Urban Problems and Community Development
In recent years, concerned governments, businesses, and civic groups have launched ambitious programs of community development designed to halt, and even reverse, decades of urban decline. But while massive amounts of effort and money are being dedicated to improving the inner-cities, two important questions have gone unanswered: Can community development actually help solve long-standing urban problems? And, based on social science analyses, what kinds of initiatives can make a difference? This book surveys what we currently know and what we need to know about community development's past, current, and potential contributions. The authors--economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a historian--define community development broadly to include all capacity building (including social, intellectual, physical, financial, and political assets) aimed at improving the quality of life in low- to moderate-income neighborhoods. The book addresses the history of urban development strategies, the politics of resource allocation, business and workforce development, housing, community development corporations, informal social organizations, schooling, and public security.
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... Ronald Ferguson and Sara Stoutland begin with a broad conception of the community development system . They demonstrate its utility through a number of examples , some of which challenge standard assumptions .
She traces the roots of present thinking to the turn of the century and identifies recurrent challenges . She concludes that basic concepts and rhetoric among people who care about neighborhoods have been remarkably constant , including ...
In addition, Weir addresses the ways that changes in the locus of private sector decisionmaking from the city level to the region and beyond presents new challenges for community-based organizations and their allies.
The authors conclude that among the challenges facing inner-city housing, affordability is probably the greatest. Low incomes also present special problems for housing managers, including CDCs, when the poor are unable ...
... growing interest in diagnostic evaluation that aims to improve program design and implementation . Community development efforts that are complex and multifaceted pose special challenges for both impact and diagnostic evaluations .