one in ten European conftitution could bear the hardships I have undergone: three years fucceffively I have been expofed, all weathers, to the fun's almost intolerable heat, and heavy rains, in the months of January and February; when fainting beneath his meridian rays for want of a cooling breeze, I frequently plunged myself into a river or gully, though I never experienced the bad effect of fuch ill-timed bathing afterwards. When I quitted the fevere toils of a planter's life, and lived regular in town, I found the climate to agree tolerably well with me, and I was as active as I am now, thank God; therefore strenuously recommend it to you to avoid heats and colds, rains, heavy fogs, mifts, or dews, as much as poffible, as well as getting your feet wet, for they are the forerunners of almost innumerable diseases.
In wet weather, the air, though cool, is more unhealthy than at other times; alfo the water, owing to its unfettled muddy ftate; for all the filth and dirt which is difperfed over the country is washed away, and circulates in every current, for which reason filtering ftones are used, which not only purify, but cool the water amazingly. There are many task-mafters, or employers, who care not how much young men expofe themselves to the weather; but fuch are cruel, uncharitable brutes puffed up with ignorance and empty pride, who forget their own origin, and the mean and
base degrees by which they did afcend; their hearts are callous, for they never were tutored in the schools of humanity. Should you enter into business in the country, when you fee an impending shower, haften to your home, or to some hut, or place of shelter, till it is over; and at working hours, when thus obliged to fhun the weather, do not keep loitering about the hall or piazza, for it may be difpleafing to your employer; therefore retire to your room and read fome good book. When you chance to get wet, which you often will, be careful to change your apparel as soon as poffible, for wet clothes remaining on till they dry will restrain perfpiration, and may bring on an ague; when your feet get wet, though you be far from any house, take off your shoes and stockings, wash them and let them dry, and then put them on again; and if you wish to enjoy the pleasure and benefit of bathing, and bracing your limbs in a cold-bath, chuse a proper clean place in a river that is free from aligators, and go into it very early in the morning, when free from the prickly heat and every feverish fymptom; do not ftay long in, wipe yourself dry and dress quickly; but by no means attempt to tamper with your conftitution as I have done, by plunging into a cold-bath in the heat of the day; for I fuppofe thousands and thousands have by that means caufed their own deaths.
Though you be ever fo warm and drowsy, do not attempt to fleep where you will be exposed to