Urban Problems and Community Development
In recent years, concerned governments, businesses, and civic groups have launched ambitious programs of community development designed to halt, and even reverse, decades of urban decline. But while massive amounts of effort and money are being dedicated to improving the inner-cities, two important questions have gone unanswered: Can community development actually help solve long-standing urban problems? And, based on social science analyses, what kinds of initiatives can make a difference? This book surveys what we currently know and what we need to know about community development's past, current, and potential contributions. The authors--economists, sociologists, political scientists, and a historian--define community development broadly to include all capacity building (including social, intellectual, physical, financial, and political assets) aimed at improving the quality of life in low- to moderate-income neighborhoods. The book addresses the history of urban development strategies, the politics of resource allocation, business and workforce development, housing, community development corporations, informal social organizations, schooling, and public security.
He proposes several projects for improving the future of community development evaluation . Finally , in chapter 13 Ronald Ferguson draws on the previous chapters to highlight what we know and do not know about various policy issues .
... two and three do not directly serve or represent residents, both are important because they make the laws and regulations within which the system operates and they assemble and control resources that fund projects and pay salaries.
Network members from all levels and sectors of the community development system participate in alliances that devise strategies , make policies , fight political battles , run programs , and mount projects . The distinction between a ...
The project offered technical assistance randomly to some voluntary block associations but not to others. The follow-up showed that those receiving assistance became ... 3, p. 2). Most of these projects were oriented to improve conditions ,
Most of these projects were oriented to improve conditions , not necessarily to create friendships . As Robert Sampson writes in chapter 6 , " Interventions in the local community are unlikely to succeed to the extent that they attempt ...